Otkritie FC Bank

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Bank Otkritie Financial Corporation
Native name
ПАО Банк «Финансовая Корпорация Открытие» (Банк «ФК Открытие»)
Public Joint-Stock Company
FoundedDecember 15, 1992; 25 years ago (1992-12-15)[1]
HeadquartersMoscow, Russia
ServicesFinancial services
Revenue$3.76 billion[2] (2017)
$758 million[3] (2016)
$22.4 million[3] (2016)
Total assets$40.3 billion[3] (2016)
Total equity$3.46 billion[3] (2016)
OwnerCentral Bank of Russia (99.9%)[4]
RatingBa3 (Moody's), BB- (S&P) (2017)[5]

PJSC "Bank Otkritie Financial Corporation"[6] or Otkritie FC Bank (Russian: Банк «ФК Открытие», translates as opening or discovery) is one of Russia's largest full-service commercial banks.[7] It has more than 440 offices of different formats in Russia.[8] It was co-founded by Igor Finogenov, now CEO of the Eurasian Development Bank.[9]

Otkritie Bank ranked 1st among privately owned banks and 4th by assets among banking groups in Russia.[10] In August 2017, Otkritie was bailed out by the Central Bank of Russia,[11] at a cost to the state of over $8 billion.[12] The central bank later described Otkritie's capital as "largely fictitious".[13]


Nomos bank office in Moscow
Nomos bank office in Perm

The lending institution was registered as TIPCO Venture Bank (Russian: ТИПКО Венчур Банк) in 1992. The bank was renamed in 1994 as joint stock investment commercial bank Novaya Moskva (Russian: Новая Москва, Russian for New Moscow), and Nomos-Bank (Russian: Номос-Банк) in 2007. ICT Group (Alexander Nesis is a co-owner) gathered a controlling stake in the bank in May 2006.[14]

Otkritie Holding[edit]

In 2012 Otkritie took over NOMOS-Bank,[15] using a $1bn loan from VTB Bank.[16]

In 2014 NOMOS-Bank was renamed to Otkritie Financial Corporation Bank.[17]

In 2014 the Bank of Russia picked Bank FC Otkritie to rescue National Bank Trust.[18]

Otkritie allegedly became Russia's largest private bank in late 2014 by buying 625 billion rubles in bonds from the state oil company Rosneft, using them as collateral to obtain reverse repo loans from the Central Bank of Russia, then passing on the dollars it received to Rosneft, which is not allowed access to international capital markets due to western sanctions.[16] As repo funding had a 2.5% interest rate and the bond had a 7.5% coupon, Otkritie made billions from the trade.[16]

In 2015, all in all, Otkritie Holding's banks lay claims to get a big share of government aid among all private banks (Rub 65.2 bln or 7.8% of the government program).[19]

Acquisitions and united bank[edit]

In 2016, Financial group has completed the legal takeover of Khanty-Mansiysk Otkritie Bank by Otkritie FC Bank. As the financial group's press service reported, the merged bank would hold total assets of Rub 3.1 tln.[19]

In December 2016 Otkritie Group and Rosgosstrakh Group (the Russia's largest insurance company) agreed to merge.[20]

Outflow of liquidity[edit]

Otkritie experienced a significant outflow of liquidity in July 2017, after it was assigned a BBB- rating by ACRA.[21] According to the Financial Times, senior managers of Otkritie have removed their personal funds from the bank.[22] By late August Oktrikie shares had fallen to a 20-month low.[23]

On 29 August 2017 the Central Bank of Russia announced it would take over administration of Otkritie.[24][25]

Links to VTB Bank[edit]

The state-owned VTB Bank had a 10% stake in Otkritie's parent company, later written off after the 2017 bailout.[13] In 2018, it was revealed that Otkritie had amassed an undisclosed 20% stake in VTB Bank, making it the bank's largest shareholder after the Russian government.[13] Otkritie's rapid rise had been aided by cheap loans from VTB.[13]

The purchase of VTB stock costed Otkritie tens of billions of rubles, but helped boost VTB's stock price, which had lagged behind its domestic competitors. The stake in VTB was spread between Otkritie's various subsidiaries, to avoid reaching the 5% threshold for mandatory holdings disclosure.[13]


Before the bailout, owners included the Czech PPF Group (29.9%)[26] owned by Petr Kellner, the Slovak businessman Roman Korbačka (20%),[27] and the Russian ICT Group (50.1%) of which Alexander Nesis is President.[28]

Management Board[edit]

As of February 12, 2018, Mikhail Zadornov has been the Board’s Chairman since January 1, 2018. New members of the Board are Veniamin Polyantsev & Nadiya Cherkasova (both January 1), Alexander Sokolov (December 21, 2017), and Sergey Rusanov (February 5, 2018).[29]

Currency exchange[edit]

In 2014, the bank offered a service called Client Bank, an online currency conversion service. Corporate customers can use Client Bank to exchange currency online.[30]

On October 21, 2013, NOMOS-BANK has been admitted to trading on the Moscow Exchange.[31]


  1. ^ "Справочник по кредитным организациям - Банк России". www.cbr.ru.
  2. ^ "Рейтинг крупнейших компаний России по объему реализации продукции". Expert RA. Archived from the original on 28 October 2018. Retrieved 28 October 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d https://cdn.open.ru/storage/files/FS_2016_ENG.pdf.
  4. ^ "UPDATE 1-Russia central bank becomes sole owner of Otkritie Bank". Reuters. Retrieved 12 December 2017.
  5. ^ "Рейтинг банков - 2017 (таблица)". Forbes.ru. 23 March 2017. Archived from the original on 23 May 2017. Retrieved 1 May 2017.
  6. ^ "Bank Otkritie". www.open.ru.
  7. ^ https://www.open.ru/en/about_the_bank
  8. ^ https://www.open.ru/en/about
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-06-24. Retrieved 2008-08-25. (in Russian)
  10. ^ "Based on Interfax – CEA ranking in accordance with RAS financial statements as of March 31, 2016". Archived from the original on 8 November 2016. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  11. ^ "Russia, in one of biggest bailouts in its history, rescues Otkritie bank". CNBC. 30 August 2017. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  12. ^ Voronova, Tatiana. "Russia's Otkritie Bank calls for more central bank backing". Reuters. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  13. ^ a b c d e Seddon, Max. "The secret VTB stake that helped lead to Otkritie's downfall". Financial Times. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  14. ^ http://www.banki.ru/banks/engbanks/bank/?id=690
  15. ^ "Otkritie Formalizes Nomos-Bank Take Over". Moscow Times. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 6 April 2017.
  16. ^ a b c "Russia: Inside the private bank backed by the state". FT. Archived from the original on 5 March 2017. Retrieved 6 April 2017.
  17. ^ Otkritie has launched an updated brand platform and renamed two entities in the Group Archived 2014-07-14 at the Wayback Machine.
  18. ^ http://www.banki.ru/news/engnews/?id=7514130
  19. ^ a b http://www.banki.ru/news/engnews/?id=7873963
  20. ^ http://www.banki.ru/news/engnews/?id=9480705
  21. ^ "Russian bank Otkrytie significantly reduces its holding of Russia 2030 Eurobonds". IntelliNews. Archived from the original on 18 August 2017. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
  22. ^ "Otkritie sells stake in Cypriot bank RCB". Ft.com. Retrieved 26 August 2017.
  23. ^ "Shares in Russian bank Otkritie sink to 20-month low". Mail Online. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
  24. ^ "О мерах по повышению финансовой устойчивости ПАО Банк "Финансовая Корпорация Открытие"". Банк России. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
  25. ^ "Russian central bank steps in to rescue Otkritie". Financial Times. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
  26. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-01-05. Retrieved 2008-08-26.
  27. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-01-05. Retrieved 2008-08-26. - rounded up to 1 d.p.
  28. ^ http://www.ict-group.ru/index.php?id=16,51,0,0,1,0 Archived 2011-10-04 at the Wayback Machine.
  29. ^ "New Management Board of Otkritie FC Bank Elected". Okritie FC Bank website. December 22, 2017. Retrieved February 12, 2018.
  30. ^ Guthrie, Sam. "Nomos Bank launches real-time currency conversion system". Yekaterinburg News. 2/10/2014. Retrieved 2/10/2014.
  31. ^ Waits, Douglas (September 17, 2013). "NOMOS-Bank Eurobonds admitted to MICEX trading". Cistran Finance. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 25 October 2013.

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