Gazu Hyakki Yagyō

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Gazu Hyakki Yagyō (画図百鬼夜行?, "The Illustrated Night Parade of a Hundred Demons" or The Illustrated Demon Horde's Night Parade) is the first book of Japanese artist Toriyama Sekien's famous Gazu Hyakki Yagyō e-hon tetralogy, published in 1776. Although the title transliterates into "The Illustrated Night Parade of a Hundred Demons," it is based on an idiom, hyakki yagyō, that is akin to pandemonium in English and implies an uncountable horde.[1]

The book is a supernatural bestiary, a collection of ghosts, spirits, spooks and monsters from literature, folklore, and other artwork. The art of Gazu Hyakki Yagyō heavily references a 1737 scroll-painting called the Hyakkai Zukan by artist Sawaki Sūshi;[2] Sekien's innovation was preparing the illustrations as woodblock prints that could be mass-produced in a bound book format.[3] Intended as a parody of then-popular reference books such as the Wakan Sansai Zue, it ended up becoming a reference book in its own right, profoundly influencing subsequent yōkai imagery in Japan.[4] The book proved popular enough to be reprinted three times over the course of the Edo era by various book-sellers.[5] The book is compiled in three sub-volumes: Yin, Yang, and Wind. Yin features a foreword by poet Maki Tōei, while Wind ends with an afterword by Sekien.[6]

Gazu Hyakki Yagyō was followed by the 1779 Konjaku Gazu Zoku Hyakki (The Illustrated Demon Horde From Past and Present).

First Volume "Yin" – 陰[edit]

The first volume of Gazu Hyakki Yagyō, called "Yin", includes the following yōkai.

Second Volume "Yang" – 陽[edit]

The second volume of Gazu Hyakki Yagyō, called "Yang", includes the following yōkai.

Third Volume "Wind" – 風[edit]

The third volume of Gazu Hyakki Yagyō, called "Wind", includes the following yōkai.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Yoda, Hiroko; Alt, Matt (2017). Japandemonium Illustrated: The Yokai Encyclopedias of Toriyama Sekien. Dover Publications. p. vi. ISBN 978-0-4868-0035-6. 
  2. ^ Yoda, Hiroko; Alt, Matt (2017). Japandemonium Illustrated: The Yokai Encyclopedias of Toriyama Sekien. Dover Publications. p. 11. ISBN 978-0-4868-0035-6. 
  3. ^ Foster, Michael Dylan (2009). Pandemonium and Parade: Japanese Monsters and the Culture of Yokai. University of California Press. p. 56. 
  4. ^ Yoda, Hiroko; Alt, Matt (2017). Japandemonium Illustrated: The Yokai Encyclopedias of Toriyama Sekien. Dover Publications. p. viii. ISBN 978-0-4868-0035-6. 
  5. ^ Yoda, Hiroko; Alt, Matt (2017). Japandemonium Illustrated: The Yokai Encyclopedias of Toriyama Sekien. Dover Publications. p. xiv. ISBN 978-0-4868-0035-6. 
  6. ^ Yoda, Hiroko; Alt, Matt (2017). Japandemonium Illustrated: The Yokai Encyclopedias of Toriyama Sekien. Dover Publications. pp. 3–5. ISBN 978-0-4868-0035-6. 

Bibliography[edit]