Ottapalam

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Ottapalam
ഒറ്റപ്പാലം
OTP
Town
Ottapalam is located in Kerala
Ottapalam
Ottapalam
Location in Kerala, India
Coordinates: 10°46′N 76°23′E / 10.77°N 76.38°E / 10.77; 76.38Coordinates: 10°46′N 76°23′E / 10.77°N 76.38°E / 10.77; 76.38
Country  India
State Kerala
District Palakkad
Government
 • Body Ottapalam Municipality
 • M.L.A P. Unni [1]
 • Chairman N.M Narayanan Namboothiri
Area
 • Total 32.7 km2 (12.6 sq mi)
Elevation 54 m (177 ft)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Rank 2 nd in Palakkad District
 • Density 1,645/km2 (4,260/sq mi)
 • Urban Agglomeration 238,238
 • Town 53,790
Languages
 • Official Malayalam, English
 • Spoken Malayalam, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Pincode 679101
Telephone code 0466
Vehicle registration KL-51
Sex ratio 1000:1121 /
Literacy Rate 91%
Website www.ottapalammunicipality.in
Temperature Range: 21.4°C -37 °C
Seventh Day Adventist Hospital, Ottapalam

Ottapalam is a developing town in the Ottapalam Taluk in the Palakkad district, state of Kerala, India.[3][better source needed]

Ottapalam was declared as one of the 18 urban areas in Kerala as an AMRUT city[4] Chinakathoor Pooram, an event held every year at Chinakkathoor Temple, is one of the famous festival in Kerala.[5]

Ottapalam- Cherpulassery road passing in front of LSN Girls Convent,Ottapalam

Geography[edit]

Ottapalam is located at 10°46′N 76°23′E / 10.77°N 76.38°E / 10.77; 76.38.[6] It has an average elevation of 54 metres (177 feet).

History[edit]

This place was originally part of the Valluvanad Swaroopam dynasty.[7]

Valluvanad was an erstwhile late medieval feudal state in present state of Kerala in South India extending from the Bharathapuzha River in the south to the Pandalur Mala in the north during their zenith in the early Middle Ages. On the west, it was bounded by the Arabian Sea at the port Ponnani and on the east by Attappadi Hills. According to local legends, the last Later Chera ruler gave a vast extension of land in South Malabar to one of their governors, Valluvakkonithiri and left for a hajj. The Valluvakkonithiri was also given last Later Chera ruler's shield (presumably to defend himself from the sword received by the Samoothiri (Zamorin) of Kozhikode, another governor, from the departing ruler). Not surprisingly, the Vellatiri rajas were hereditary enemies of the Samoothiri.[7] Valluvanad is famous for the Mamankam festivals, held once in 12 years and the endless wars against the Samoothiri of Kozhikode. By the late 18th century, Vellatiri or Walluwanad proper was the sole remaining territory of the Walluvanad raja (Valluva Konatiri), who once exercised suzerain rights over a large portion of Southern Malabar. Although management of the country was restored to the Vellatiri raja in 1792, it soon became evident that he was powerless to repress the trouble that quickly broke out between Mapillas (favored by the Mysorean occupiers) and nayars (who sought to restore the ancien régime), and already in 1793 management of the district had to be resumed as the chief and his family fled to Travancore.[7]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Ottapalam, Kerala
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 32.8
(91)
34.5
(94.1)
35.8
(96.4)
35.1
(95.2)
33.2
(91.8)
29.5
(85.1)
28.6
(83.5)
29.1
(84.4)
30.2
(86.4)
30.8
(87.4)
31.6
(88.9)
32.0
(89.6)
31.93
(89.48)
Average low °C (°F) 22.3
(72.1)
23.2
(73.8)
24.8
(76.6)
25.7
(78.3)
25.2
(77.4)
23.6
(74.5)
22.9
(73.2)
23.5
(74.3)
23.5
(74.3)
23.7
(74.7)
23.4
(74.1)
22.4
(72.3)
23.68
(74.63)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 2
(0.08)
12
(0.47)
27
(1.06)
103
(4.06)
211
(8.31)
566
(22.28)
687
(27.05)
349
(13.74)
203
(7.99)
264
(10.39)
136
(5.35)
23
(0.91)
2,583
(101.69)
Source: Climate-Data.org[8]

Urban Structure[edit]

Ottapalam is sub district in Palakkad District.The population growth has increased 9.2% in last 10 years.The Town is listed in the top 18 most populous Urban Agglomeration In Kerala.First defence park in India is going to be estabilished on Ottapalam KINFRA industrial park.[9] Build up of a film city at Ottapalam is also under discussion.Ottapalam is one of major towns/cities in Palakkad District.

Politics[edit]

Ottapalam assembly constituency is part of Palakkad Lok Sabha constituency.[10]

Transport[edit]

Road[edit]

The Palakkad-Shoranur (Kulappully) State Highway passes through the town.[11] Government buses as well as private bus services operate between Ottapalam and other major towns such as Thrissur, Palakkad, Mannarkkad, Pattambi, Guruvayoor, Chelakkara (through the Ottapalam-Mayanur Bridge inaugurated on 22 January 2011).[12]KURTC Low-Floor A/C and Non-A/C Buses are also servicing through the town in Palakkad,Guruvayoor,Mannarkkad routes.Traffic Problem is a major thread in the town due to the inappropriate ratio of road width to number of vehicles.

Rail[edit]

Ottapalam is the major railway station in between Palakkad and Shoranur Junction Railways.Most of the passengers and Express trains have stop here.Railway station is near to the busstand,so can access easily for travellers.

Education[edit]

Schools[edit]

  • Government Higher Secondary School, Ottapalam East
  • L S N Girls Higher Secondary School,Ottapalam
  • N.S.S. K.P.T. High School, Ottapalam
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya, Ottapalam
  • Mannam Memorial High School,Ottapalam
  • Islamic Central School,Pulinchode,Ottapalam
  • Amritha Vidyalayam,Ottapalam

Colleges[edit]

  • Government N.S.S College,Ottapalam
  • M.E.S Womens College,Ottapalam
  • Lakshmi Narayana Womens College,Ottapalam

Notable people[edit]

The following people were either born in and/or are residents of Ottapalam:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Kerala Assembly Constituencies Election Results 2016-Ottapalam". Elections.in. Retrieved 19 May 2016. 
  2. ^ http://www.censusindia.gov.in/pca/SearchDetails.aspx?Id=673229
  3. ^ "Ottapalam". 
  4. ^ "State To Develop 1 Smart City 18 AMRUT cities". Newindianexpress.com. Retrieved 13 May 2016. 
  5. ^ "Chinakkathoor Pooram". FestivalsOfIndia.com. Retrieved 13 May 2016. 
  6. ^ "Maps, Weather, Videos, and Airports for Ottappalam, India". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved 2014-03-05. 
  7. ^ a b c princelystatesofindia.com
  8. ^ "CLIMATE: OTTAPPALAM", Climate-Data.org. Web: [1].
  9. ^ The Hindu. "Ottapalam To Have India's First Defence Park.". Retrieved 23 July 2016. 
  10. ^ "Assembly Constituencies – Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies" (PDF). Kerala. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-10-19. 
  11. ^ "Kerala State Highways". Kerala PWD Department. 
  12. ^ "Kerala News : Mayyannur bridge to be opened on Saturday". The Hindu. 20 January 2011. Retrieved 13 September 2011. 

External links[edit]