Transitway (Ottawa)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Ottawa Rapid Transit)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Transitway
Ottawa Transitway logo.png
Lincoln fields.jpg
Overview
OwnerCity of Ottawa
LocaleOttawa, Ontario, Canada
Transit typeBus rapid transit
Number of lines11
Number of stations44
WebsiteOC Transpo rapid network
Operation
Began operation1983
Operator(s)OC Transpo
System map

Ottawa Public Transit Map.png

The Transitway is a bus rapid transit (BRT) network operated by OC Transpo in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. It comprises a series of bus-only roadways and reserved lanes on city streets and highways. The dedicated busways ensure that buses and emergency vehicles on the Transitway rarely intersect directly with the regular traffic, and make it possible for them to continue at full speed even during rush hour. OC Transpo operates a network of rapid routes which use the Transitway to connect communities with the O-Train light rail system. Additional bus routes also use segments of the Transitway.

The Transitway opened in 1983 with five stations. The network expanded greatly to include over fifty stations at its peak. Beginning in 2015, segments of the Transitway were closed to be converted to light rail. Ottawa's Stage 2 and 3 O-Train expansions will see additional segments of the Transitway converted.

History[edit]

During the 1970s and 1980s, the Regional Municipality of Ottawa-Carleton approved the construction of a new transit corridor called the Transitway. The purpose of this busway was to increase the speed of city-bound services from east and west. The first two sections opened in 1983: the southwestern transitway between Lincoln Fields and Baseline and the east between Lees and Hurdman.[1]

The central transitway was then added in the Westboro and Mechanicsville areas. In the downtown core, buses travelled along dedicated lanes on Albert and Slater streets. The eastern transitway was extended in both directions, towards Laurier in the northwest and Blair in the east. These segments of the Transitway were serviced by route 95, travelling the full length of the Transitway from Baseline to Blair. Priority measures were later added to Woodroffe Avenue and Regional Road 174, extending service into the suburbs of Barrhaven and Orleans.[1]

In the 1990s, a rail corridor was gradually converted into the southeast transitway, spanning from Hurdman to South Keys. This new section necessitated the creation of route 97. Route 97 followed the new southwest transitway before joining route 95 along the existing transitway segments. The 97 was extended to service the suburb of Kanata. The Kanata section was later split off into route 96.[1]

In 2001, the O-Train's Trillium Line (then simply the "O-Train") opened. Its northern terminus was at the new Bayview station on the central transitway and its southern terminus at Greenboro on the southeast transitway.[2]

The southwest transitway was gradually extended southward, first to Fallowfield in 2005 and then to Barrhaven Centre in 2011. A median busways section was added along Chapman Mills Drive to Nepean Woods in 2014. The first segment of the western transitway opened in 2009 connecting Pinecrest and Bayshore. This was extended to Moodie in 2017.[3]

Beginning in 2015, sections of the transitway closed for conversion to light rail for the Confederation Line. Buses were rerouted to bus-only lanes along Highway 417, Regional Road 174, and city streets.[4] The Confederation Line opened in 2019, along with a major re-organization of the Transitway network. Rapid routes no longer travelled through downtown Ottawa. Instead, all rapid routes use the Transitway to connect communities to the Confederation Line at one of three stations: Tunney's Pasture, Hurdman, or Blair. Routes were also renumbered to correspond with their geographic service area, resulting in the retirement of route 95, the Transitway's busiest and oldest route.[5]

From 2020, additional sections of the transitway will be converted to light rail as part of the Stage 2 expansion in the west, southwest, and east. Rapid routes will have to be rerouted to accommodate construction.

Routes[edit]

The following are OC Transpo's rapid routes, which travel along the Transitway with frequent service connecting communities to the O-Train. Additional OC Transpo routes also use segments of the Transitway.

# Terminus Terminus Notes Map
 39  Millennium Blair
 39  La Cité
 N39  Rideau
  • Select peak trips extend to/from La Cité and Samuel Genest school
  • Overnight extension N39 terminates at Rideau
[1]
 45  Hospital / Hôpital Hurdman
 N45  Rideau
[2]
 57  Bells Corners
Bayshore
Tunney's Pasture
 N57  Rideau
  • Select trips start/end at Bayshore station
  • Overnight extension N57 terminates at Rideau
[3]
 61  Terry Fox
Stittsville
Tunney's Pasture
 61  Gatineau
 N61  Rideau
  • Route 61C trips during the morning peak period travel directly from Castlefrank to Highway 417 and Eagleson, bypassing Katimavik and Terry Fox
  • Route 61C trips during the afternoon peak period serve Katimavik, but do not serve Castlefrank north of Katimavik, or Terry Fox station
  • Route 61D trips during morning peak travel via Highway 417 between Castlefrank and Eagleson station
  • Early morning trips travel via Pinecrest Garage on Queensview
  • Overnight extension N61 terminates at Rideau
[4]
 62  Terry Fox
 62  Stittsville
Tunney's Pasture
  • Before noon on weekdays, eastbound buses travel via Fringewood between Abbott E. and Hazeldean, while westbound buses travel via Iber
  • After noon on weekdays, buses follow the reverse direction on both roads
[5]
 63  Innovation
Briarbrook
Tunney's Pasture
 63  Gatineau
  • Eastbound AM peak period trips travel via March instead of the business park and are extended to Gatineau; the reverse occurs in the PM peak for westbound
[6]
 74  Riverview Tunney's Pasture [7]
 75  Barrhaven Centre
Cambrian
Tunney's Pasture
 63  Gatineau
 N75  Rideau
  • Overnight extension N75 terminates at Rideau
[8]
 97  Airport Hurdman
 N97  Rideau
  • Select late evening southbound trips travel via Hunt Club and Uplands instead of the Airport Parkway
  • Overnight extension N97 terminates at Rideau
[9]
 98  Hawthorne Hurdman [10]
 99  Barrhaven Centre Greenboro
 99  Hurdman
  • Extended from Greenboro to Hurdman during peak hours, two-way service
[11]

Stations and segments[edit]

East[edit]

Station Rapid connections Notes
Blair Ottawa - Line 1 Confederation Line.svg  39 
  • Bus terminal
  • Park & Ride
Montreal  39 
  • Curbside
Jeanne d'Arc  39 
  • Curbside
  • Park & Ride
Place d'Orléans  39 
  • Bus terminal
  • Park & Ride
Trim  39 
  • Curbside
  • Park & Ride
Millennium  39 
  • Bus terminal
  • Park & Ride

The east transitway currently consists of a series of intermittent bus-only lanes along Regional Road 174 between Blair and Place d'Orléans.

Southeast[edit]

Station Rapid connections Notes
Hurdman Ottawa - Line 1 Confederation Line.svg  45   97   98   99 
  • Bus terminal
Lycée Claudel  45   97   98   99 
  • Busway
Smyth  97   98   99 
  • Busway
Riverside  97   98   99 
  • Busway
Pleasant Park  97   98   99 
  • Busway
Billings Bridge  97   98   99 
  • Busway
Heron  97   98   99 
  • Busway
Walkley  97   98   99 
  • Busway
Greenboro Ottawa - Line 2 Trillium Line.svg  97   98   99 
  • Busway
  • Park & Ride
South Keys  97   98   99 
  • Busway
Airport  97 
Hawthorne  98 
  • Curbside
Leitrim  99 
  • Bus terminal
  • Park & Ride

The southeast transitway is a dedicated busway adjacent to some rail corridors between Hurdman and South Keys.

Central[edit]

Bus congestion on the Central Transitway
Station Rapid connections Notes
Tunney's Pasture Ottawa - Line 1 Confederation Line.svg  57   61   62   63   74   75 
  • Bus terminal
Westboro  57   61   62   63   74   75 
  • Busway
Dominion  57   61   62   63   74   75 
  • Busway

The central transitway is a dedicated busway between Tunney's Pasture and Dominion.

The former downtown section of the Transitway consisted of two single bus-only lanes on Albert and Slater Streets (one-way public streets in opposite westbound and eastbound directions, respectively), with stops in each direction at Bay, Kent, Bank and Metcalfe Streets as well as on the Mackenzie King Bridge. Traffic congestion here, where the buses mingle with private vehicles, often caused service delays and was seen by some as the main weakness in the Transitway system.

Initial plans for the Transitway included a bus-only tunnel in this section but the cost of a ventilated tunnel for conventional buses was deemed too expensive and was not warranted at the time. In 2006, it was proposed to extend the O-Train downtown as a tramway over the same streets while keeping existing bus and car traffic. The idea was met with objections from businesses along those streets, as normal access to the businesses would be impeded.

In 2019, the Confederation Line opened, replacing the downtown portion of the Transitway with an underground, high-capacity rapid transit rail line. This service change greatly reduced the number of buses travelling on Albert and Slater streets.

Southwest[edit]

Station Rapid connections Notes
Lincoln Fields  57   61   62   63   74   75 
  • Bus terminal
Queensway  61   62   63   74   75 
  • Busway
Iris  74   75 
  • Busway
Baseline  74   75 
Fallowfield  74   75 
  • Busway
  • Park & Ride
  • Connection to Via Rail services
Longfields  75 
  • Busway
Strandherd  75 
  • Busway
  • Park & Ride
Marketplace  75   99 
  • Busway
Barrhaven Centre  75   99 
  • Busway
Cambrian  75 
  • Curbside
Beatrice  99 
  • Busway
Nepean Woods  74   99 
  • Busway
  • Park & Ride
Riverview  74   99 
  • Bus terminal
  • Park & Ride

The southwest transitway includes a dedicated busway from Lincoln Fields to Baseline. Buses then travel on reserved lanes before joining a busway before Fallowfield. This busway extends from Fallowfield to Barrhaven Centre. A separate median busway east of Marketplace connects Beatrice and Nepean Woods before travelling along reserved lanes to Riverview.

West[edit]

Station Rapid connections Notes
Pinecrest  61   62   63 
  • Busway
Bayshore  57   61   62   63 
  • Bus terminal
Moodie  61   62   63 
  • Busway
Bells Corners  57 
  • Curbside
Eagleson  61   62   63 
  • Bus terminal
  • Park & Ride
Terry Fox  61   62 
  • Bus terminal
  • Park & Ride
Canadian Tire Centre  62 
  • Bus terminal
  • Park & Ride
Stittsville  61   62 
  • Curbside
Teron  62   63 
  • Curbside
Innovation  63 
  • Bus terminal
  • Park & Ride

The west transitway consists of a dedicated busway between Pinecrest and Moodie. Buses also use reserved lanes on Highway 417 between Moodie and Eagleson.

See also[edit]

  • O-Train, OC Transpo's light rail transit system
Other bus rapid transit systems in Ontario

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Ottawa, Ontario: BRT Case Study" (PDF). Transportation Research Board. Retrieved April 16, 2020.
  2. ^ "Ottawa's O-Train rides the freight line". Canadian Consulting Engineer. February 10, 2003. Retrieved April 16, 2020.
  3. ^ "Bayshore to Moodie Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) Conversion to Light Rail Transit (LRT) Environmental Assessment (EA)". City of Ottawa. Retrieved April 16, 2020.
  4. ^ "Ottawa light rail construction closing more of Transitway in December, January". CBC News. October 14, 2015. Retrieved April 16, 2020.
  5. ^ "New route numbers". OC Transpo. Retrieved April 16, 2020.

External links[edit]