Ottmar Hitzfeld

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Ottmar Hitzfeld
Otmar hitzfeld in bulgaria.jpg
Hitzfeld with Switzerland in Bulgaria 2011
Personal information
Full name Ottmar Hitzfeld
Date of birth (1949-01-12) 12 January 1949 (age 67)
Place of birth Lörrach, West Germany
Height 1.76 m (5 ft 9 in)
Playing position Striker
Youth career
1960–1967 TuS Stetten
1967–1968 FV Lörrach
Senior career*
Years Team Apps (Gls)
1971–1975 Basel 92 (66)
1975–1978 VfB Stuttgart 80 (38)
1978–1980 Lugano 55 (35)
1980–1983 Luzern 72 (30)
Total 300 (169)
National team
1972 West Germany (Olympic) 6 (5)
Teams managed
1983–1984 Zug 94
1984–1988 Aarau
1988–1991 Grasshoppers
1991–1997 Borussia Dortmund
1998–2004 Bayern Munich
2007–2008 Bayern Munich
2008–2014 Switzerland

* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.


Ottmar Hitzfeld (German pronunciation: [ˈʔɔtmaːɐ̯ ˈhɪt͡sfɛlt]; born 12 January 1949 in Lörrach, Baden) is a German former football player (striker) and retired manager, nicknamed der General (“the general”), and “Gottmar Hitzfeld” (a pun on Gott, which is the German word for “god”).[1] He has accumulated a total of 18 major titles, mostly in his tenures with Grasshopper Club Zürich, Borussia Dortmund and Bayern Munich. A trained mathematician and sports teacher, Hitzfeld is one of the most successful coaches of German and international football. He has been elected “World Coach of the Year” twice; he is one of only five managers to win the European Cup/UEFA Champions League with two different clubs, along with Ernst Happel, José Mourinho, Jupp Heynckes and Carlo Ancelotti.

Playing career[edit]

Hitzfeld started playing football in the late 1960s with TuS Stetten and FV Lörrach in the lower German leagues before he captured the attention of Swiss first division team FC Basel.[2] He joined the club, located on the other bank of the Rhine, in 1971. With this club the forward won the Swiss championship in 1972 and 1973, in the latter season even contributing as the top striker in Switzerland. In 1975, he also won the cup with Basel.[3]

In 1973, while playing at Basel, he graduated from nearby Lörrach College as a teacher of mathematics and sports. He retained his amateur status to be able to participate in the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich. There, he played amongst others with Uli Hoeneß, the later Bayern Munich player and general manager who would hire him as coach in the late 1990s. One of the highlights of this tournament was the first encounter between the national sides of West and East Germany on the football pitch. West Germany lost this match 2–3, and thus failed to reach the semifinals. In this match, Hitzfeld scored one of his five goals in the tournament. In 1975, the 26-year-old Hitzfeld accepted an offer by the then German second division side VfB Stuttgart.[4] At the Swabian side, he was part of a legendary "100 goal offense" (the goal difference that season being 100:36) and in one match against SSV Jahn Regensburg he scored six goals, still the record for a 2. Bundesliga player.[5] After two years, in 1977, the team achieved promotion to the first division, the Bundesliga. Hitzfeld had by that time scored 33 goals in 55 league matches. In the Bundesliga, the club finished the season a remarkable fourth. Hitzfeld contributed five goals in 22 matches.[4] After three years with Stuttgart, Hitzfeld returned to what by then had become his second home, Switzerland. There, he played from 1978 to 1980 with FC Lugano before joining FC Luzern, where he finished his playing career in 1983, aged 34.

Managerial career[edit]

1983–91: Coaching in Switzerland[edit]

Hitzfeld got his first coaching position with FC Zug, where he stayed for a year. In 1984, he followed an offer to coach FC Aarau, where he settled for four years. His tenure there was crowned with his first title as coach, the 1985 Swiss Cup. Soon he attracted also the attention of the major Swiss club Grasshopper in Zürich. Between 1988 and 1991, he gained another four trophies there, starting with a repeat of his cup victory by the end of his first season.[6] The next year, he followed up with the double before finishing his engagement with the defence of the Swiss Championship in 1991.[7]

1991–98: Borussia Dortmund[edit]

In 1991, Hitzfeld became manager of Bundesliga club Borussia Dortmund.[8] In his first year, he and his assistant Michael Henke, with whom he would collaborate for the next 13 years, took the team to second spot in the league, securing a 1992–93 UEFA Cup place. The following season, Dortmund reached the finals of this competition, but both matches were lost against Juventus. In 1995, he gained his first Bundesliga title with Dortmund, their first trophy since the DFB-Pokal in 1989, and Hitzfeld’s first trophy in Germany. In 1995–96, he had a successful defence of the title, but the great triumph had to wait for another year: in 1997, Dortmund finished third in the league, but reached the UEFA Champions League final, where another encounter with Juventus was due. This time, Borussia prevailed 3–1 in Munich’s Olympiastadion against the team from northern Italy which featured Zinedine Zidane, Didier Deschamps, and Christian Vieri, amongst others. For his success, Hitzfeld was rewarded for the first time with the “World Coach of the Year” award,[1] but as frictions with the team had come to a head, he was promoted out of the firing line to the position of sports manager with the club, where he witnessed his successor, Nevio Scala, taking Borussia Dortmund to win the 1997 Intercontinental Cup against Cruzeiro from Brazil. He finished with a record of 144 wins, 63 draws, and 65 losses.[8]

1998–2008: Bayern Munich[edit]

First spell[edit]

In 1998, Hitzfeld was hired by Germany's most successful club, Bayern Munich.[9] In his first year, he led the club to renewed championship glories, winning the league title by 15 points,[10] a record margin. However, the club lost the DFB-Pokal final to Werder Bremen on penalties.[11] Most important was their run to the Champions League final. The final is remembered for the dramatic Manchester United comeback inside the injury time period. Trailing 1–0, United scored two goals in stoppage time, condemning Bayern to a stunning defeat.[12] They had also won the DFB-Ligapokal.[13]

In the next season, domestic success was improved upon with Bayern winning the double. After winning by a record margin last season, Bayern won on a heartbeat finish this season. They had won the league on a tiebreaker.[14] Hitzfeld's team depended on the neighbours from Unterhaching, a suburb of Munich, to beat Bayer Leverkusen on the last day play to secure the title. The DFB-Pokal final was won against Bremen, the team which beat Bayern in the previous final. In the Champions League, Bayern was stopped in the semifinal by eventual winners Real Madrid.

In the 2000–01 season, Hitzfeld led Bayern not only to the league championship hat-trick,[15] but once again into the Champions League final, defeating Manchester United and defending champions Real Madrid en route. This time, the side from Munich prevailed, though it took a penalty shoot-out against Valencia. This made Hitzfeld only the second coach after Ernst Happel to win the major European trophy with two different teams.

Again, he was recognized with the honour of "World Coach of the Year",[7] but this time he remained in control over his team in the ensuing 2001 Intercontinental Cup final against Boca Juniors from Argentina. A sole goal by Ghanaian defender Samuel Kuffour in extra-time made it an evening to celebrate for "the General" and his team. By then, the team had a tendency to put in lacklustre performances and in the end had to make do with third place in the league.[16]

The 2002–03 season started on 25 July 2002 when Bayern were knocked out of the DFB-Ligapokal in a shootout by Hertha BSC.[17] In the 2002–03 season, Bayern once more dominated German football, claiming the league title[18] four matches before the end of the Bundesliga season.[19] Bayern won with a 16-point lead over second-place Stuttgart.[20] With a 3–1 win over Kaiserslautern in the 2003 DFB-Pokal final, Hitzfeld's team secured another double.[21]

Bayern started the 2003–04 season by getting knocked out of the DFB-Ligapokal in the semi-finals after losing a shootout Hamburger SV on 22 July 2003.[22] The 2003–04 season yielded no titles after Bayern finished in second place,[23] and getting knocked out of the DFB-Pokal in the quarter-finals by Alemannia Aachen,[24] and getting knocked out of UEFA Champions League by Real Madrid in the round of 16.[24] The club sacked Hitzfeld with a year remaining year of the contract of the 55-year-old coach.[25][26] His final match was a 2–0 win against SC Freiburg on 22 May 2004.[24] Hitzfeld finished with a record of 193 wins, 73 draws, 53 losses.[9]

Second spell[edit]

Hitzfeld had an offer to take over the reins of the German national team, but preferred to take a break from the game.[27] On 1 February 2007, following the sacking of Felix Magath, he returned to Bayern Munich.[28] His first match back was a 3–0 loss against 1. FC Nürnberg.[29] Hopes that he might lead Bayern to another championship,[30] despite trailing by eight points with 15 games remaining, were not fulfilled, though. Eventually, Bayern finished fourth, thereby failing to qualify for the Champions League for the first time in more than a decade.[31] A multimillion spending spree before the new season helped Hitzfeld to lead the club to a new phase of domestic dominance, winning the DFB-Ligapokal,[32] the DFB-Pokal,[33] and the league championship.[34] After several high wins and lots of draws, Bayern's UEFA Cup campaign ended in the semifinal with a humbling 4–0 defeat by eventual winner Zenit St. Petersburg. During the season, Hitzfeld had announced that he would not be available for another season at the helm and Jürgen Klinsmann became his successor at Bayern. His final match was a 4–1 win against Hertha BSC.[35]

2008–14: Swiss national team[edit]

Hitzfeld took over as coach of the Swiss national team in summer 2008.[36] His first match at the helm was a friendly match that finished as a 4–1 win for Switzerland against Cyprus on 20 August 2008.[37] His first competitive match was a 2–2 draw against Israel on 6 September 2008 in qualifying for the 2010 FIFA World Cup.[37] Switzerland finished FIFA World Cup qualifying with a 0–0 draw against Israel on 14 October 2009.[38] Switzerland finished top of its qualifying group to reach the 2010 FIFA World Cup in South Africa.[39] Switzerland played Uruguay, Costa Rica, and Italy in friendlies leading up to the FIFA World Cup.[40] Switzerland lost 3–1 to Uruguay on 3 March 2010, lost 1–0 to Costa Rica on 1 June 2010, and drew Italy 1–1 on 5 June 2010.[40] Although Switzerland won their opening match 1–0 against eventual champions Spain,[41] they went on to lose 1–0 against Chile[42] and get a 0–0 draw against Honduras which eliminated their chances of qualifying from Group H.[43]

Switzerland failed to qualify for Euro 2012, finishing third behind England and Montenegro in their qualifying group.[44] Switzerland started qualifying with two consecutive losses to England and Montenegro.[40] Then they defeated Wales in their final qualifier of 2010.[40] They stretched their undefeated streak to four matches after a draw against England and a draw and a win gainst Bulgaria.[45] The undefeated streak ended when Switzerland lost to Wales before defeating Montenegro in their final qualifying match.[45] Switzerland started 2012 with a 3–1 loss to Argentina on 29 February 2012 and a 5–3 win against Germany on 26 May 2012.[46] Then Switzerland lost to Romania four days later.[46] Switzerland defeated Croatia on 15 August 2012.[46]

Hitzfeld led Switzerland to a second successive FIFA World Cup as his team remained unbeaten throughout the qualifying campaign.[47] Switzerland started qualifying with a pair of 2–0 wins against Slovenia on 7 September 2012 and Albania on 11 September 2012.[46] Then they drew Norway 1–1 on 12 October 2012 and defeated Iceland 2–0 four days later.[46] In the final match of 2012, Switzerland defeated Tunisia 2–1 in a friendly match.[46] Switzerland started 2013 with a 0–0 draw against Greece on 6 February 2013.[48] Switzerland's next two matches were against Cyprus.[48] The match on 23 March 2013 finished in a 0–0 draw and the match on 8 June 2013 finished in a 1–0 win for Switzerland.[48] Switzerland beat Brazil on 14 August 2013.[48] Switzerland finished out qualifying with a 4–4 draw against Iceland and three consecutive wins against Norway, Albania, and Slovenia.[48] On 17 October 2013, Hitzfeld announced that he would be retiring after the 2014 FIFA World Cup.[49] Switzerland finished 2013 with a 2–1 loss against South Korea in a friendly match.[48] Leading in to the FIFA World Cup, Switzerland drew 2–2 with Croatia and defeated Jamaica and Peru.[50] Switzerland defeated Ecuador,[51] lost to France,[52] and defeated Honduras[53] to finish second in Group E.[54] Hitzfeld's final match was a 1–0 extra time loss against Argentina in the round of 16 at the FIFA World Cup on 1 July 2014.[50][55] Vladimir Petković succeeded Hitzfeld.[56]

Retirement[edit]

He announced his retirement from coaching after the World Cup[49] with Vladimir Petković taking over on July 1, 2014.[56]

It was said that Chinese Super League club Guangzhou Evergrande once offered Hitzfeld an 18–month-long, with a value of 24 million euro contract. However, he turned it down.[57]

Overview[edit]

International level[edit]

Year Competitions Friendly matches Ref.
M W D L GF GA Win % M W D L GF GA Win %
2008 4 2 1 1 7 6 50.00 2 2 0 0 5 1 100.000 [37]
2009 6 4 2 0 11 2 66.67 3 0 2 1 1 2 00.00 [38]
2010 6 2 1 3 6 6 33.33 6 1 3 2 5 7 16.67 [40]
2011 5 2 2 1 7 5 40.00 4 2 2 0 3 1 50.00 [45]
2012 4 3 1 0 7 1 75.00 5 3 0 2 12 10 60.00 [46]
2013 6 4 2 0 10 5 66.67 3 1 1 1 2 2 33.33 [48]
2014 4 2 0 2 7 7 50.00 3 2 1 0 5 2 66.67 [50]
Totals 35 19 9 7 55 32 54.29 26 11 9 6 33 25 42.31

Personal life[edit]

Hitzfeld was born in Lörrach in the valley of the Wiese in southwest Germany, close to the Swiss border. He grew up there and is the youngest of five children. Hitzfeld said[58] that when he first left Bayern in 2004 he 'felt burnt out' and 'was a bit depressed', and 'it took me two years to recover.' He then had 'the best years at Bayern' on his return. He stated his views that people should not get too excited about things, not get too down about things, and treat each situation individually. His uncle was the World War II general Otto Hitzfeld.

Coaching record[edit]

As of 1 July 2014
Team From To Record
G W D L Win % Ref.
Zug 1983 1984 32 17 9 6 53.13
Aarau 1984 1988 142 65 37 40 45.77
Grasshopper Club 1988 1991 137 68 36 33 49.64
Borussia Dortmund 1 July 1991[8] 30 June 1997[8] 272 144 63 65 52.94 [8]
Bayern Munich 1 July 1998[9] 30 June 2004[25] 319 193 73 53 60.50 [9]
Bayern Munich 1 February 2007[9] 30 June 2008[9] 76 45 20 11 59.21 [9]
Switzerland 1 July 2008 1 July 2014 61 30 18 13 49.18
Total 1,039 562 256 221 54.09

Honours[edit]

As player[edit]

FC Basel

As manager[edit]

FC Aarau
Grasshopper
Borussia Dortmund
Bayern Munich

Individual honours[edit]

As player[edit]

As manager[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Ottmar Hitzfeld, General a.D." (in German). bundesliga.de. 17 May 2008. Retrieved 17 August 2008. 
  2. ^ "Ottmar Hitzfeld". weltfussball.de. July 2008. Retrieved 17 August 2008. 
  3. ^ "1973/74 bis 1982/83" (in German). FC Basel Official website. Retrieved 17 August 2008. 
  4. ^ a b "Ottmar Hitzfeld" (in German). fussballdaten.de. 2008. Retrieved 17 August 2008. 
  5. ^ "2. Bundesliga » Statistik » Die meisten Tore eines Spielers pro Spiel" [2. Bundesliga » Statistics » he most goals by a player in a game]. weltfussball.de. Retrieved 21 September 2012. 
  6. ^ "Nationale Erfolge" (in German). Grasshopper Club Zürich Official website. 2008. Retrieved 17 August 2008. 
  7. ^ a b "Ottmar Hitzfeld". WorldSoccer. 2 September 2003. Retrieved 17 August 2008. 
  8. ^ a b c d e "Borussia Dortmund" (in German). kicker. Retrieved 18 January 2014. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g "Bayern München" (in German). kicker. Retrieved 18 January 2014. 
  10. ^ "1. Bundesliga - Spieltag / Tabelle". kicker.de (in German). kicker. 
  11. ^ "Bayern München". kicker.de (in German). kicker. Retrieved 3 August 2016. 
  12. ^ Wolfgang Tobien; Karlheinz Wild; Rainer Franke. "Tragödie für Bayern! Baslers Treffer reichte nicht" (in German). kicker. Retrieved 3 August 2016. 
  13. ^ "Germany » League Cup 1998 » Schedule". World Football. Retrieved 4 August 2016. 
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  16. ^ "1. Bundesliga - Spieltag / Tabelle". kicker.de (in German). kicker. Retrieved 4 August 2016. 
  17. ^ "Pinto sorgte für die Entscheidung" (in German). kicker. 25 July 2002. Retrieved 31 July 2016. 
  18. ^ "Kuffour staubt mit dem Knie ab" (in German). kicker. 2 May 2003. Retrieved 30 November 2014. 
  19. ^ "Bayern München". kicker.de (in German). kicker. Retrieved 30 November 2014. 
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  24. ^ a b c "Bayern München". kicker.de (in German). kicker. Retrieved 30 July 2016. 
  25. ^ a b "Hitzfeld to leave Bayern". BBC Sports. 18 May 2004. Retrieved 18 January 2014. 
  26. ^ "Bayern 'sack Hitzfeld'". kicker. 18 May 2004. Retrieved 30 July 2016. 
  27. ^ "Ottmar Hitzfeld turns down offer to become Germany coach". German News. 1 July 2004. Retrieved 17 August 2008. 
  28. ^ "Hitzfeld beerbt Magath". kicker (in German). 31 January 2007. Retrieved 1 August 2016. 
  29. ^ "Bayern München". kicker.de (in German). kicker. Retrieved 1 August 2016. 
  30. ^ "Hitzfeld return restores dreams of glory". 1 February 2007. Retrieved 18 August 2008. 
  31. ^ "1. Bundesliga - Spieltag / Tabelle". kicker.de (in German). kicker. Retrieved 1 August 2016. 
  32. ^ "Germany » League Cup 2007 » Schedule". World Football. Retrieved 1 August 2016. 
  33. ^ "Nummer 14 für die Bayern" (in German). kicker. 19 April 2008. Retrieved 1 August 2016. 
  34. ^ "1. Bundesliga - Spieltag / Tabelle". kicker.de (in German). kicker. Retrieved 1 August 2016. 
  35. ^ "Bayern München". kicker.de (in German). kicker. Retrieved 1 August 2016. 
  36. ^ "Hitzfeld holt Pont" (in German). kicker. 3 March 2008. Retrieved 30 July 2016. 
  37. ^ a b c "Switzerland » Fixtures & Results 2008". World Football. Retrieved 30 July 2016. 
  38. ^ a b "Switzerland » Fixtures & Results 2009". World Football. Retrieved 31 July 2016. 
  39. ^ "WC Qualifiers Europe 2008/2009 » Group 2". World Football. Retrieved 30 July 2016. 
  40. ^ a b c d e "Switzerland » Fixtures & Results 2010". World Football. Retrieved 31 July 2016. 
  41. ^ "Fernandes sorgt für ein spanisches Fiasko" (in German). kicker. 16 June 2010. Retrieved 30 July 2016. 
  42. ^ "Nur Gonzalez überwindet Benaglio" (in German). kicker. 21 June 2010. Retrieved 30 July 2016. 
  43. ^ "Derdiyok & Co. enttäuschen" (in German). kicker. 25 June 2010. Retrieved 30 July 2016. 
  44. ^ "EURO Qualifiers 2010/2011 » Group G". World Football. Retrieved 31 July 2016. 
  45. ^ a b c "Switzerland » Fixtures & Results 2011". World Football. Retrieved 31 July 2016. 
  46. ^ a b c d e f g "Switzerland » Fixtures & Results 2012". World Football. Retrieved 31 July 2016. 
  47. ^ "WM-Qualifikation Europa - Spieltag / Tabelle". kicker.de (in German). kicker. Retrieved 30 July 2016. 
  48. ^ a b c d e f g "Switzerland » Fixtures & Results 2013". World Football. Retrieved 31 July 2016. 
  49. ^ a b "Hitzfeld hört nach der WM auf" (in German). kicker. 17 October 2013. Retrieved 30 July 2016. 
  50. ^ a b c "Switzerland » Fixtures & Results 2014". World Football. Retrieved 31 July 2016. 
  51. ^ "Joker-Duo: Mehmedi macht's vor, Seferovic nach" (in German). kicker. 15 June 2014. Retrieved 30 July 2016. 
  52. ^ "5:2! Benzema und Co. zerbröseln die Schweiz" (in German). kicker. 20 June 2014. Retrieved 30 July 2016. 
  53. ^ "Shaqiri ballert die Schweiz ins Achtelfinale" (in German). kicker. 25 June 2014. Retrieved 30 July 2016. 
  54. ^ "Weltmeisterschaft - Spieltag / Tabelle". kicker.de (in German). kicker. Retrieved 30 July 2016. 
  55. ^ "Di Maria zittert Argentinien ins Viertelfinale" (in German). kicker. 1 July 2014. Retrieved 30 July 2016. 
  56. ^ a b "Petkovic to become Switzerland coach". ESPN FC. ESPN. PA Sport. 23 December 2013. Retrieved 30 July 2016. 
  57. ^ Wöckener, Lutz (4 July 2015). "Ottmar Hitzfeld verzichtet auf 24 Millionen Euro" (in German). Die Welt. Retrieved 4 July 2015. 
  58. ^ Interviews on TV programme "Football's Greatest Managers", Sky TV, UK, May 2012. Similar comments in German; Domjahn, Thomas (29 November 2011). ""Burn-out-Syndrom" und Depressionen: Ottmar Hitzfeld redet Klartext" (in German). suedkurier.de. Retrieved 21 September 2012. 
Awards and achievements
Preceded by
Marcello Lippi
UEFA Champions League Winning Coach
1996–97
Succeeded by
Jupp Heynckes
Preceded by
Vicente del Bosque
UEFA Champions League Winning Coach
2000–01
Succeeded by
Vicente del Bosque