Otto Baum

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Otto Baum
Baumotto1.jpg
Born (1911-11-15)15 November 1911
Stetten, German Empire
Died 18 June 1998(1998-06-18) (aged 86)
Hechingen-Stetten, Germany
Allegiance  Nazi Germany
Service/branch Waffen SS
Years of service 1934–45
Rank SS-Oberführer
Service number NSDAP #4,197,040
SS #237,056[1]
Commands held
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords

Otto Baum, (15 November 1911 – 18 June 1998) was a high-ranking commander (Oberführer) of the Waffen-SS during World War II. He was a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords of Nazi Germany.

Baum was born on 15 November 1911 in Hechingen-Stetten, a son of a merchant. From 1930 to 1932, he studied two semesters of agriculture at the University of Hohenheim.[2] He served as a battalion commander in 3rd SS Totenkopf Infantry Regiment during the Operation Barbarossa, invasion of the Soviet Union. After recovering from severe wounds in 1943, he was promoted to regimental commander, and eventually reached the rank of SS-Oberführer . He took command of the SS Division Das Reich in July 1944, and saw action in the Falaise Pocket.[3]

Awards[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Westemeier 2013, p. 662.
  2. ^ Stockert 1997, p. 326.
  3. ^ Mattson 2002, p. 177.
  4. ^ a b Thomas & Wegmann 1987, p. 264.
  5. ^ Thomas & Wegmann 1987, p. 263.
  6. ^ a b c Berger 1999, p. 24.
  7. ^ Patzwall & Scherzer 2001, p. 27.
  8. ^ a b c Scherzer 2007, p. 206.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Berger, Florian (1999). Mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern. Die höchstdekorierten Soldaten des Zweiten Weltkrieges [With Oak Leaves and Swords. The Highest Decorated Soldiers of the Second World War] (in German). Vienna, Austria: Selbstverlag Florian Berger. ISBN 978-3-9501307-0-6. 
  • Mattson, Gregory L. (2002). SS-Das Reich: The History of the Second SS Division, 1944–45. Amber Books. ISBN 0-7603-1255-9. 
  • Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II [The German Cross 1941 – 1945 History and Recipients Volume 2] (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8. 
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Militaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. 
  • Stockert, Peter (1997). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 3 [The Oak Leaves Bearers 1939–1945 Volume 3] (in German). Bad Friedrichshall, Germany: Friedrichshaller Rundblick. ISBN 978-3-932915-01-7. 
  • Thomas, Franz; Wegmann, Günter (1987). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Deutschen Wehrmacht 1939–1945 Teil III: Infanterie Band 1: A–Be [The Knight's Cross Bearers of the German Wehrmacht 1939–1945 Part III: Infantry Volume 1: A–Be] (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-1153-2. 
  • Westemeier, Jens (2013). Himmlers Krieger: Joachim Peiper und die Waffen-SS in Krieg und Nachkriegszeit [Himmler's Warriors: Joachim Peiper and the Waffen-SS during the War and Post-War Period]. Paderborn, Germany: Ferdinand Schöningh. ISBN 978-3-506-77241-1. 
Military offices
Preceded by
SS-Standartenführer Otto Binge
Commander of 17th SS Panzergrenadier Division Götz von Berlichingen
18 June 1944 – 1 August 1944
Succeeded by
SS-Standartenführer Otto Binge
Preceded by
SS-Standartenführer Christian Tychsen
Commander of 2nd SS Division Das Reich
28 July 1944 – 23 October 1944
Succeeded by
SS-Gruppenführer Heinz Lammerding
Preceded by
SS-Gruppenführer Max Simon
Commander of 16th SS Panzergrenadier Division Reichsführer-SS
24 October 1944 – 8 May 1945
Succeeded by
None