Otto Hönigschmid

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Otto Hönigschmid
Born (1878-03-13)March 13, 1878
Horowitz, Austria-Hungary, today Czech Republic
Died October 14, 1945(1945-10-14) (aged 67)
Munich, Germany
Fields Chemistry
Institutions University of Paris,
Harvard University,
University of Munich
Alma mater University of Prague
Doctoral advisor Guido Goldschmiedt
Doctoral students Eduard Zintl,
Josef Goubeau
Known for measurement of atomic mass
Notable awards Liebig Medal (1940)

Otto Hönigschmid (March 13, 1878, in Hořovice – October 14, 1945, in Munich) was a Czech/Austrian chemist. He won the Haitinger Prize of the Austrian Academy of Sciences in 1913.[1]


Hönigschmid studied at the gymnasium in Olomouc, then at the Charles University in Prague under the guidance of Guido Goldschmiedt (the discoverer of the structure of papaverine).


Hönigschmid worked in Paris under Henri Moissan (1904–06) and at Harvard University under Theodore Richards. He was habilitated in 1908. After 1911 he was professor of inorganic and analytical chemistry at the Prague Polytechnic University, and after World War I at the University of Munich. He specialised in research on carbides, silicates and measurement of atomic mass.


He committed suicide shortly after his friend and colleague at the Munich University Hans Fischer.


  1. ^ Birckenbach, Lothar (1949). "Otto Hönigschmid 1878-1945". Chemische Berichte (in German). Vienna, Austria: Wiley-VCH Verlag. 82 (4–5): XI–LXV. doi:10.1002/cber.19490820423. 

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