11 February 1911|
Treptow an der Rega (Now in Poland)
|Died||17 June 1942
|Years of service||1934-1942|
|Awards||German Cross(14 February 1942) Knight's Cross (22 February 1942)|
Oberleutnant Otto Schulz (born 11 February 1911 in Treptow an der Rega – died 17 June 1942 in Sidi Rezegh) was a German World War II Luftwaffe fighter ace. He scored 48 of his victories against the Western Allies and three victories over the Eastern Front in over 450 combat missions whilst flying the Messerschmitt Bf 109. [Also, as distinct from Otto Schultz, another German fighter ace in World War 2 who flew with JG51 over the Eastern Front]
Otto Schulz joined the Luftwaffe in 1934 and served as an instructor until January 1940, when he was posted to the newly formed 4./Jagdgeschwader 27 (JG 27—27th Fighter Wing). He participated in the French Campaign and the Battle of Britain, scoring his first victory on 31 August 1940. By the end of 1940, he had four victories to his credit. Schulz also participated in the brief Balkan Campaign in April 1941, scoring two victories, flying out of airbases in Bulgaria then Greece. His unit, as with most of the Luftwaffe, was then withdrawn for the imminent invasion of Russia. Despite II./JG 27's very brief 9-day participation in Operation Barbarossa, he scored three victories. Two of these were some of the 25 bombers shot down over Vilnius by II./JG 27 on 25 June, however most of that short time the Gruppe was tasked with fighter-bomber missions.
The Gruppe was then withdrawn back to Germany to re-equip on the new Messerschmitt Bf 109F fighter, before being sent to join I./JG 27 already based in North Africa late in September. Once there, Otto became far more successful. On 6 October 1941, 20 October and 28 November, he recorded three victories on each day. Otto's score-sheet is slightly unusual in that many of his victories can be positively identified with specific Allied pilots: On 30 November, his 23rd and 24th victims were aces Sergeant Alan Cameron (6.5 victories) and Pilot Officer Neville Duke (27th v.). He claimed another 'ace' on 15 December (30th v.), when he shot down and killed Pilot Officer Geoffrey Ranger (5 victories) of No. 250 Squadron RAF.
Schulz received his nickname Eins-Zwei-Drei Schulz (One-Two-Three Schulz) in January 1942 when he took off in an emergency scramble at 7:01, shot down two bombers at 7:02 and landed again at 7:03. An alternative version is that it was an elderly Bombay transport on 27 November 1941. The plane was from No. 216 Squadron RAF, and carrying men from the new SAS unit heading off on their first large-scale raid behind enemy lines.
On 25 January 1942, in claiming two P-40 fighters for his 34th and 35th victories, he overtook his Staffelkapitän (squadron leader) Gustav Rödel as the top scorer in II./JG 27. On 15 February 1942, he took off on his own and chased after 20 aircraft of Nos 94 and 112 Sqns that had just strafed his airfield at Martuba. He shot down five more P-40 Kittyhawks in ten minutes, including the top 17-victory Royal Air Force (RAF) ace Ernest "Imshi" Mason. This put him on 44 victories, just behind the 48 of the then top-scorer in the Desert, Hans-Joachim Marseille. In recognition of this success, they were both awarded the Knight's Cross on the same day - 22 February - the first such awards for JG 27 since arriving in North Africa.
After this his scoring slowed right down to only three victories in March. Sent to officer-training school, he was promoted to Leutnant in April. At the end of May, now an Oberleutnant and assigned to the Stab (HQ) flight of II./JG 27 as Technical Officer, he had another quick flurry of four victories including his 50th on 31 May, a P-40 flown by South African ace Major Andrew Duncan (5.5 victories) of No. 5 Squadron SAAF, who was killed.
On 17 June 1942, after claiming his 51st and last victory (Canadian ace Flight Lieutenant Walter “Wally” Conrad (6.5 victories) of No. 274 Squadron who was wounded), Schulz himself was shot down and killed in his Bf 109 F-4trop [W.Nr 10271] by RAF Kittyhawks near Sidi Rezegh. Research suggests the victory should be credited to Canadian ace James "Stocky" Edwards of No. 260 Squadron RAF.
Otto Schulz is credited with 51 victories from about 400 combat missions, and included only 3 victories on the Eastern Front.
|No||Date||Time||Unit & Airfield||Gruppe Kommandeur||Location / Planquad||Claimed Aircraft||Source / Comments|
|1||31 August 1940||13:40||4./JG 27 - Fiennes, France||Olt Ernst Düllberg (temp)||Dover||Spitfire||Prien/Bock|
|2||1 September 1940||15:15||4./JG 27 - Fiennes, France||Olt Ernst Düllberg (temp)||Ashford||Spitfire||Prien/Bock|
|3||3 September 1940||11:35||4./JG 27 - Fiennes, France||Olt Ernst Düllberg (temp)||Thames estuary||Spitfire||Prien/Bock|
|4||28 October 1940||15:30||4./JG 27 - St Inglevert, France||Hptm Wolfgang Lippert||Gravesend||Spitfire||Prien/Bock|
|5||15 April 1941||6:55||4./JG 27 - Bitolj, S.Yugoslavia||Hptm Wolfgang Lippert||W of Trikkala||PZL P.24||C.2036/II AnerkNo 29|
|6||20 April 1941||17:10||4./JG 27 - Larissa, Greece||Hptm Wolfgang Lippert||Megara||Hurricane||C.2036/II AnerkNo 46|
|7||22 June 1941||8:20||4./JG 27 - Przasnysz, E.Poland||Hptm Wolfgang Lippert||N of Olytus||I-15||C.2036/II AnerkNo 35|
|8||26 June 1941||9:25||4./JG 27 - Vilnius, Lithuania||Hptm Wolfgang Lippert||NNW of Vilnius||SB-3||C.2036/II AnerkNo 37|
|9||26 June 1941||14:40||4./JG 27 - Vilnius, Lithuania||Hptm Wolfgang Lippert||E of Paratjanowo||SB-3||C.2036/II AnerkNo 39|
|10||(6 or) 10 October 1941||9:10||4./JG 27 - Ain-el-Gazala, Cyrenaica||Hptm Wolfgang Lippert||SE of Sidi Omar||P-40 Tomahawk||AnerkNo 47; of 2 Sqn SAAF|
|11||(6 or) 10 October 1941||9:15||4./JG 27 - Ain-el-Gazala, Cyrenaica||Hptm Wolfgang Lippert||SE of Sidi Omar||Hurricane||C.2036/II AnerkNo 49|
|12||(6 or) 10 October 1941||9:20||4./JG 27 - Ain-el-Gazala, Cyrenaica||Hptm Wolfgang Lippert||SE of Sidi Omar||Hurricane||C.2036/II AnerkNo 51|
|13||30 October 1941||9:30||4./JG 27 - Ain-el-Gazala, Cyrenaica||Hptm Wolfgang Lippert||S of Bardia||Hurricane||C.2036/II AnerkNo 52|
|14||30 October 1941||9:35||4./JG 27 - Ain-el-Gazala, Cyrenaica||Hptm Wolfgang Lippert||10 km E of Sidi Omar||Hurricane||C.2033/I AnerkNo 23|
|15||30 October 1941||9:43||4./JG 27 - Ain-el-Gazala, Cyrenaica||Hptm Wolfgang Lippert||25 km SW of Sollum: 3000m||Hurricane||C.2033/I AnerkNo 23|
|16||17 November 1941||7:10||4./JG 27 - Ain-el-Gazala, Cyrenaica||Hptm Wolfgang Lippert||NE of Ain-el-Gazala: 50m||Bombay||C.2036/II AnerkNo 54|
|17||21 November 1941||9:55||4./JG 27 - Ain-el-Gazala, Cyrenaica||Hptm Wolfgang Lippert||SW of El Adem||Wellington||C.2036/II AnerkNo 55; of 109 Sqn RAF|
|18||22 November 1941||16:55||4./JG 27 - Ain-el-Gazala, Cyrenaica||Hptm Wolfgang Lippert||20 km SE of Bir Hacheim: 2000m||P-40 Tomahawk||C.2033/I; Prien/Bock; of 112 Sqn RAF or 3 Sqn RAAF|
|19||25 November 1941||16:00||4./JG 27 - Ain-el-Gazala, Cyrenaica||Olt Gustav Rödel (temp)||N of Tobruk||P-40||C.2036/II AnerkNr 61|
|20||28 November 1941||16:00||4./JG 27 - Ain-el-Gazala, Cyrenaica||Olt Gustav Rödel (temp)||N of El Adem||P-40||C.2036/II AnerkNr 63|
|21||28 November 1941||16:10||4./JG 27 - Ain-el-Gazala, Cyrenaica||Olt Gustav Rödel (temp)||SW of El Adem||Hurricane||C.2036/II AnerkNr 64; F/O Vos, 94 Sqn|
|22||28 November 1941||16:12||4./JG 27 - Ain-el-Gazala, Cyrenaica||Olt Gustav Rödel (temp)||El Adem||Hurricane||C.2036/II AnerkNr 65; Ltn Palm, 94 Sqn|
|23||30 November 1941||9:10||4./JG 27 - Ain-el-Gazala, Cyrenaica||Olt Gustav Rödel (temp)||NE of Bir-el-Gobi||P-40 Tomahawk||C.2036/II AnerkNr 66; Sgt Cameron, 3 Sqn RAAF|
|24||30 November 1941||9:20||4./JG 27 - Ain-el-Gazala, Cyrenaica||Olt Gustav Rödel (temp)||SW of El Adem||P-40 Tomahawk||C.2036/II AnerkNr 67; P/O Duke, 112 Sqn RAF|
|25||4 December 1941||10:16||4./JG 27 - Ain-el-Gazala, Cyrenaica||Olt Gustav Rödel (temp)||Bir-el-Gobi||P-40||C.2036/II AnerkNr 69|
|26||6 December 1941||12:28||4./JG 27 - Ain-el-Gazala, Cyrenaica||Olt Gustav Rödel (temp)||SE of El Adem||Blenheim||C.2036/II AnerkNr 74; of Lorraine Sqn RAF|
|27||6 December 1941||12:30||4./JG 27 - Ain-el-Gazala, Cyrenaica||Olt Gustav Rödel (temp)||SE of El Adem||Blenheim||C.2036/II AnerkNr 75|
|28||7 December 1941||9:50||4./JG 27 - Ain-el-Gazala, Cyrenaica||Olt Gustav Rödel (temp)||S of Ain-el-Gazala||Boston||C.2036/II AnerkNr 76; of 24 Sqn SAAF|
|29||8 December 1941||13:10||4./JG 27 - Tmimi, Cyrenaica||Olt Gustav Rödel (temp)||N of Ridotto||Boston||C.2036/II AnerkNr 77; of 24 Sqn SAAF|
|30||15 December 1941||11:30||4./JG 27 - Derna, Cyrenaica||Olt Gustav Rödel (temp)||SW of Geziregh||P-40 Tomahawk||C.2036/I AnerkNr 81; P/O Ranger, 250 Sqn RAF|
|31||20 December 1941||9:40||4./JG 27 - Magrum, Cyrenaica||Olt Gustav Rödel (temp)||W of Maraua||P-40 Tomahawk||C.2036/I AnerkNr 82; of 112 or 250 Sqn RAF|
|32||20 December 1941||9:43||4./JG 27 - Magrum, Cyrenaica||Olt Gustav Rödel (temp)||W of Maraua||P-40 Tomahawk||C.2036/I AnerkNr 83; of 112 or 250 Sqn RAF|
|33||11 January 1942||13:10||4./JG 27 - Arco Philaenorum, El Agheila||Hptm Erich Gerlitz||NE of Antelat||P-40 Kittyhawk||C.2036/II AnerkNr 84; F/O Barr, 3 Sqn RAAF|
|34||25 January 1942||16:35||4./JG 27 - El Agheila, Libya||Hptm Erich Gerlitz||NE of Antelat||P-40 Kittyhawk||C.2036/II AnerkNr 85; of 250 Sqn RAF|
|35||25 January 1942||16:40||4./JG 27 - El Agheila, Libya||Hptm Erich Gerlitz||25 km NE of Antelat: 50m||P-40||C.2035/II AnerkNr 22|
|36||8 February 1942||10:35||4./JG 27 - Martuba, Cyrenaica||Hptm Erich Gerlitz||W of Ain-el-Gazala: 1000m||P-40||C.2035/II AnerkNr 22|
|37||8 February 1942||10:40||4./JG 27 - Martuba, Cyrenaica||Hptm Erich Gerlitz||E of Ain-el-Gazala||P-40||C.2036/II AnerkNr 87|
|38||13 February 1942||10:22||4./JG 27 - Martuba, Cyrenaica||Hptm Erich Gerlitz||NE of Tobruk||P-40||C.2036/II AnerkNr 11|
|39||13 February 1942||10:30||4./JG 27 - Martuba, Cyrenaica||Hptm Erich Gerlitz||Tobruk||P-40||C.2036/II AnerkNr 88|
|40||15 February 1942||17:45||4./JG 27 - Martuba, Cyrenaica||Hptm Erich Gerlitz||SE of Martuba||P-40 Kittyhawk||C.2036/II AnerkNr 89; S/Ldr Mason, 94 Sqn|
|41||15 February 1942||17:46||4./JG 27 - Martuba, Cyrenaica||Hptm Erich Gerlitz||SE of Martuba||P-40 Kittyhawk||C.2036/II AnerkNr 90; Sgt Belcher, 94 Sqn|
|42||15 February 1942||17:47||4./JG 27 - Martuba, Cyrenaica||Hptm Erich Gerlitz||SE of Martuba||P-40 Kittyhawk||C.2036/II AnerkNr 91; Sgt Weightman, 94 Sqn|
|43||15 February 1942||17:50||4./JG 27 - Martuba, Cyrenaica||Hptm Erich Gerlitz||W of Ain-el-Gazala||P-40 Kittyhawk||C.2036/II AnerkNr 92; P/O Marshall, 94 Sqn|
|44||15 February 1942||17:55||4./JG 27 - Martuba, Cyrenaica||Hptm Erich Gerlitz||SE of Martuba||P-40 Kittyhawk||C.2035/II; Prien/Bock; Sgt McQueen, 94 Sqn|
|45||13 March 1942||12:35||4./JG 27 - Martuba, Cyrenaica||Hptm Erich Gerlitz||SW of Tobruk||P-40 Kittyhawk||C.2036/II AnerkNr 57; Sgt Rozanski, 112 Sqn|
|46||15 March 1942||11:32||4./JG 27 - Martuba, Cyrenaica||Hptm Erich Gerlitz||10–12 km S of Fort Acroma: 400m||P-40 Kittyhawk||C.2033/I AnerkNr 22; of 450 Sqn RAF|
|47||28 May 1942||12:20||Stab II/JG 27 - Tmimi, Cyrenaica||Hptm Gustav Rödel||15 km NW of El Adem||P-40 Kittyhawk||C.2036/II AnerkNr 28; Sgt Ovenston, 260 Sqn RAF|
|48||28 May 1942||16:12||Stab II/JG 27 - Tmimi, Cyrenaica||Hptm Gustav Rödel||15 km E of El Adem||P-40 Tomahawk||C.2036/II AnerkNr 29; Lt Pare, 5 Sqn SAAF|
|49||31 May 1942||18:57||Stab II/JG 27 - Tmimi, Cyrenaica||Hptm Gustav Rödel||20 km SW of El Adem: 500m||P-40 Tomahawk IIb||C.2033/I AnerkNr 75; Maj Duncan, 5 Sqn SAAF|
|50||31 May 1942||19:00||Stab II/JG 27 - Tmimi, Cyrenaica||Hptm Gustav Rödel||15 km SW of El Adem||P-40 Tomahawk||C.2036/II AnerkNr 30; Capt Copeland, 5 Sqn SAAF|
|51||17 June 1942||10:20||Stab II/JG 27 - Tmimi, Cyrenaica||Hptm Gustav Rödel||E of Bu Amud||Hurricane||C.2036/II AnerkNr 34; F/Ltn Conrad, 274 Sqn RAF|
- Iron Cross 2nd and 1st Class
- Ehrenpokal der Luftwaffe (30 December 1941, or 5 January 1942)
- German Cross in Gold on 14 February 1942 as Oberfeldwebel in the 4./JG 27
- Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on 22 February 1942 as Oberfeldwebel in the II./JG 27
- Luftwaffe Officer Career Summaries website.
- Luftwaffe Air Units: Single–Engined Fighters website.
- Alman 1998, p. 205
- Weal 2003, p. 72.
- Sundin & Bergstrom 2003, p. 34.
- Weal 2003, p. 78.
- Luftwaffe Air Units: Single–Engined Fighters website.
- Aces of the Luftwaffe website.
- Patzwall & Scherzer 2001, p. 430.
- Fellgiebel 2000, p. 393.
- Alman, Karl (1998). Ritterkreuzträger des Afrikakorps [Knight's Cross Bearers of the Afrika Korps] (in German). Rastatt, Germany: VPM Verlagsunion Pabel Moewig. ISBN 978-3-8118-1457-8.
- Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 — Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6.
- Kurowski, Franz (1994). German Fighter Ace: Hans-Joachim Marseille: Star of Africa. Atglen, Pennsylvania: Schiffer Military History. ISBN 978-0-88740-517-4.
- Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II [The German Cross 1941 – 1945 History and Recipients Volume 2] (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8.
- Scutts, Jerry (1994). Bf 109 Aces of North Africa and the Mediterranean. London, UK: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-85532-448-0.
- Smith, J.Richard & Pegg, Martin. Jagdwaffe Vol 3, Sec3: War over the Desert June1940 - June1942 Hersham, Surrey: Ian Allan Publishing, 2003 ISBN 1-903223-22-9
- Sundin, Claes & Bergström. Christer. Luftwaffe Fighter Aircraft in Profile. Altglen, PA: Schiffer Military History, (1997). ISBN 0-7643-0291-4 including colour profile of aircraft [#25]
- Weal, John. Bf109D/E Aces 1939-41. Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 1996. ISBN 1-85532-487-3.
- Weal, John (2003). Jagdgeschwader 27 'Afrika'. London, UK: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84176-538-9.
- "Aces of the Luftwaffe". Otto Schulz. http://www.luftwaffe.cz/schulz.html. Retrieved 3 April 2005.
- "Luftwaffe Officer Career Summaries" (PDF). Otto Schulz. Retrieved 29 December 2012
- "Luftwaffe Fighter Claims". Otto Schulz. Retrieved 7 January 2013
- "Luftwaffe Air Units: Single–Engined Fighters". Jagdgeschwader 27. Retrieved 7 January 2013