Ottoman campaign against Hormuz
|Ottoman campaign against Hormuz
|Part of Ottoman–Portuguese Conflicts (1538–1557)|
Seydi Ali Reis and his galleys taken in an ambush by Portuguese forces while trying to bring back his fleet from Basra to Suez in August 1554.
|Commanders and leaders|
|Afonso de Noronha||Piri Reis
Seydi Ali Reis
|Casualties and losses|
|unknown||All ships destroyed or captured|
The Ottoman campaign against Hormuz took place in 1552-54. An Ottoman fleet led by Admiral Piri Reis and Seydi Ali Reis was dispatched from the Ottoman harbour of Suez to eliminate the Portuguese presence from the northwestern part of the Indian Ocean, and especially their fortress at Hormuz Island.
The Ottomans were able to take possession of Basra from Persia during the Ottoman–Safavid War (1532–1555). The Ottomans were then able to capture several key positions in the Persian Gulf. In 1550, they captured Qatīf.
Sieges of Muscat and Hormuz
The fleet managed sack Portuguese Muscat, modern Oman, in August 1552 in the Capture of Muscat. Soon however the Ottomans departed. However, they were unsuccessful in the Siege of Hormuz in September 1552.
Ultimately, the fleet managed to occupy and control the coasts of Yemen, Aden and Arabia, as far north as Basra, so as to facilitate their trade with India. The fleet went up to Basra, then an Ottoman harbour. They were able to capture Bahrain in 1554.