Otway Herbert

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Sir Otway Herbert
Born 19 November 1901
Died 4 April 1984 (aged 82)
Glyndŵr, Clwyd, Wales
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch  British Army
Years of service 1921−1960
Rank Lieutenant General
Service number 18477
Unit Royal Artillery
Commands held 6th Battalion, King's Shropshire Light Infantry
181st Field Regiment, Royal Artillery
132nd (Welsh) Field Regiment, Royal Artillery
British Forces in Berlin
44th (Home Counties) Infantry Division
West Africa Command
Western Command
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Companion of the Order of the Bath
Distinguished Service Order
Mentioned in dispatches (3)

Lieutenant General Sir (Edwin) Otway Herbert KBE CB DSO (19 November 1901 − 4 April 1984) was a senior British Army officer who served during the Second World War and achieved high command in the 1950s.

Military career[edit]

Herbert attended the Royal Military College, Sandhurst and was commissioned as a second lieutenant into the British Army's Royal Artillery on 22 December 1921.[1][2] He served in Egypt between 1928 and 1935.[2] Returning to the United Kingdom, he became brigade major for the 27th (Home Counties) Anti-Aircraft Group in 1935.[2]

He served in the Second World War (1939–1945) initially as deputy assistant adjutant-general for 27 Anti-Aircraft Group, then deployed to France and Belgium with the British Expeditionary Force (BEF).[2] On 1 March 1942 he took over as Commanding Officer (CO) of the 6th Battalion, King's Shropshire Light Infantry with the task of converting it into the 181st Field Regiment, Royal Artillery.[3] In August 1942 he joined the 132nd (Welsh) Field Regiment, Royal Artillery, which formed part of the 78th "Battleaxe" Infantry Division and commanded it in the Tunisian Campaign. In 1943 he joined the 21st Army Group in England and later in Northwest Europe.[2]

After the war he became Commander Royal Artillery for 5th Division moving on to be Commandant of the British Sector in Berlin in 1947.[2] He became Director Territorial Army (TA) and Cadets at the War Office in 1949 and General Officer Commanding (GOC) 44th (Home Counties) Infantry Division in 1952.[2] He was General Officer Commanding-in-Chief (GOC-in-C) West Africa Command from 1953[2] earning the distinction of being the last soldier to hold this command.[4] He was GOC-in-C Western Command from 1957 and retired from the British Army in 1960.[2] He was also Colonel Commandant of the Royal Artillery from 1956 to 1966.[2]

He lived at Brynsiencyn in Anglesey.[5]

Family[edit]

In 1925 he married Muriel Irlam Barlow and together they went on to have a daughter.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "No. 32597". The London Gazette (Supplement). 2 February 1922. p. 930. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives
  3. ^ Neal, pp. 7, 66.
  4. ^ Defence: West Africa Hansard, 25 June 1958
  5. ^ a b The Peerage.com

Bibliography[edit]

  • Don Neal, Guns and Bugles: The Story of the 6th Bn KSLI – 181st Field Regiment RA 1940–1946, Studley: Brewin, 2001, ISBN 1-85858-192-3.

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Eric Nares
Commandant, British Sector in Berlin
1947−1949
Succeeded by
Lord Bourne
Preceded by
Sir Lashmer Whistler
GOC West Africa Command
1953−1956
Succeeded by
Post disbanded
Preceded by
Sir Lashmer Whistler
GOC-in-C Western Command
1957−1960
Succeeded by
Sir William Stirling