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Temporal range: Late Permian
|O. baini skull at the Museum für Naturkunde, Berlin|
Oudenodon is an extinct genus of dicynodont. It was common throughout southern Africa during the Late Permian. Several species of Oudenodon are known. Both O. bainii, the type species, and O. grandis are known from South Africa. Specimens of O. luangwensis have been found from Zambia. One species, O. sakamenensis, is the only therapsid yet known from Madagascar. It is the type genus of the family Oudenodontidae, which includes members such as Cteniosaurus, Tropidostoma, and Rhachiocephalus.
- Boonstra, L. D. (1938). A report of some Karoo reptiles from the Luangwa Valley, Northern Rhodesia. Quaternary Journal of the Geological Society of London 94:371-384.
- King, G. (1988). Anomodontia. Encyclopedia of Paleoherpetology 17C:1-174.
- Owen, R. (1860). On some reptilian fossils from South Africa. Quaternary Journal of the Geological Assotiation of South Africa 67:1-110.
- Haughton, S. H. (1917). Investigations in South African fossil reptiles and Amphibia. Part 10. Descriptive catalogue of the Dicynodontia. Annals of the South African Museum 12:127-174.
- Keyser, A. W. (1975). A re-evaluation of the cranial morphology and systematics of some tuskless Anomodontia. Memoir of the Geological Society of South Africa 67:1-110.
- Mazin, J. M. and King, G. M. (1991). The first dicynodont from the Late Permian of Malagasy. Palaeontology 34:837–842.
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