Houses at the Voorstraat in Oudeschans
|• Total||46 ha (114 acres)|
|• Land||44 ha (109 acres)|
|• Water||2 ha (5 acres)|
|• Density||220/km2 (560/sq mi)|
Oudeschans (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈʌudəˌsxɑns]) is a small village with a population of around 100 in the municipality of Westerwolde in the province of Groningen in the Netherlands. The 16th-century fortification is now a state protected village area with several national heritage sites, among which a 17th-century garrison church, and the Vestingmuseum Oudeschans.
The fortification was initially named Bellingwolderschans, meaning Sconce of Bellingwolde, in 1593. It was renamed Oudeschans, meaning Old Sconce, after the fortification of Nieuweschans, meaning New Sconce, was built in 1628.
In 1593, during the Eighty Years' War, the fortification was built by William Louis, Count of Nassau-Dillenburg to strengthen the strategically important Bellingwolderzijl (Sluice of Bellingwolde) connecting the river Westerwoldsche Aa to the Dollart. The fortification was used for military purposes until 1814.
Map of the fortification from the Atlas Van Loon (1649)
Oudeschans is located at Westerwolde, in the east of the province of Groningen, in the northeast of the Netherlands. The village is in the southeast of the region Oldambt, situated between the river Westerwoldse Aa in the west and the canal B.L. Tijdenskanaal in the east.(53.14, 7.14) in the north of the municipality of
The nearest village is Bellingwolde to the southeast and the nearest city is Winschoten to the west. Other nearby villages are Beerta in the northwest, Bad Nieuweschans in the northeast, Vriescheloo in the south, and Blijham in the southwest.
Oudeschans is an administrative neighborhood (Dutch: buurt) in the district (Dutch: wijk) of Bellingwolde. The neighborhood has a total area of 46 ha (110 acres), of which 44 ha (110 acres) is land and 2 ha (4.9 acres) is water.
Vestingmuseum and art gallery
- (in Dutch) CBS StatLine, Statistics Netherlands, 2017. Retrieved on 2017-12-02.
- (in Dutch) De vesting, Stichting Vesting Oudeschans. Retrieved on 12 February 2014.
- (in Dutch) Overzicht van aangewezen en in procedure zijnde stads- en dorpsgezichten, Rijksdienst voor het Cultureel Erfgoed, 2013. Retrieved on 12 February 2014.
- (in Dutch) Vestingmuseum, Stichting Vesting Oudeschans. Retrieved on 12 February 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Oudeschans (Groningen).|
- (in Dutch) Oudeschans on the municipal website