City of Martyrs
|Nickname(s): LITTLE PARIS|
|Time zone||WET (UTC+0)|
|• Summer (DST)||WEST (UTC+212)|
Oued Zem is a city in Morocco, specifically Khouribga Province, Béni Mellal-Khénifra, Morocco. Oued zem was also a French settlement during the 20th century. On August 20, 1955, during the testimony period of Sultan Mohammed Ben Youssef took place in Oued Zem an uprising of the Berber tribes which led to a massacre where a significant number of French were savagely massacred (at least 70 according to the French archives ) European civilians, most of them armed, defended themselves with firearms which explains the death of some insurgents. Even the city hospital, where many patients were Moroccan, was the subject of killings and looting by insurgents. The response of the French army and especially the Foreign Legion followed the violence of the attack and in particular ended in execution - under fire from soldiers of the Foreign Legion, whose contingent was made at that time and in that place soldiers of German origin - officials appointed by the heads of insurgent tribes. It results in many Moroccan victims in the same town of Oued Zem and the neighboring village, Ait Ammar. There, seventeen European, executives working at the iron mine, are killed by insurgents from Oued Zem. In Morocco after independence, it is the memory of the extent of the repression that gave Oued Zem martyr city status. According to the 2015 census Oued Zem had a population of 115000.
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