Ouest (department)

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For the defunct region of Ivory Coast, see Ouest Department (Ivory Coast).
Ouest
Lwès
Department
Ouest in Haiti
Ouest in Haiti
Coordinates: 18°34′23″N 72°14′24″W / 18.573°N 72.24°W / 18.573; -72.24Coordinates: 18°34′23″N 72°14′24″W / 18.573°N 72.24°W / 18.573; -72.24
Country Haiti
Capital Port-au-Prince
Area
 • Total 4,982.56 km2 (1,923.78 sq mi)
Population (2015 est.)[1]
 • Total 4,028,705
 • Density 810/km2 (2,100/sq mi)

Ouest (English: West, Haitian Creole: Lwès) is one of the ten departments of Haiti. It is the jurisdictional seat of the national capital, the city of Port-au-Prince. It has an area of 4,982.56 square kilometres (1,923.78 sq mi) and a population of 4,029,705 (2015 Estimate). It borders the Dominican Republic to the east.

It is the second largest department in Haiti after Artibonite. Gonâve Island is also part of the Ouest department. The department's stretch of coastline lies entirely in the Gulf of Gonâve.

Arrondissements and communes[edit]

(with 2009 Population Estimates in parentheses)[1]

History[edit]

2010 7.0 Earthquake[edit]

Shake map of 2010 Haiti earthquake
Main article: 2010 Haiti earthquake

On 12 January 2010, a magnitude 7.0 earthquake struck in the department, the largest in Haiti in two centuries.[2] In the Port-au-Prince Arrondissement, many areas suffered damage.[3] In the Léogâne Arrondissement, the city of Léogâne suffered 80-90% destruction.[4] Other places in Léogâne were also affected.

Economy[edit]

Absolute poverty levels in the Ouest department are the lowest in the country[5]

Education[edit]

Haiti's few public schools are located in Port-au-Prince.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "IHSI" (PDF). Institut Haïtien de Statistique et d'Informatique. Retrieved 2 September 2014. 
  2. ^ CNN News Morning, 13 January 2010
  3. ^ CNN, "The Situation Room", 15 January 2010
  4. ^ ABC News, 'Haiti Disaster Like "No Other"', AFP, Lisa Millar, 17 January 2010 (accessed 17 January 2010)
  5. ^ Mapping Inequality in the Caribbean, December 4, 2010 http://www.haitiedstories.org/haiti-map/
  6. ^ Rebuilding Haiti's Education System from the Ground Up, October 25, 2010 http://pulitzercenter.org/projects/caribbean/rebuilding-haiti-education-system-earthquake