(Drayton in Dana, 1846)
This is a large, greenish-grey to off-white species, growing to 60–80 mm. It has up to one hundred short, conical tentacles that are transparent to pale greenish to greyish-white, to pale brown, grouped into three rows. On the column, there are vertical rows of adhesive bumps (verrucae) that are relatively darker than the rest of the body. The tentacles also have horizontal black bands.
The oral disk varies in colouration, and is sometimes red, green, black or white, and may have streaks of darker colour radiating outward from its mouth.
This species can be recognized by gravel, bits of shell or coarse sand that it attaches between its tentacles.
Oulactis muscosa is closely related to Oulactis mcmurrichi (the southern sand anemone), which shares the same distribution and habitat. Oulactis muscosa can be distinguished by the difference in colouration. The column of Oulactis macmurrichi is more reddish-brown, or green to light purple, and has light green tentacles. It is possible that the two are variants of the same species.
Oulactis muscosa feeds on small mussels.
Oulactis muscosa is not sought after by the pet industry, and is abundant. Thus, it is not threatened.
- "WoRMS - World Register of Marine Species - Oulactis muscosa (Drayton in Dana, 1846)". Marinespecies.org. Retrieved 2012-12-14.
- Australia. "Species Bank Treatment for Oulactis muscosa". Environment.gov.au. Retrieved 2012-12-14.
- "Sand Anemone - Life on Australian Seashores". Mesa.edu.au. Retrieved 2012-12-14.