Oulx

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Oulx
Comune di Oulx
Oulx
Oulx
Coat of arms of Oulx
Coat of arms
Location of Oulx
Oulx is located in Italy
Oulx
Oulx
Location of Oulx in Italy
Oulx is located in Piedmont
Oulx
Oulx
Oulx (Piedmont)
Coordinates: 45°2′N 6°50′E / 45.033°N 6.833°E / 45.033; 6.833
CountryItaly
RegionPiedmont
Metropolitan cityTurin (TO)
Government
 • MayorPaolo De Marchis
Area
 • Total99.9 km2 (38.6 sq mi)
Elevation
1,100 m (3,600 ft)
Population
 (30 September 2016)[3]
 • Total3,330
 • Density33/km2 (86/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Ulcensi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
10056
Dialing code0122
Patron saintSt. Roch
Saint day16 August
WebsiteOfficial website

Oulx (Vivaro-Alpine: Ors) is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Turin in the Italian region Piedmont, located about 70 kilometres (43 mi) west of Turin, in the Susa Valley on the border with France.

Names[edit]

Parish Church of Oulx

Like many other towns in the Susa Valley, Oulx has different names reflecting the area's multiple linguistic traditions. One theory of the name's origin is that it derives from Ulkos, the name of a leader of the Celtic Salassi tribe.[4] Another theory holds that the derivation is from Ultor, a title of the god Mars, to whom a temple in the area was dedicated. These names were first rendered as Ulces, and later Ulcium on maps in the Middle Ages, in Latin.[4] From the older forms, the name became Olcs in the Occitan language and was later Francized as Oulx. As part of Italian Fascist Italianization, Oulx was renamed Ulzio from 1928 to 1947. However, this form is considered etymologically incorrect, deriving from the Latin "Ultium" rather than "Ulcium."[5]

Today, the municipality is called Oulx in Italian and French, Ours in the local Cisalpine Occitan (a Vivaro-Alpine subdialect; using an alternate orthography),[6] Ors [uɾs] in standard Occitan (using classical orthography), and Ols [ʊls] in Piedmontese as well as in the Cisalpine Occitan standard (using classical orthography).[7]

Geography[edit]

There are three parts of the village of Oulx proper: Borgo Superiore (local Occitan: Viêrë), Borgo Inferiore (Plan e Poyà or simply Ël Plan), and Abadia (Baîë).

In addition to Oulx proper, the municipality includes the frazioni (districts) of Amazas (local Occitan: Zamazá), Auberges (Oouberja), Beaulard (Bioulâ), Beaume (Baoumë), Chateau-Beaulard (Chaté), Clots (Clos), Constans (Coutan), Gad (Ga), Monfol (Mounfol), Pierremenaud (Piarmenaou), Puy (Peui), Royeres (Rouliera), San Marco (Sa' Mar), Savoulx (Savou), Signols (Signoou), Soubras (Ël Soubrâ), Vazon (Lou Vazoun), and Villard (Viarâ).[8]

Oulx is served by Oulx-Claviere-Sestriere railway station on the Turin-Modane railway.

Twin towns[edit]

Notable natives[edit]

French Revolutionist Joseph Chalier was born in the village of Beaulard, now a frazione of Oulx. Oulx was the birthplace of Luigi (Louis) Des Ambrois (1807–74), an Italian unification-era politician and jurist, who served as chairman of the Senate of the Kingdom (Senato del Regno) shortly before his death.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.
  4. ^ a b Note di toponomastica: Periodo Pre-Romano. Archived 2008-09-04 at the Wayback Machine Accessed 25 September 2008. (in Italian)
  5. ^ La Valsusa — Settimanale della Valle di Susa e Val Sangone — 1959: Ulzio o Oulx? Accessed 25 September 2008. (in Italian)
  6. ^ Il patois / Ël patouà Archived 2008-12-10 at the Wayback Machine at the official commune website. Accessed 25 September 2008. (in Italian)(in Occitan)
  7. ^ Map of the Occitan Valleys (in Occitan)
  8. ^ Le frazioni / Lâ frazioun at the official commune website. Accessed 25 September 2008. (in Italian)(in Occitan)

External links[edit]