Our Lady of Lourdes Church (Manhattan)
|Church of Our Lady of Lourdes|
An image of the church in 1914
|Location||463 West 142nd Street|
New York, New York 10031
|Denomination||Roman Catholic Church|
|Founder(s)||The Rev. Joseph H. McMahon|
|Dedication||Our Lady of Lourdes|
|Architect(s)||Peter B. Wight (facade), Cornelius O'Reilly|
|Style||Venetian Gothic & Gothic Revival|
|Division||Vicariate of North Manhattan|
|Pastor(s)||Rev. Gilberto Angel-Neri|
The Church of Our Lady of Lourdes is a parish church in New York City, under the jurisdiction of the Archdiocese of New York, located at 463 West 142nd Street between Convent and Amsterdam Avenues in Manhattan.
The parish was established in 1901 under the authority of Michael Corrigan, the Archbishop of New York, to serve the growing Catholic population of the Hamilton Heights neighborhood. Corrigan assigned the task to the Rev. Joseph H. McMahon, who had just served as a curate at St. Patrick's Cathedral for the previous fifteen years.
The church was built in 1902-04 at the cost of $80,000 to the design of Cornelius O'Reilly of the O'Reilly Brothers firm. The building combined discarded elements of three recently demolished structures, which McMahon was able to obtain at a bargain:
- the facade on 142nd Street uses elements of the National Academy of Design building which stood at East 23rd Street and Fourth Avenue (now Park Avenue South), and was designed by Peter B. Wight in a style influenced by Venetian Gothic architecture; it was used in a way to reflect that of the original shrine for that devotion located in Lourdes, France.
- the church's apse and part of its eastern wall, including stained-glass windows, were elements removed from James Renwick Jr.'s St. Patrick's Cathedral to allow for the building of the Lady Chapel there; and
- the pedestals on either side of the entrance steps came from the mansion of department store magnate A. T. Stewart, called the "Marble Palace", which was designed by John Kellum, and which stood at 34th Street and Fifth Avenue until 1901.
- Bricks from the cathedral was used to construct the church
- Dunlap, David W. (2004). From Abyssinian to Zion: A Guide to Manhattan's Houses of Worship. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-12543-7., p.164
- White, Norval; Willensky, Elliot & Leadon, Fran (2010), AIA Guide to New York City (5th ed.), New York: Oxford University Press, ISBN 9780195383867, p.315
- Office for Metropolitan History, "Manhattan NB Database 1900-1986," (Accessed 25 Dec 2010).
- Lafort, Remigius. The Catholic Church in the United States of America: Undertaken to Celebrate the Golden Jubilee of His Holiness, Pope Pius X. Volume 3: The Province of Baltimore and the Province of New York, Section 1: Comprising the Archdiocese of New York and the Diocese of Brooklyn, Buffalo and Ogdensburg Together with some Supplementary Articles on Religious Communities of Women.. (New York City: The Catholic Editing Company, 1914), p.358.
- "Church of Our Lady of Lourdes". The New York City Chapter of the American Guild of Organists.
- New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission; Dolkart, Andrew S.; Postal, Matthew A. (2009), Postal, Matthew A. (ed.), Guide to New York City Landmarks (4th ed.), New York: John Wiley & Sons, ISBN 978-0-470-28963-1, p.196
- New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission. "Our Lady of Lourdes Designation Report" (July 22, 1975)