Ourense (Congress of Deputies constituency)

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Ourense
Congress of Deputies
Electoral Constituency
SpanishCongressDistricts(Ourense).png
Location of Ourense within Spain
Province Ourense
Autonomous community Galicia
Population 318,391 (2016)
Electorate 364,469 (2016)
Major settlements Ourense
Current constituency
Created 1977
Seats 5 (1977–1993)
4 (1993–)
Member(s)
  •      PP (3)
  •      PSOE (1)

Ourense (Spanish: Orense) is one of the 52 constituencies (Spanish: circunscripciones) represented in the Congress of Deputies—the lower chamber of the Spanish parliament, the Cortes Generales—. The constituency currently elects four deputies. Its boundaries correspond with those of the Spanish province of Ourense. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3%.

Electoral system[edit]

The constituency was created as per the Political Reform Act 1977 and was first contested in the 1977 general election. The Act provided for the provinces of Spain to be established as multi-member districts in the Congress of Deputies,[1] with this regulation being maintained under Article 68.2 of the Spanish Constitution of 1978. Additionally, Article 141.1 of the Constitution requires for any modification of the provincial limits to be approved under an organic law, needing an absolute majority in the Cortes Generales.[2]

Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage, with all nationals over eighteen and in full enjoyment of all political rights entitled to vote. The only exception was in 1977, when this was limited to nationals over twenty-one and in full enjoyment of all political and civil rights. Amendments to the electoral law in 2011 required for Spaniards abroad to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "begged" or expat vote (Spanish: Voto rogado).[3] 348 seats are elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 3 per 100 of valid votes—which includes blank ballots—being applied in each constituency. Parties not reaching the threshold are not taken into consideration for seat distribution. Additionally, the use of the D'Hondt method may result in an effective threshold over three percent, dependant on the district magnitude.[4] Each provincial constituency is entitled to an initial minimum of two seats, with the remaining 248 allocated among the constituencies in proportion to their populations. Ceuta and Melilla are allocated the two remaining seats, which are elected using plurality voting.[2][5][6][7]

The electoral law provides that parties, federations, coalitions and groupings of electors are allowed to present lists of candidates. However, groupings of electors are required to secure at least the signature of 1 per 100 of the electors entered in electoral register of the constituency for which they are seeking election—0.1 per 100 and, at least, the signature of 500 electors, until 1985—. Also since 2011, parties, federations or coalitions who have not obtained a mandate in either House of Parliament at the preceding election are required to secure at least the signature of 0.1 per 100 of the electors entered in electoral register of the constituency for which they are seeking election. Electors are barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Concurrently, parties and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election are required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days from the election call.[5][7]

Deputies[edit]

Deputies for Ourense 1977–
Legislature Election Distribution
Constituent 1977
4 1
1st 1979
1 3 1
2nd 1982
1 2 2
3rd 1986
2 1 2
4th 1989
2 3
5th 1993
2 2
6th 1996
2 2
7th 2000
1 3
8th 2004
1 3
9th 2008
2 2
10th 2011
1 3
11th 2015
1 1 2
12th 2016
1 3

Elections[edit]

2016 general election[edit]

OurenseMunicipalMapCongress2016.png
Summary of the 26 June 2016 Congress of Deputies election results in Ourense
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 92,539 49.70 +4.78 3 +1
Socialists' Party of Galicia (PSdeG–PSOE) 43,429 23.33 +0.15 1 ±0
In Tide (PodemosAnovaEU) 29,136 15.65 –2.16 0 –1
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 13,133 7.05 –0.81 0 ±0
Galician Nationalist Bloc–Us–Galician Candidacy (BNG–Nós) 4,107 2.21 –1.14 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,527 0.82 –0.09
Total 186,177 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 186,177 98.74 +0.04
Invalid votes 2,385 1.26 –0.04
Votes cast / turnout 188,562 51.74 –1.74
Abstentions 175,907 48.26 +1.74
Registered voters 364,469
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2015 general election[edit]

OurenseMunicipalMapCongress2015.png
Summary of the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election results in Ourense
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 86,673 44.92 –11.76 2 –1
Socialists' Party of Galicia (PSdeG–PSOE) 44,726 23.18 –4.89 1 ±0
In Tide (PodemosAnovaEU)1 34,357 17.81 +14.93 1 +1
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 15,174 7.86 New 0 ±0
Us–Galician Candidacy (Nós) 6,455 3.35 –5.98 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,749 0.91 –0.49
Total 192,933 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 192,933 98.70 +0.08
Invalid votes 2,542 1.30 –0.08
Votes cast / turnout 195,475 53.48 –3.63
Abstentions 170,038 46.52 +3.63
Registered voters 365,513
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2011 general election[edit]

OurenseMunicipalMapCongress2011.png
Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in Ourense
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 115,796 56.68 +9.39 3 +1
Socialists' Party of Galicia (PSdeG–PSOE) 57,340 28.07 –10.91 1 –1
Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG) 19,054 9.33 –1.51 0 ±0
United LeftThe Greens: Plural Left (EU–V) 4,757 2.33 +1.64 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,857 1.40 +0.66
Total 204,286 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 204,286 98.62 –0.70
Invalid votes 2,854 1.38 +0.70
Votes cast / turnout 207,140 57.11 –11.46
Abstentions 155,539 42.89 +11.46
Registered voters 362,679
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2008 general election[edit]

OurenseMunicipalMapCongress2008.png
Summary of the 9 March 2008 Congress of Deputies election results in Ourense
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 114,433 47.29 –7.98 2 –1
Socialists' Party of Galicia (PSdeG–PSOE) 94,315 38.98 +7.88 2 +1
Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG) 26,235 10.84 –0.06 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,783 0.74 –0.33
Total 241,986 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 241,986 99.32 –0.04
Invalid votes 1,653 0.68 +0.04
Votes cast / turnout 243,639 68.57 +0.54
Abstentions 111,650 31.43 –0.54
Registered voters 355,289
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2004 general election[edit]

OurenseMunicipalMapCongress2004.png
Summary of the 14 March 2004 Congress of Deputies election results in Ourense
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 132,631 55.27 –1.92 3 ±0
Socialists' Party of Galicia (PSdeG–PSOE) 74,636 31.10 +8.02 1 ±0
Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG) 26,153 10.90 –6.06 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,559 1.07 +0.16
Total 239,953 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 239,953 99.36 –0.04
Invalid votes 1,545 0.64 +0.04
Votes cast / turnout 241,498 68.03 +2.85
Abstentions 113,510 31.97 –2.85
Registered voters 355,008
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2000 general election[edit]

OurenseMunicipalMapCongress2000.png
Summary of the 12 March 2000 Congress of Deputies election results in Ourense
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 128,535 57.19 +8.40 3 +1
Socialists' Party of GaliciaProgressives (PSdeG–PSOE–p) 51,864 23.08 –13.18 1 –1
Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG) 38,106 16.96 +4.89 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,037 0.91 +0.22
Total 224,738 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 224,738 99.40 +0.15
Invalid votes 1,367 0.60 –0.15
Votes cast / turnout 226,105 65.18 –5.68
Abstentions 120,783 34.82 +5.68
Registered voters 346,888
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1996 general election[edit]

OurenseMunicipalMapCongress1996.png
Summary of the 3 March 1996 Congress of Deputies election results in Orense
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 112,326 48.79 –0.33 2 ±0
Socialists' Party of Galicia (PSdeG–PSOE) 83,474 36.26 –2.97 2 ±0
Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG) 27,779 12.07 +5.71 0 ±0
United Left–Galician Left (EU–EG) 3,915 1.70 –0.58 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,583 0.69 +0.01
Total 230,222 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 230,222 99.15 –0.36
Invalid votes 1,981 0.85 +0.36
Votes cast / turnout 232,203 70.86 +4.59
Abstentions 95,503 29.14 –4.59
Registered voters 327,706
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1993 general election[edit]

OurenseMunicipalMapCongress1993.png
Summary of the 6 June 1993 Congress of Deputies election results in Orense
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 106,471 49.12 +8.39 2 –1
Socialists' Party of Galicia (PSdeG–PSOE) 85,035 39.23 +3.87 2 ±0
Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG) 13,780 6.36 +3.75 0 ±0
United LeftGalician Unity (EU–UG) 4,952 2.28 +0.32 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 2,570 1.19 –4.38 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,472 0.68 ±0.00
Total 216,771 100.00 4 –1
Valid votes 216,771 99.51 +0.61
Invalid votes 1,061 0.49 –0.61
Votes cast / turnout 217,832 66.27 +10.62
Abstentions 110,858 33.73 –10.62
Registered voters 328,690
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1989 general election[edit]

OurenseMunicipalMapCongress1989.png
Summary of the 29 October 1989 Congress of Deputies election results in Orense
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's PartyCentrists of Galicia (PP–CdG)1 76,707 40.73 +2.20 3 +1
Socialists' Party of Galicia (PSdG–PSOE) 66,592 35.36 +1.56 2 ±0
Galician Coalition (CG) 14,578 7.74 –6.06 0 –1
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 10,486 5.57 +0.07 0 ±0
Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG) 4,921 2.61 +1.01 0 ±0
Galician Nationalist Party–Galicianist Party (PNG–PG) 3,764 2.00 New 0 ±0
United Left (EU) 3,691 1.96 +0.91 0 ±0
Galician Socialist Party–Galician Left (PSG–EG) 2,455 1.30 –0.25 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,276 0.68 +0.18
Total 188,316 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 188,316 98.90 +0.05
Invalid votes 2,099 1.10 –0.05
Votes cast / turnout 190,415 55.65 +4.85
Abstentions 151,737 44.35 –4.85
Registered voters 342,152
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1986 general election[edit]

OurenseMunicipalMapCongress1986.png
Summary of the 22 June 1986 Congress of Deputies election results in Orense
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Coalition (APPDPPL)1 67,128 38.53 +2.93 2 ±0
Socialists' Party of Galicia (PSdG–PSOE) 58,876 33.80 +5.56 2 +1
Galician Coalition (CG) 24,045 13.80 New 1 +1
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 9,584 5.50 +3.57 0 ±0
Independent Electors' Group (ADEI) 3,857 2.21 New 0 ±0
Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG) 2,783 1.60 –0.68 0 ±0
Galician Socialist Party–Galician Left (PSG–EG)2 2,702 1.55 +1.20 0 ±0
Galicianist and United Left Platform (PG–EU)3 1,823 1.05 +0.19 0 ±0
Blank ballots 865 0.50 +0.14
Total 174,211 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 174,211 98.85 +0.11
Invalid votes 2,021 1.15 –0.11
Votes cast / turnout 176,232 50.80 –4.23
Abstentions 170,652 49.20 +4.23
Registered voters 346,884
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1982 general election[edit]

OurenseMunicipalMapCongress1982.png
Summary of the 28 October 1982 Congress of Deputies election results in Orense
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Alliance–People's Democratic Party (APPDP)1 63,801 35.60 +16.84 2 +1
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 52,282 29.17 –23.32 2 –1
Socialists' Party of Galicia (PSdG–PSOE) 50,619 28.24 +12.00 1 ±0
Galician Nationalist BlocGalician Socialist Party (B–PSG)2 4,081 2.28 –5.56 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 3,467 1.93 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 652 0.36 +0.36
Total 179,221 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 179,221 98.74 –1.26
Invalid votes 2,283 1.26 +1.26
Votes cast / turnout 181,504 55.03 +13.67
Abstentions 148,343 44.97 –13.67
Registered voters 329,847
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1979 general election[edit]

OurenseMunicipalMapCongress1979.png
Summary of the 1 March 1979 Congress of Deputies election results in Orense
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 75,271 52.49 –9.24 3 –1
Democratic Coalition (CD)1 26,901 18.76 +5.41 1 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)2 23,292 16.24 +1.69 1 +1
Galician National-Popular Bloc (BNPG) 7,899 5.51 +4.01 0 ±0
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 3,829 2.67 +1.04 0 ±0
Galician Unity (PGPOGPSG)3 3,348 2.33 +0.80 0 ±0
Blank ballots 0 0.00 –0.37
Total 143,391 100.00 5 ±0
Valid votes 143,391 100.00 +1.76
Invalid votes 0 0.00 –1.76
Votes cast / turnout 143,391 41.36 –10.69
Abstentions 203,269 58.64 +10.69
Registered voters 346,660
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1977 general election[edit]

OurenseMunicipalMapCongress1977.png
Summary of the 15 June 1977 Congress of Deputies election results in Orense
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 99,440 61.73 4
People's Alliance (AP) 21,502 13.35 1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 21,079 13.09 0
Christian Democratic Team of the Spanish State (PGSDPPG) 3,384 2.10 0
Spanish Social Reform (RSE) 2,884 1.79 0
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 2,627 1.63 0
Galician Socialist Party (PSG) 2,458 1.53 0
Galician National-Popular Bloc (BNPG) 2,412 1.50 0
People's Socialist PartySocialist Unity (PSP–US) 2,358 1.46 0
Democratic Left Front (FDI) 2,347 1.46 0
Blank ballots 590 0.37
Total 161,081 100.00 5
Valid votes 161,081 98.24
Invalid votes 2,880 1.76
Votes cast / turnout 163,961 52.05
Abstentions 151,072 47.95
Registered voters 315,033
Source: Ministry of the Interior

References[edit]

  1. ^ Political Reform Act of 1977, Law No. 1 of January 4, 1977 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 27 December 2016.
  2. ^ a b Spanish Constitution of 1978, December 29, 1978 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 27 December 2016.
  3. ^ Reig Pellicer, Naiara (16 December 2015). "Spanish elections: Begging for the right to vote". cafebabel.co.uk. Retrieved 17 July 2017. 
  4. ^ "Effective threshold in electoral systems". Trinity College, Dublin. 30 July 2012. Retrieved 22 July 2017. 
  5. ^ a b General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985, Organic Law No. 5 of June 19, 1985 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 28 December 2016.
  6. ^ "Constitution" (PDF). congreso.es. Retrieved 19 June 2017. 
  7. ^ a b "Representation of the people Institutional Act". juntaelectoralcentral.es. Retrieved 16 June 2017. 

Coordinates: 42°10′N 7°30′W / 42.167°N 7.500°W / 42.167; -7.500