Out and back roller coaster

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Drop off the Comet, an out and back roller coaster.

Out and back refers to the layout of a roller coaster. An out and back coaster is one that climbs a lift hill soon after leaving the station, races out to the far end of the track after the initial drop, performs a 180 degree turn and then returns to the station. Some out and back coasters perform more complicated turns at the far end of the track.

This particular design is very popular and is easy to design and construct. With an out and back design the hills on the way "out" usually are quite large and gradually decrease in size. The hills on the way "back" are usually "bunny hops", or small hills created to maximize air-time.

Double out-and-back[edit]

A variation on the theme is to have the track travel from point A to point B, then back to A twice. Examples of this type of ride include the venerable Comet, which was moved from Crystal Beach in Ontario to Great Escape at Queensbury, New York, and the Phoenix at Knoebels' Amusement Resort in Elysburg, Pennsylvania.

Triple out-and-back[edit]

These coasters travel back and forth between A and B thrice; the resulting appearance is often hard to discern from true twisters, which are usually free-form in design. An example of this type of ride is the Coney Island Cyclone.

Quadruple out-and-back and higher[edit]

While no roller coasters of this type are known, they travel between A and B more than thrice. Like triple out-and-backs, they are hard to discern from twisters, and sometimes wild mice.


Coaster Park Year opened Manufacturer
American Eagle Six Flags Great America 1981 Intamin
Apollo's Chariot Busch Gardens Williamsburg 1999 Bolliger & Mabillard
Arkansas Twister Magic Springs and Crystal Falls 1993 Michael Black and Associates
Behemoth Canada's Wonderland 2008 Bolliger & Mabillard
Big Dipper Geauga Lake 1925 National Amusement Device Company
Big One Blackpool Pleasure Beach 1994 Arrow Dynamics
Blue Streak Cedar Point 1964 Philadelphia Toboggan Coasters
Boulder Dash Lake Compounce 2000 Custom Coasters International
Cannon Ball Lake Winnepesaukah 1967 Philadelphia Toboggan Coasters
Cheetah Wild Adventures 2001 Custom Coasters International
Comet Hersheypark 1946 Philadelphia Toboggan Coasters
The Comet Great Escape 1994 Philadelphia Toboggan Coasters
Giant Dipper Santa Cruz Beach Boardwalk 1924 Arthur Looff
GhostRider Knott's Berry Farm 1998 Custom Coasters International
Goliath La Ronde 2006 Bolliger & Mabillard
Goliath Six Flags Over Georgia 2006 Bolliger & Mabillard
Great American Scream Machine Six Flags Over Georgia 1973 Philadelphia Toboggan Coasters
High Roller Valleyfair 1976 Rauerhorst Corporation
Intimidator Carowinds 2010 Bolliger & Mabillard
Jack Rabbit Seabreeze Amusement Park 1920 Harry C. Baker
Judge Roy Scream Six Flags over Texas 1980 William Cobb & Associates
Leviathan Canada's Wonderland 2012 Bolliger & Mabillard
Magnum XL-200 Cedar Point 1989 Arrow Dynamics
Mamba Worlds of Fun 1998 D. H. Morgan Manufacturing
The Mighty Canadian Minebuster Canada's Wonderland 1981 Taft Broadcasting
Millennium Force Cedar Point 2000 Intamin
Nitro Six Flags Great Adventure 2001 Bolliger & Mabillard
Phoenix Knoebels' Amusement Resort 1985 Philadelphia Toboggan Coasters
Predator Darien Lake 1990 Dinn Corporation
The Racer Kings Island 1972 Philadelphia Toboggan Coasters
Rebel Yell Kings Dominion 1975 Philadelphia Toboggan Coasters
Roller Coaster Great Yarmouth Pleasure Beach 1932 Erich Heidrich
Rolling Thunder Six Flags Great Adventure 1979 William Cobb & Associates
Rollo Coaster Idlewild Park 1938 Philadelphia Toboggan Coasters
Screamin' Eagle Six Flags St. Louis 1976 Philadelphia Toboggan Coasters
Shivering Timbers Michigan's Adventure 1998 Custom Coasters International
Tornado Adventureland 1978 Frontier Construction Company
The Voyage Holiday World & Splashin' Safari 2006 The Gravity Group
Wildcat Lake Compounce 1927 Dinn Corporation
Wild Beast Canada's Wonderland 1981 Taft Broadcasting
The Wild One Six Flags America 1986 Dinn Corporation
Wild Thing Valleyfair 1996 D. H. Morgan Manufacturing
Yankee Cannonball Canobie Lake Park 1930 Philadelphia Toboggan Coasters