Outer Harbor railway line
|Outer Harbor railway line|
|Locale||Adelaide, South Australia|
|Re-sleepered (concrete)||2002, November 2009-March 2010|
|Line length||21.9 km (13.6 mi)|
|Number of tracks|
|Track gauge||1,600 mm (5 ft 3 in)|
It runs from Adelaide station through the north western suburbs to Port Adelaide and Outer Harbor. It is 21.9 kilometres in length, and shares part of its run with the Grange line. It is operated by Adelaide Metro.
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Port Adelaide junction was created when the railway was extended to cross the Port River to Le Fevre Peninsula. As industry developed on the west side of the Port River, and deeper harbour was required. Initially, this was at Semaphore, with the railway extended in 1882 as the now-closed Semaphore railway line to service the overseas shipping jetty there. The Outer Harbor was developed and the railway extended from Glanville railway station to service it. The line between Port Adelaide Junction and Glanville was dual gauge until early December 2009 when the standard gauge rails were removed. Outer Harbor had a balloon loop railway so that trains could be turned around without shunting or requiring a turntable or triangle. The loop was cut when rail freight moved off the broad gauge Outer Harbor railway to the nearby standard gauge line on the eastern side of the peninsula.
In January 2017, the line was closed for three weeks alongside the Grange line for the building of an overpass over South Road. Both lines were closed again along with a portion of the Gawler line in April of the same year to work on the Torrens Rail Junction Project.
The line is double track from Adelaide to Midlunga, then single for the final three kilometres to Outer Harbour. The northern section of the line runs along the middle of the narrow Lefevre Peninsula with stations at regular intervals.
Services are operated by 3000 class railcars.
|Outer Harbor||1926||Bus transfer:|
|North Haven||13 September 1981|
|Osborne||30 November 1908||Some peak hour services terminate Here
|Taperoo||30 November 1908||Opened as Silicate Siding, renamed 22 November 1920|
|Largs North||21 August 1916||Opened as Swansea, renamed 1 November 1945|
|Glanville||7 January 1878||Bus transfer:|
|Port Adelaide||1916||Opened as Commercial Road; renamed 1981
|St Clair||23 February 2014|
|Woodville||April 1856||Change for the Grange line
|Woodville Park||December 1936|
|West Croydon||21 December 1915|
|Bowden||April 1856||Change for the Glenelg Tram
Currently closed for city-bound passengers
|Adelaide||April 1856||Change for the Belair, Gawler, Tonsley and Seaford lines
Change for the Glenelg Tram
|Four options for the future of the Outer Harbor and Grange lines, presented as part of a 2016 planning document developing the South Australian Government's AdeLINK proposal.|
Various plans to modify the line have been proposed in the 21st century.
In 2008, the State Government announced a plan to rebuild the Outer Harbour line in preparation for the line to be electrified with the Federal Government also to provide funding. In the 2011 budget, it was announced that electrification of the Outer Harbor line had been deferred until 2016. In June 2012, the project was cancelled.
In May 2016, the State Government announced 1.4 kilometres of the line would be lowered in a grade separation project to pass below the Adelaide to Port Augusta and Gawler Central lines. A new Bowden station will be built as part of the project. In December 2016 the contract was awarded to a consortium of Laing O'Rourke, AECOM and KBR.
As of 2016, the State Government is again considering electrifying the line or converting it to light rail. A 2016 report into potential light rail projects in Adelaide considered two options for the future of the line. The first option would electrify the heavy rail line and provide a short spurline to central Port Adelaide. The second option would convert the line to light rail and add a new on-street branch to Semaphore. A light rail conversion would also require the conversion or closure of the Grange line - several options for the future of that line were also presented.
- Major works kick off to remove one of Adelaide’s worst level crossings Premier of South Australia 2 January 2017
- Outer Harbor & Grange line closure January 2 - January 23 2017 Department of Planning, Transport & Infrastructure
- Outer Harbor, Grange and Gawler rail line closures
- Outer Harbor & Grange timetable Adelaide Metro 23 February 2014
- 2008/09 State Budget South Australian Department of Treasury & Finance June 2008
- Martin, Sarah (10 June 2011). "SA State Budget 11 - $200m in rail revitalisation work delayed". Adelaide Advertiser. Retrieved 2011-06-10.
- South Australia cuts back Adelaide electrification International Railway Journal 8 June 2012
- Torrens Rail Junction Project Department of Transport, Planning & Infrastructure
- Adelaide rail upgrade project to separate passenger and freight lines on Outer Harbor line ABC News 6 May 2016
- Torrens Rail Junction Upgrade Laing O'Rourke 19 December 2016
- "AdeLINK Multi-Criteria Analysis Summary Report" (PDF). Department of Transport, Planning and Infrastructure. 2016. pp. 11–13.
- Rails Through Swamp and Sand – A History of the Port Adelaide Railway. M. Thompson pub. Port Dock Station Railway Museum (1988) ISBN 0-9595073-6-1