Outerbridge Horsey

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There are at least seven Outerbridge Horseys.

Outerbridge Horsey I[edit]

Nathanial Horsey (born 12 October 1689 at Manokin, Somerset County, Maryland) married Martha Outerbridge (from Bermuda) in Accomack, Virginia. Nathaniel was the son of Nathaniel Horsey and Sarah Revell and the grandson of Stephen Horsey and Sarah Williams. Stephen arrived in Northamption County, VA from England c. 1643 and was an early settler and leader in Somerset County, MD. Among the children of Nathaniel and Martha Horsey was Outerbridge Horsey who was born in 1715. He married Mary Dixon and had five sons: Nathaniel, Outerbridge, Stephen, Isaac and William. Outerbridge Horsey died before 3 November 1785 in Somerset County, MD.

Outerbridge Horsey II[edit]

He was the son of Outerbridge Horsey I (and brother of William Horsey who married Eleanor Wailes). He was born in Rehobeth, Coventry Parish, Somerset County, Maryland on 4 Mar 1751. He lived in Ohio with his brother Stephen.

Outerbridge Horsey III[edit]

Outerbridge Horsey
Seal of the United States Senate.svg
U. S. Senator from Delaware
In office
January 12, 1810 – March 3, 1821
Preceded by Samuel White [1]
Succeeded by Caesar A. Rodney [2]
Member of the Delaware House of Representatives
In office
January 6, 1801 - January 3, 1804
Personal details
Born (1777-03-05)March 5, 1777
Sussex County, Delaware
Died June 9, 1842(1842-06-09) (aged 65)
Frederick County, Maryland
Political party Federalist
Spouse(s) Eliza Lee
Residence Georgetown, Delaware
Wilmington, Delaware
Profession lawyer

Outerbridge Horsey III (March 5, 1777 – June 9, 1842), was the son of William Horsey and Eleanor Wailes. He was an American lawyer and politician from Wilmington, in New Castle County, Delaware. He was a member of the Federalist Party, who served in the Delaware General Assembly, as Delaware Attorney General and as United States Senator from Delaware.

Early life and family[edit]

Horsey was born March 5, 1777 in Little Creek Hundred, near Laurel, Delaware. First living in Georgetown, Delaware, he moved to Wilmington, and studied the law there under James A. Bayard, who remained his lifelong political mentor. He was admitted to the New Castle County bar in December 1807, and began a practice in Wilmington. He married Eliza Lee, daughter of Thomas Lee of Maryland.

Political career[edit]

After representing Sussex County in the State House from the 1801 session through the 1803 session, Horsey was appointed Attorney General of Delaware and served from 1806 to 1810.

In 1810 he was elected to the U.S. Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of U.S. Senator Samuel White. He was reelected in 1814, and served from January 12, 1810,[3] to March 3, 1821. While in the Senate he strongly opposed the War of 1812, but once it began, supported it equally strongly. Accordingly, he became a member of the Committee of Safety and was actively involved in preparing the defenses of Wilmington and Fort Union there. In March 1814 Horsey presented a petition from the citizens of Delaware to repeal the Embargo Act of 1807, but while able to get the appointment of a committee to consider the repeal, was ultimately unsuccessful.

Several years later, he parted ways with the Delaware General Assembly which had passed a resolution asking Delaware's congressmen to vote against any extension of slavery. Horsey did not feel U.S. Congress had the right to prohibit slavery in Missouri, or anywhere else in the Louisiana Purchase, and so supported the Missouri Compromise. Understanding the unpopularity of this position he did not seek reelection when his term ended. During the 16th Congress, he served as Chairman of the Committee on the District of Columbia.

Death and legacy[edit]

Horsey died June 9, 1842 at Needwood, his wife's estate near Petersville in Frederick County, Maryland and is buried in St. John’s Cemetery, Frederick, Maryland.

A frequent supporter of education, Horsey, early in his career, urged the establishment of a library in Georgetown, and later was appointed a trustee of the College of Wilmington.

Public offices[edit]

Elections were held the first Tuesday of October. Members of the State House took office on the first Tuesday of January for a term of one year. The General Assembly chose the U.S Senators, who took office March 4 and served for a six-year term.

Office Type Location Elected Took Office Left Office notes
State Representative Legislature Dover 1800 January 6, 1801 January 5, 1802
State Representative Legislature Dover 1801 January 5, 1802 January 4, 1803
State Representative Legislature Dover 1802 January 4, 1803 January 3, 1804
State Attorney General Executive Dover 1806 1810
U.S. Senator Legislature Washington January 12, 1810 March 3, 1815 class 1
U.S. Senator Legislature Washington March 4, 1815 March 3, 1821 class 1

Outerbridge Horsey IV[edit]

He was the son of the above and was born on 28 February 1819 in Delaware. He married Anna Carroll, a descendant of the Catholic settlers who crossed the Atlantic in 1633 aboard The Ark and The Dove. He was a lawyer and distiller, at Needwood estate near Burkitsville in Western Maryland. He started distilling at the age of 19 producng Horsey Pure Rye and a special brand called Golden Gate, the latter being aged by loading barrels of it aboard ships and sending it around Cape Horn to San Francisco and then back to Maryland by train. He died in 1902 and the distillery closed soon afterwards, though later Old Horsey was re-introduced.

Outerbridge Horsey V[edit]

A son of the above, he was born on 4 December 1875 in Maryland. He married Mary Digges Lee (born 29 September 1881) and lived in New York City where he practiced law. They had seven children, all of whom were educated in England. He died 26 October 1931 and his wife on 10 May 1974, being buried at Petersville, Fredrick County.

Outerbridge Horsey VI[edit]

Early life and family[edit]

The son of Outerbridge Horsey V, he was born on 1 October 1910 in New York City. He was educated at Downside School, Bath, England and obtained a BA at Trinity College, Cambridge University in 1931. He then was granted a ScB at MIT in 1933. He married Mary Hamilton Lee (born October 1915) in Baltimore at the Baltimore Basilica. They had four children.


He was a special assistant at the US National Emergency Council from 1934 to 1936, then a Vice Consul in the State Department (at Naples 1938-39, Budapest 1940-41, Madrid 1942-47) and First Secretary-Consul at Rome from 1947 to 1955. He was deputy director of the Office of British Commonwealth and North European Affairs from 1954-5 and Director from 1955-5. He became Minister-Counselor at Tokyo from 1956 to 1958, Deputy Chief of Mission in Rome from 1960-1963 and Ambassador to Czechoslovakia between 1963 and 1966. Wishing to return once again to Italy his final post was as Consul General in Palermo, Sicily. He retired in 1971.

"I am the sixth Outerbridge Horsey and my unhappy son is the seventh. In fact, the only trouble with any new post is explaining the name to people" (Time, 30 November 1962).


He died on 18 August 1983.

Outerbridge Horsey VII[edit]

He is an architect and is the principal of Outerbridge Horsey Associates, PLLC, an award-winning firm serving the mid-Atlantic regain and specializing in custom residential and institutional architecture. He was born in Washington, DC and is married to Georgina Owen. They live in Georgetown, DC with their greyhound.


  1. ^ this seat was vacant from November 4, 1809 until January 12, 1810.
  2. ^ this seat was vacant from March 4, 1821 until January 23, 1822.
  3. ^ seated January 29, 1810.


  • DePuydt, Peter J. (Spring 2009). "Free at Last, Someday: Senator Outerbridge Horsey and Manumission in the Nineteenth Century". Pennsylvania History: A Journal of Mid-Atlantic Studies 76: 164–178. 
  • Martin, Roger A. (1995). Memoirs of the Senate. Newark, DE: Roger A. Martin. 
  • Munroe, John A. (1954). Federalist Delaware 1775-1815. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University. 
  • Wilson, W. Emerson (1969). Forgotten Heroes of Delaware. Cambridge, MA: Deltos Publishing Company. 

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