Outline of the Åland Islands

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The location of Åland
An enlargeable map of the Autonomous State of Åland

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the Åland Islands:

Åland Islandsautonomous, demilitarized, monolingually Swedish-speaking administrative province, region and historical province of the Republic of Finland.[1] The Åland Islands form an archipelago in the Baltic Sea at the entrance to the Gulf of Bothnia. The Åland Islands are the smallest province of Finland. Due to the Åland Islands' autonomous status, the powers exercised at the provincial level by representatives of the central state administration in the rest of Finland are largely exercised by the Government of the Åland Islands.

General reference[edit]

Geography of Åland[edit]

An enlargeable topographic/hydrographic map of the Åland Islands

Environment of Åland[edit]

An enlargeable satellite image showing the Åland Islands at the mouth of the Gulf of Bothnia (upper left)
  • World Heritage Sites in Åland: None

Geographic features of Åland[edit]

Regions of Åland[edit]

Fasta Åland — Ninety per cent of the population of Åland live on Fasta Åland (the Main Island), which is also the site of the capital town of Mariehamn.

Administrative divisions of Åland[edit]

Municipalities of Åland[edit]

Demography of Åland[edit]

Government and politics of Åland[edit]

Branches of the government of Åland[edit]

Executive branch of the government of Åland[edit]

Legislative branch of the government of Åland[edit]

Judicial branch of the government of Åland[edit]

Foreign relations of Åland[edit]

International organization membership[edit]

Law and order in Åland[edit]

Military of Åland[edit]

  • Military status of Åland — Åland is both demilitarized and neutralized by international treaty: it may not militarize, be militarized, nor participate in war.
  • Forces: none
  • Military bases: none

History of Åland[edit]

Culture of Åland[edit]

  • Architecture of Åland
  • Bomarsund — nineteenth-century fortress in Sund
  • Kastelholm Castle — a Swedish-built[2] medieval castle located off Road 2[3] in Sund, approximately 25 km (16 mi) northeast of Mariehamn, overlooking a fjord to the south of the village of Kastelholm.[4][5][6] Built in the 14th century, and held in fief during the Middle Ages by various nobles,[7] feudal chiefs, and kings,[8] it had significant period in the 15th and 16th centuries.
  • Art in Åland
  • Paf — a Finnish company that operates a legal gambling monopoly on the Åland Islands.
  • Museums of Åland
  • National symbols of Åland
  • World Heritage Sites in Åland: None

Economy and infrastructure of Åland[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Finland". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. July 2, 2009. Retrieved July 23, 2009. 
  2. ^ Aarons, Felice (2006). Fodor's Scandinavia. Random House, Inc. p. 554. ISBN 1-4000-1642-8. 
  3. ^ Symington, Andy (2009). Lonely Planet Finland. Lonely Planet. p. 252. ISBN 1-74104-771-4. 
  4. ^ Johnstone, Sarah (2007). Europe on a shoestring. Lonely Planet. p. 358. ISBN 1-74104-591-6. 
  5. ^ Google Maps (Map). Google. 
  6. ^ Bing Maps (Map). Microsoft and Harris Corporation Earthstar Geographics LLC. 
  7. ^ Rothery, Agnes (2007). Finland – The New Nation. READ BOOKS. p. 218. ISBN 1-4067-0555-1. 
  8. ^ Clark University; JSTOR (1939). Economic geography. 15–16. Worcester, Mass. p. 35. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Atlas of Åland