is a Union of the Comoros sovereign island nation located in the Indian Ocean off the eastern coast of Africa on the northern end of the Mozambique Channel between northern Madagascar and northeastern Mozambique. The nearest countries to the Comoros are Mozambique, [1 ] Tanzania, Madagascar, and the Seychelles. At 2,235 km² (863 sq mi) the Comoros is the third smallest African nation by area; and with a population estimated at 798,000 it is the sixth smallest African nation by population (though it has one of the highest population densities in Africa), and is the southern most member state of the [2 ] Arab League. Its name derives from the Arabic word ("moon"). qamar [3 ]
The country officially consists of the four islands in the
volcanic Comoros archipelago: Ngazidja ( French: ), Grande Comore Mwali ( French: ), Mohéli Nzwani ( French: ), and Anjouan Mahoré ( French: ), as well as many smaller islands. Mayotte [4 ] However, the government of the Union of the Comoros (or its predecessors since independence) has never administered the island of Mayotte, which [5 ] France considers an overseas community and still administers. Since Mayotte was the only island in the archipelago that voted against independence from France, and France has vetoed United Nations Security Council resolutions that would affirm Comorian sovereignty over the island, [6 ] control was never passed to the Comoros. [7 ]
The country is notable for its diverse culture and history, as a nation formed at the crossroads of many civilizations. It has three official languages—
Comorian ( Shikomor), Arabic, and French, and it is the only state to be a member of each of the African Union, Francophonie, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, Arab League, and Indian Ocean Commission, among other international organizations. However it has had a troubled history since independence in 1975, marked by an inordinate number of coups d'état.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Comoros
General reference [ edit ]
An enlargeable basic map of the
Geography of Comoros [ edit ]
Environment of Comoros [ edit ]
An enlargeable satellite image of the
Natural geographic features of Comoros [ edit ]
Regions of Comoros [ edit ]
Main article: Regions of Comoros
Ecoregions of Comoros [ edit ]
Main article: Ecoregions in Comoros
Administrative divisions of Comoros [ edit ]
Municipalities of Comoros [ edit ]
Demography of Comoros [ edit ]
Main article: Demographics of Comoros
Government and politics of Comoros [ edit ]
Main article: Government of Comoros and Politics of Comoros
Branches of government [ edit ]
Executive branch of the government of Comoros [ edit ]
Legislative branch of the government of Comoros [ edit ]
Judicial branch of the government of Comoros [ edit ]
Foreign relations of Comoros [ edit ]
International organization membership [ edit ]
The Union of the Comoros is a member of:
Law and order in Comoros [ edit ]
Main article: Law of Comoros
Military of Comoros [ edit ]
Main article: Military of Comoros
Local government in Comoros [ edit ]
History of Comoros [ edit ]
Main article: History of Comoros, Timeline of the history of Comoros, and Current events of Comoros
Culture of Comoros [ edit ]
Main article: Culture of Comoros
Art in Comoros [ edit ]
Sports in Comoros [ edit ]
Main article: Sports in Comoros
Economy and infrastructure of Comoros [ edit ]
Main article: Economy of Comoros
Education in Comoros [ edit ]
Main article: Education in Comoros
Health in Comoros [ edit ]
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ a b "Comoros". . The World Factbook United States Central Intelligence Agency. July 13, 2009 . Retrieved July 23, 2009.
^ "UN Demographic Yearbook" (PDF).
^ "Comores Online.com - reference to the history of the name".
^ The first UN General Assembly Resolution regarding the matter, " Question of the Comorian island of Mayotte (PDF)," United Nations General Assembly Resolution A/RES/31/4, (21 October 1976) states "the occupation by France of the Comorian island of Mayotte constitutes a flagrant encroachment on the national unity of the Comorian State, a Member of the United Nations," rejecting the French-administered referendums and condemning French presence in Mayotte.
^ As defined by the Organization of African Unity, the Movement of Non-Aligned Countries, the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, and the United Nations General Assembly: the most recent UN General Assembly Resolution regarding the matter, "Question of the Comorian island of Mayotte," United Nations General Assembly Resolution A/RES/49/18, (6 December 1994) states "the results of the referendum of 22 December 1974 were to be considered on a global basis and not island by island,...Reaffirms the sovereignty of the Islamic Federal Republic of the Comoros over the island of Mayotte". Several resolutions expressing similar sentiments were passed between 1977 (31/4) and 1994 (49/18).
^ "Subjects of UN Security Council Vetoes". Global Policy Forum . Retrieved 2008-03-27.
^ "Article 33" (PDF). UN Treaty.
^ The only glaciers in Africa are on Mt Kenya (in Kenya), on Kilimanjaro (in Tanzania), and in the Ruwenzori Mountains (which are located in Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo). See Proceedings of the Riederalp Workshop, September 1978; Actes de l'Atelier de Riederalp, septembre 1978): IAHS-AISH Publ. no. 126, 1980.
External links [ edit ]
Wikimedia Atlas of Comoros