Outline of Islam

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Islam is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion teaching that there is only one God (Allah)[1] and that Muhammad is a messenger of God.[2][3]

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Islam.

Beliefs[edit]

Aqidah[edit]

Sunni / Ibadi / Ahmadiyya

Shia Twelvers

Shia Ismaili

Prophets[edit]

Part of a series on
Muhammad
Muhammad

Scripture[edit]

Denominational specifics[edit]

Practice[edit]

Denominational specifics[edit]

Schools and branches[edit]

Islam by country              Sunni              Shias      Ibadi
Distribution of Sunni and Shia branches of Islamic schools of jurisprudence

Philosophy and theology[edit]

Law[edit]

History[edit]

History of Islam by topic[edit]

Society[edit]

Places[edit]

Culture[edit]

Politics[edit]

Muslim world[edit]

The Muslim population of the world map by percentage of each country, according to the Pew Forum (assessed on 29 June 2014).

People[edit]

Key religious figures[edit]

Prophets and messengers in the Qur'an
Name Prophet Messenger Ulul'Azm Book Sent to Law (Sharia) Judeo-Christian Equivalent Chronological Order
Harun [4] Aaron 15
Ibrahim [5] [6] [7] Scrolls of Abraham[8] The people of Ibrahim[9] [10] Abraham 6
Adam/Aadam [11] Adam 1
Da'ud [12] Zabur (Psalms)[13] David 17
Ilias [12] [14] The people of Elias[15] Elijah 19
Alyasa [12] Elisha 20
Idris [16] Enoch 2
Dhul-Kifl [17] Ezekiel 16
Hud [18] [18] ʿĀd[19] Eber 4
Is'haq [20] Isaac 9
Isma'il [21] [21] Ishmael 8
Yaqub [20] Jacob 10
Shuaib [22] [22] Midian[23] Jethro 13
Isa [24] [25] [26][27] Injil (Gospel)[28] The people of Israel[29] [10] Jesus 24
Ayyub [30] Job 12
Yahya [31] John the Baptist 23
Yusuf [30] [32] Joseph 11
Younis [12] [33] The people of Younis[34] Jonah 21
Lut [35] [36] The people of Lot[37] Lot 7
Nuh [12] [38] [26][27] The people of Noah[39] [10] Noah 3
Muhammad [40][41] [42] [7] Quran[43] Whole Mankind and Jinn[44] [10] 25
Musa [45] [45] [26][27] Tawrah (Torah)[46] Pharaoh and his establishment[47] [10] Moses 14
Saleh [48] [48] Thamud[49] Salah 5
Sulaiman [12] Solomon 18
Zakariyyah [12] Zechariah 22

Muhammad[edit]

Sahabah[edit]

Umar[edit]
Uthman[edit]

Denominational specifics[edit]

Sunni Islam[edit]

  • List of Sunni Islamic scholars by schools of jurisprudence
Barelvi[edit]

Shia Islam[edit]

  • List of Shia Imams
Imami Twelver[edit]
Imami Ismailism[edit]
Alevism[edit]

Key figures

Ahmadiyya[edit]

Islamism[edit]

Key ideologues

Salafi movement[edit]

Sufism[edit]

List of Muslims by topic[edit]

Historical[edit]

  • List of honored women in Islam
  • List of Ayyubid sultans and emirs
  • List of Mamluk sultans
  • List of Ghaznavid sultans
  • Grand Viziers of the Safavid Empire
  • Viziers of the Samanid Empire

Denominational / religious-related occupational[edit]

Professional[edit]

Regional[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ quran.com: [1]
  2. ^ John L. Esposito (2009). "Islam. Overview". In John L. Esposito. The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World. Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Subscription required (help)). Profession of Faith [...] affirms Islam's absolute monotheism and acceptance of Muḥammad as the messenger of God, the last and final prophet. 
  3. ^ F. E. Peters (2009). "Allāh". In John L. Esposito. The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World. Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Subscription required (help)). the Muslims' understanding of Allāh is based [...] on the Qurʿān's public witness. Allāh is Unique, the Creator, Sovereign, and Judge of humankind. It is Allāh who directs the universe through his direct action on nature and who has guided human history through his prophets, Abraham, with whom he made his covenant, Moses, Jesus, and Muḥammad, through all of whom he founded his chosen communities, the "Peoples of the Book." 
  4. ^ Quran 19:53
  5. ^ Quran 19:41
  6. ^ Quran 9:70
  7. ^ a b Quran 2:124
  8. ^ Quran 87:19
  9. ^ Quran 22:43
  10. ^ a b c d e Quran 42:13
  11. ^ Quran 2:31
  12. ^ a b c d e f g Quran 6:89
  13. ^ Quran 17:55
  14. ^ Quran 37:123
  15. ^ Quran 37:124
  16. ^ Quran 19:56
  17. ^ Quran 21:85–86
  18. ^ a b Quran 26:125
  19. ^ Quran 7:65
  20. ^ a b Quran 19:49
  21. ^ a b Quran 19:54
  22. ^ a b Quran 26:178
  23. ^ Quran 7:85
  24. ^ Quran 19:30
  25. ^ Quran 4:171
  26. ^ a b c Quran 46:35
  27. ^ a b c Quran 33:7
  28. ^ Quran 57:27
  29. ^ Quran 61:6
  30. ^ a b Quran 4:89
  31. ^ Quran 3:39
  32. ^ Quran 40:34
  33. ^ Quran 37:139
  34. ^ Quran 10:98
  35. ^ Quran 6:86
  36. ^ Quran 37:133
  37. ^ Quran 7:80
  38. ^ Quran 26:107
  39. ^ Quran 26:105
  40. ^ Page 50 "As early as Ibn Ishaq (85-151 AH) the biographer of Muhammad, the Muslims identified the Paraclete - referred to in John's ... "to give his followers another Paraclete that may be with them forever" is none other than Muhammad."
  41. ^ Quran 33:40
  42. ^ Quran 33:40
  43. ^ Quran 42:7
  44. ^ Quran 7:158
  45. ^ a b Quran 19:51
  46. ^ Quran 53:36
  47. ^ Quran 43:46
  48. ^ a b Quran 26:143
  49. ^ Quran 7:73


External links[edit]