Outline of Middle-earth

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The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide about Tolkien's fantasy universe:

Middle-earth – fictional setting of the majority of author J. R. R. Tolkien's fantasy writings. The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings take place entirely in Middle-earth, as does much of The Silmarillion and Unfinished Tales. The term Middle-earth is also a nickname of the entirety of Tolkien's creation, instead of the more appropriate, but less known terms Arda which refers to Tolkien's world (including celestial bodies), and , which refers to the universe.

Nature of Middle-earth[edit]

Middle-earth can be described as:

General reference[edit]


Published works[edit]


Cosmology of Eä[edit]

Geography of Middle-earth[edit]

The stories mostly take place in Beleriand, Eriador, and Rhovanion, but there are many other places in Middle-earth.

See also Aman, Númenor for places outside Middle-earth.

Nations and large regions[edit]

First Age only:

Present after the First Age:

See also Regions of Gondor, Realms of Arda.

Natural features[edit]

Middle-earth was carefully designed by Tolkien, and contains many natural features such as rivers, mountains, and seas.

Large waters[edit]

First Age only:

Present after the First Age:

Mountains and Hills[edit]

First Age only:

Present after the First Age:


First Age only:

See also the Seven rivers of Ossiriand

Present after the First Age:

See also Rivers of Gondor

For a full list of rivers, see: List of Middle-earth rivers.

Cities, fortresses and other populated places[edit]

First Age only:

Present after the First Age:

See also Settlements of Gondor


History of Middle-earth[edit]

Historical periods[edit]

A more detailed list can be found at Ages of Middle-earth.

  1. Years of the Lamps
  2. Years of the Trees
  3. Years of the Sun
  4. Ages of the Children of Ilúvatar
    1. First Age
    2. Second Age
    3. Third Age
    4. Fourth Age

Named weapons[edit]





See Timeline of Middle-earth.


What follows is a brief and inevitably incomplete listing of characters from Tolkien's work who lived in Middle-earth, divided into First Age, Second Age, and Third Age. Note that characters are sorted according to several groups, and may appear multiple times. For a full list of characters see: List of Middle-earth characters.

First Age[edit]

House of Finwë

Sons of Fëanor

House of Fingolfin

House of Finarfin

House of Elwë and Olwë

House of Bëor

House of Marach

Descendants of Lúthien and Beren

Descendants of Idril and Tuor

Haladin of Brethil


For a list of the Valar, see that article.

Second Age[edit]

Kings of Númenor: see Kings of Númenor

Sauron, a.k.a. Annatar

Ringwraiths or Nazgûl

Third Age[edit]

Thorin and Company

(13 Dwarves, 1 Hobbit, and 1 Wizard)

The Fellowship of the Ring

(4 Hobbits, 2 Men, 1 Wizard, 1 Elf, and 1 Dwarf)

Kings of Gondor: see Kings of Gondor

Kings of Arnor: see Kings of Arnor

Kings of Arthedain: see Kings of Arthedain

Chiefs of the Rangers of Arnor: see Chiefs of the Dúnedain

Stewards of Gondor: see Stewards of Gondor

Kings of Rohan: see Kings of Rohan

Wizards or Istari:

Dwarves of Durin's folk: see Durin's folk

Other characters


Culture of Middle-earth[edit]


Major languages[edit]

Folklore of Middle-earth[edit]


Love Stories[edit]



See also[edit]

For a list of Middle-earth related articles by name, see: Lists of Middle-earth articles.

External links[edit]