Outline of Sikhism

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The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Sikhism:

Sikhismmonotheistic religion founded in the fifteenth century upon the teachings of Guru Nanak and ten succeeding Gurus (the last one being the sacred text Guru Granth Sahib), emphasizing universal, selfless love and brotherhood. "Only those who selflessly love everyone, they alone shall find God". Guru Granth Sahib teaches the humans how to unite with the all cosmic soul, with the creator. It is the fifth-largest organized religion in the world[1] and one of the fastest-growing.[2]

Sikh scripture[edit]

Sikh religious philosophy[edit]

Sikh philosophy

Sikh Practices[edit]

Sikh ceremonies[edit]

Sikh festivals[edit]

Sikh geography[edit]

Map of Ranjit Singh's empire at its peak.
Harmandir Sahib (the Golden Temple) at night, in Amritsar, India

Sikhism by country[edit]


The Harmandir Sahib, Sikh Gurdwara and spiritual centre at Amritsar, India.



Gurdwaras in India[edit]

Gurdwaras in Canada[edit]

Gurdwaras in the United States[edit]

Gurdwaras in Pakistan[edit]

Gurdwaras in Hong Kong[edit]

Gurdwaras in Malaysia[edit]

Gurdwaras in Singapore[edit]

Sikh politics[edit]

Nature of Sikhism[edit]

The Khanda is the symbol of Sikhism.

Baptised or Khalsa Sikhs wear the Five Ks:

History of Sikhism[edit]

History of Sikhism

Sikh culture[edit]

Sikh people[edit]

Sikh man in turban

Sikh Gurus[edit]

According to the traditional historical Sikh sources Guru Nanak Dev appeared on earth in the month of Katak Oct/November 1469 which is celebrated every year in the month of October/November. The SGPC which was founded in 1925, states the avtar date as 15 April 1469. The Sikhs believe that all subsequent Gurus possessed Guru Nanak’s divinity and the one spirit of Akaal Purakh Waheguru.

    • Guru Angad Dev (1504 – 1552) – disciple of Guru Nanak Dev and second of the ten Sikh Gurus.
    • Guru Amar Das (1469 – 1574) – third of the ten Sikh Gurus.
    • Guru Ram Das ( 1534 – 1581) – fourth of the ten Sikh Gurus.
    • Guru Arjan Dev (1563 – 1605) – fifth of the ten Sikh Gurus, He was arrested and executed by Jahangir in 1605.[8]
    • Guru Har Gobind (1596 – 1638) – son of Guru Arjan Dev and the sixth of the ten Sikh Gurus.
    • Guru Har Rai (1630 – 1661) – grandson of Guru Har Gobind and seventh of the ten Sikh Gurus.
    • Guru Har Krishan (1656 – 1664) – son of Guru Har Rai and eighth of the ten Sikh Gurus.
    • Guru Tegh Bahadur (1621 – 1675) – grand uncle of Guru Har Krishan and ninth of the ten Sikh Gurus. He was executed on the orders of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb in Delhi.[9]
    • Guru Gobind Singh(1666-1708) – son of Guru Tegh Bahadur and tenth of the ten Sikh Gurus, He named the holy scripture, as his successor
    • Guru Granth Sahib – the spiritual religious text of Sikhism, said to be the sole and final successor of the line of gurus. It is the eternal living Guru.[10] the final and eternal guru of the Sikhs.[11]

Other esteemed Sikh individuals[edit]

Sikh education[edit]

Sikh humanities[edit]

Sikh literature[edit]

Category:Sikh literature

General concepts[edit]

  • Bani – verses. An abbreviation of Gurbani, applied to any of the writings which appear in the Guru Granth Sahib.
  • Brahmgiani – highly enlightened individual who has obtained the ultimate blessings of Waheguru.
  • Brahmavidya – Knowledge of the divine
  • Bhagat Bani – Any of the writings which appear in the Guru Granth Sahib which were not written by the Gurus.
  • Daan – Charity. One of the 3 petitions - Naam, Daan, Ishnan.
  • Dasband (daswand) – 10% of earnings donated to the less advantaged.
  • Dastar – Turban (Pugree). It is an inseparable part of Sikh dress and is mandatory for a Sikh to tie his turban according to Sri Guru Granth Sahib and the Sikh 'Code of Conduct'.
  • Dharam di Kirat – to earn an honest living.
  • Diet in Sikhism
  • Ek Onkar
  • Gatka – Sikh martial art
  • Gurbani – Collective writings of the Sikh Gurus. (See bani.)
  • Gurdwara, gurudwara – Place of worship, meaning "God's door", or God's place
  • Gurmukh – Person who is spiritually centered. (See manmukh.) A person who lives within the will of God and accepts all good and bad that happens to one's self without question or annoyance.
  • Gurmukhi – The written form of Punjabi used in the Sikh scriptures propagated by Guru Nanak and Guru Angad. Gurmukhi script is also called 'Paintis Akhri' because it contains thirty-five letters.
  • Harmandir Sahib
  • History of the Punjab
  • Ik Onkar
  • Ishnan – Purity of mind and body. One of the three petitions - Naam, Daan, Ishnan.
  • Jap – Recite.
  • Japji Sahib – The first 8 pages of the Siri Guru Granth Sahib (Sikh holy scripture), consisting of hymns composed by Guru Nanak.
  • Jayadeva in Sikhism - Wrote two hymns that are in the guru granth.
  • Kakke – Panj (5) K's that must be worn by Sikhs.
  • Kaur – Princess. Female Sikh middle name or surname
  • Khalsa – Pure - must carry panj kakkar
  • Khalsa Panth
  • Khanda - A symbol of the Sikh faith (as well as being an Indian-double edged sword); also appearing on the Nishan Sahib which flies over gurdwaras.
  • Kirat karō (kirat karni) – One of the three primary pillars of Sikhism, the others being Naam Japo and Wand kay Shako. The term means to earn an honest, pure and dedicated living.
  • Kirtan
  • Kurahit kurahat – The cardinal sins for the Sikhs. These are cutting, trimming, shaving or removing hairs from one’s body, eating kuttha meat, using tobacco or any other intoxicant in any form or committing adultery.
  • Laavaan
  • Manmukh – A self-centered person, contrast gurmukh. A person who lives within the will of the Mind as opposed to the will of god.
  • Mela Maghi
  • Mul Mantra – Basic statement of creed.
  • Naam – Name. Remembrance of the divine name.
  • Nām Japō, Naam japna – Recitation and meditation on the Naam of the Lord.
  • Nanakshahi calendar
  • Nirankari
  • Nitnem – Daily prayers which begin with Japji Sahib and are written in a Gutka (prayerbook).
  • Panj dokh – The 5 thieves/betrayers. Ahankar (pride), Kam (lust), Krodh (anger), Lobh (greed) and Moh (worldly attachment)
  • Panj Kakke – The Five K's; the five external symbols worn by both male and female Sikhs. The name of each symbol starts with the letter k (kakka); kaccha, kanga, kara, kesh and kirpan.
  • Panj virtues – Daya (compassion), Nimrata (humility), Pyaar (love), Santokh (contentment) and Sat (truth).
  • Panj weapons – Chardi Kala (positive energy), Daan (charity), Dayan (kindness) Nimarta (humility), Santokh (contentment)
  • Panj – The number 5
  • Patit – Apostate
  • Sangat – Society (congregation) see Panth.
  • Sarbat da Bhalla – Welfare of mankind (sarbat = mankind, bhalla = welfare)
  • Sarbloh Warriors - a computer game based around Sikh resistance against Mughal rule
  • Sardar
  • Satguru
  • SGPC (Shiromani Gurudwara Prabhandak Committee) –
  • Shabad, Śábda – The hymns contained in Sikh scriptures.
  • Shaheed – Title used before the name of a person who has died as a Sikh martyr.
  • Sikh
  • Sikh Bhagats
  • Sikh Empire
  • Sikh Light Infantry
  • Sikh Regiment
  • Simran – Simran is the remembrance of Waheguru. Guru Nanak formed a new type of Bakti beginning with Simran and Jap of Waheguru Gurmantar.
  • Singh Sabha
  • Singh – Lion. Male Sikh middle or surname title.
  • Sloka – Stanza. The Sanskrit epic metre formed of thirty-two syllables – verses of two lines (distich) of sixteen syllables each or in four half-lines (hemistich) of each syllables each. Japu (recitation) comprises an introductory sloka, 38 stanzas traditionally called pauris and a concluding sloka attributed by some to Guru Angad.
  • Sukhmani – the Psalm of Peace.
  • Takht
  • Takhat
  • Tankhah – Salary, payment also social offense - He is not to commit any of the social offences (Tankhah), such as giving dowry, using liquors and intoxicants, raising monuments over graves and associating with apostates.
  • Turban – Dastar (Pugree). It is an inseparable part of Sikh dress and is mandatory for a Sikh to tie his turban according to Sri Guru Granth Sahib and the Sikh 'Code of Conduct'.
  • Udasis
  • Waheguru (ਵਾਹਗੁਰੂ) – Wondrous enlightener, illuminator lord, which removes the darkness of ignorance and grants the light of

truth, knowledge and awareness.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Adherents.com. "Religions by adherents" (PHP). Retrieved 2007-02-09.
  2. ^ "The List: The World's -Growing Religions". Foreign Policy. Foreign Policy. Archived from the original on 26 May 2012. Retrieved 5 November 2010.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  3. ^ Colonist, Times (2008-03-11). "Sikh separatists in Canada concern Indian government". Canada.com. Retrieved 2010-01-22.
  4. ^ "25 years on, few takers for Khalistan in Canada". Thaindian.com. Retrieved 2010-01-22.
  5. ^ The foreign policy of Pakistan: ethnic impacts on diplomacy, 1971–1994. ISBN 1-86064-169-5. Mehtab Ali Shah: "Such is the political, psychological and religious attachment of the Sikhs to that city that a Khalistan without Lahore would be like a Germany without Berlin."
  6. ^ Amritsar to Lahore: a journey across the India-Pakistan border. Stephen Alter. ISBN 0-8122-1743-8 "Ever since the separatist movement gathered force in the 1980s, Pakistan has sided with the Sikhs, even though the territorial ambitions of Khalistan include Lahore and sections of the Punjab on both sides of the border."
  7. ^ Guru Nanak may be referred to by many other names and titles such as "Satguru Nanak Dev", "Guru Nanak Dev" or "Baba Nanak" .
  8. ^ N. Jayapalan (2001). History of India. Atlantic. p. 160. ISBN 978-81-7156-928-1.
  9. ^ A Gateway to Sikhism | Sri Guru Tegh Bhadur Sahib J - A Gateway to Sikhism Archived 2008-08-30 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ Deol, Harnik (2000). Religion and Nationalism in India. Routledge. p. 62. ISBN 0-415-20108-X.
  11. ^ Keene, Michael (2003). Online Worksheets. Nelson Thornes. p. 38. ISBN 0-7487-7159-X.

External links[edit]