Outline of Syria

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The location of Syria
An enlargeable map of the Syrian Arab Republic

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Syria:

Syria – country in Western Asia, that borders Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the West, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south and Israel to the southwest. Civilization in Syria was one of the most ancient on earth. Syria is part of the Fertile Crescent, and from approximately 10,000 BCE it was one of the centers of Neolithic culture where agriculture and cattle breeding appeared for the first time in the world. Over the millennia, Syria has been conquered and settled by many different peoples. A country of fertile plains, high mountains and deserts, it is home to diverse ethnic and religious groups, including Syriacs, Assyrians, Kurds, Circassians, Armenians, Druze, Alawite, Christians, Shias and Sunnis. The latter make up the majority of the population. Since March 2011, Syria has been embroiled in civil war in the wake of uprisings (considered an extension of the Arab Spring, the mass movement of revolutions and protests in the Arab world) against Assad and the neo-Ba'athist government. The opposition Syrian National Coalition selected Ghassan Hitto as prime minister of a rival provisional government on March 19, 2013 after being invited to do so by several foreign governments and the Arab League.[1]

General reference[edit]

An enlargeable relief map of Syria

Geography of Syria[edit]

An enlargeable topographic map of Syria
Main article: Geography of Syria
 Turkey 822 km
 Iraq 605 km
 Jordan 375 km
 Lebanon 375 km
 Israel 76 km

Environment of Syria[edit]

Main article: Environment of Syria

Natural geographic features of Syria[edit]

Regions of Syria[edit]

Main article: Regions of Syria

Ecoregions of Syria[edit]

Administrative divisions of Syria[edit]

Provinces of Syria[edit]
Main article: Governorates of Syria
Districts of Syria[edit]
Main article: Districts of Syria
Municipalities of Syria[edit]

Demography of Syria[edit]

Main article: Demographics of Syria

Government and politics of Syria[edit]

Politics of Syria

Branches of the government of Syria[edit]

Main article: Government of Syria

Executive branch of the government of Syria[edit]

Legislative branch of the government of Syria[edit]

Judicial branch of the government of Syria[edit]

Main article: Court system of Syria

Judiciary of Syria

  • High Judicial Council
  • Court system of Syria
    • Court of Cassation of Syria
    • High Constitutional Court of Syria
    • Civil and criminal courts of Syria
    • Military courts of Syria
    • Security courts of Syria
  • Supreme Court of Syria

Foreign relations of Syria[edit]

International organization membership[edit]

The Syrian Arab Republic is a member of:[2]

Syria is 1 of only 7 U.N. members which is not a member of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons.

Law and order in Syria[edit]

Main article: Law of Syria

Military of Syria[edit]

Main article: Military of Syria

Local government in Syria[edit]

History of Syria[edit]

History of Syria, by period[edit]

History of Syria, by region[edit]

History of Syria, by subject[edit]

Culture of Syria[edit]

Main article: Culture of Syria

Art in Syria[edit]

People of Syria[edit]

People of Syria

Religion in Syria[edit]

Religion in Syria

Sports in Syria[edit]

Main article: Sports in Syria

Economy and infrastructure of Syria[edit]

Main article: Economy of Syria

Education in Syria[edit]

Main article: Education in Syria

Health in Syria[edit]

Main article: Health in Syria

See also[edit]

Main article: Syria


External links[edit]

Wikimedia Atlas of Syria

  • Syria Syrian search engine
Cities & Towns
  • Syria travel guide from Wikivoyage