Outline of Tamil Nadu

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Location of Tamil Nadu

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Tamil Nadu:

Tamil Nadu – state in South India. Tamil Nadu covers an area of 130,058 km2 (50,216 sq mi), and is the eleventh largest state in India. The bordering states are Kerala to the west, Karnataka to the north west and Andhra Pradesh to the north. To the east is the Bay of Bengal and the state encircles the union territory of Puducherry. The southernmost tip of the Indian Peninsula is Kanyakumari which is the meeting point of the Arabian Sea, the Bay of Bengal, and the Indian Ocean. When India became independent in 1947, Madras presidency became Madras state, comprising present-day Tamil Nadu, coastal Andhra Pradesh up to Ganjam district in Orissa, South Canara district Karnataka, and parts of Kerala. The state was subsequently split up along linguistic lines. In 1969, Madras State was renamed Tamil Nadu, meaning "Tamil country".


General reference[edit]


Rankings (amongst India's states)[edit]

Geography of Tamil Nadu[edit]

Topographical map of Tamil Nadu

Geography of Tamil Nadu

Location of Tamil Nadu[edit]

Environment of Tamil Nadu[edit]

Natural geographic features of Tamil Nadu[edit]

Protected areas of Tamil Nadu[edit]

Biosphere reserves[edit]

(MAB) Biosphere Reserves of Tamil Nadu

Two of the three biosphere reserves in Tamil Nadu are among four in India and ninety five in Asia that are part of UNESCO's Programme on Man and the Biosphere (MAB).

The 3 Biosphere Reserves in Tamil Nadu listed by size are:

  1. The Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve
  2. Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve
  3. Agasthyamalai Biosphere Reserve [2]

National parks[edit]

Tamil Nadu has 5 declared National Parks with a total area over 307.84 km2 (118.86 sq mi), covering only 0.24% of the state. This is the third lowest % area covered of all Indian states and Union territories.[3]

  1. Indira Gandhi National Park
  2. Mudumalai National Park
  3. Mukurthi National Park
  4. Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park
  5. Guindy National Park[4]
  6. Palani Hills National Park

Wildlife sanctuaries[edit]

Wildlife sanctuaries in India – there are 7 wildlife sanctuaries plus 13 bird sanctuaries that together cover over 2,997.60 km2 (1,157.38 sq mi), 2.30% of the total state area.[5]

  1. Grizzled Squirrel Wildlife Sanctuary
  2. Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary
  3. Kalakkad Wildlife Sanctuary
  4. Mundanthurai Sanctuary
  5. Kanyakumari Wildlife Sanctuary
  6. Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary
  7. Vallanadu Wildlife Sanctuary
  8. Sathyamangalam Wildlife Sanctuary[6][7]

Elephant reserves[edit]

Tamil Nadu is a major participant in Project Elephant.[9]

  1. Nilgiri Elephant Reserve
  2. Coimbatore Elephant Reserve
  3. Anamalai Elephant Reserve
  4. Srivilliputtur Elephant Reserve
  5. Rejuvenation Camp for Temple and Private Elephants of Tamil Nadu[10]

Tiger reserves[edit]

Tamil Nadu has 3 tiger reserves which are declared as part of Project Tiger:

  1. Kalakkad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve[11][12]
  2. Mudumalai National Park[13]
  3. Annamalai-Parambikulam Tiger Reserve[14]

The state has 3 other significant tiger habitats:

  1. Kanyakumari Wildlife Sanctuary
  2. Mukurthi National Park
  3. Sathyamangalam Wildlife Sanctuary[7][15]

Bird sanctuaries[edit]

There are 13 established bird sanctuaries at the southernmost continental range of the Central Asian Flyway in Tamil Nandu.[16][17]

  1. Chitrangudi Bird Sanctuary[18]
  2. Kanjirankulam Bird Sanctuary
  3. Karaivetti Bird Sanctuary
  4. Karikili Bird Sanctuary
  5. Koothankulam Bird Sanctuary
  6. Melaselvanur - Kilaselvanur Bird Sanctuary[19]
  7. Point Calimere Wildlife and Bird Sanctuary
  8. Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary
  9. Vaduvoor Bird Sanctuary[20]
  10. Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary
  11. Vellode Birds Sanctuary
  12. Vettangudi Bird Sanctuary
  13. Viralimalai Peacock Sanctuary [21][22]
  14. Kallaperambur lake [23]
  15. Suchindram Theroor Birds Sanctuary

Regions of Tamil Nadu[edit]

Regions of Tamil Nadu

Ecoregions of Tamil Nadu[edit]

Ecoregions in Tamil Nadu

Administrative divisions of Tamil Nadu[edit]

Administrative divisions of Tamil Nadu

Districts of Tamil Nadu[edit]
Municipalities of Tamil Nadu[edit]

Municipalities of Tamil Nadu

Demography of Tamil Nadu[edit]

Demographics of Tamil Nadu

Government and politics of Tamil Nadu[edit]

The Fort St. George, Chennai

Politics of Tamil Nadu

Union government in Tamil Nadu[edit]

Branches of the government of Tamil Nadu[edit]

Government of Tamil Nadu

Executive branch of the government of Tamil Nadu[edit]

Legislative branch of the government of Tamil Nadu[edit]

Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly

Judicial branch of the government of Tamil Nadu[edit]

Law and order in Tamil Nadu[edit]

History of Tamil Nadu[edit]

History of Tamil Nadu

History of Tamil Nadu, by period[edit]

Prehistoric Tamil Nadu[edit]

Ancient Tamil Nadu[edit]

Medieval Tamil Nadu[edit]

Colonial Tamil Nadu[edit]

Contemporary Tamil Nadu[edit]

History of Tamil Nadu, by region[edit]

History of Tamil Nadu, by subject[edit]

Culture of Tamil Nadu[edit]

Kolam – a Traditional art form of the Tamil people
Kolam – a Traditional art form of the Tamil
Overflowing during cooking of Pongal indicates overflowing of joy
Overflowing during cooking of Pongal indicates overflowing of joy
Thiruvannamalai Annamalaiyar chariot festival
Thiruvannamalai Annamalaiyar chariot festival
Traditional Tamil lunch served in banana leaf
Traditional Tamil lunch served in banana leaf

Culture of Tamil Nadu

Art in Tamil Nadu[edit]

Literature of Tamil Nadu[edit]

Tamil literature

Music of Tamil Nadu[edit]

Music of Tamil Nadu

Festivals in Tamil Nadu[edit]

People of Tamil Nadu[edit]

People of Tamil Nadu

Religion in Tamil Nadu[edit]

Religion in Tamil Nadu

Sports in Tamil Nadu[edit]

Sports in Tamil Nadu

Symbols of Timil Nadu[edit]

Symbols of Tamil Nadu

  • Animal: Nilgiri Tahr
  • Bird: Emerald Dove
  • Dance: Bharatanatyam
  • Fish:
  • Flower: Gloriosa Lily
  • Motto: (Tamil: வாய்மையே வெல்லும், Vaimaiye Vellum)
  • Seal of Tamil Nadu
  • Song: "Invocation to Tamil Mother"
  • Sport: Sadugudu
  • Tree: Palm Tree

Economy and infrastructure of Tamil Nadu[edit]

Economy of Tamil Nadu

Education in Tamil Nadu[edit]

Education in Tamil Nadu

Health in Tamil Nadu[edit]

Health in Tamil Nadu

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly history 2012.
  2. ^ Tamil nadu Forest Dept., Retrieved 9/9/2007 Biosphere Reserves
  3. ^ Wildlife Institute of India, National Wildlife Database (November 2006), retrieved 3/25/2007 National Parks
  4. ^ Tamil Nadu Forest Dept., Retrieved 9/9/2007 National Parks
  5. ^ National Wildlife Data Center (June 2008). "State-wise break up of Wildlife Sanctuaries". Wildlife Institute of India. Retrieved 2007-03-26. 
  6. ^ "Sathyamangalam forests declared as sanctuary". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 24 December 2008. Retrieved 2009-04-14. 
  7. ^ a b B. Aravind Kumar (2011-09-27). "Sathyamangalam wildlife sanctuary expanded to 1.41 lakh hectares". The Hindi, Chennai. Kasturi & Sons Ltd. Retrieved 2011-09-27. 
  8. ^ "Tamil Nadu Forest Department". Forests.tn.nic.in. Retrieved 2013-04-08. 
  9. ^ Asian Nature Conservation Foundation, Maps & Data.Forest Divisions of South India bearing Elephants
  10. ^ Tamil Nadu Forest Dept.Rehabilitation and Rescue Centre for the Temple, Private and Rescued Elephants
  11. ^ Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the Environment Community interventions in Kalakad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve
  12. ^ Johnsingh, A. J. T., Wildlife Institute of India, "The Kalakad–Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve: A global heritage of biological diversity", Current Science, VOL. 80, NO. 3, 10 February 2001.Kalakad–Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve
  13. ^ Murari, S. (31-Dec-08). "Thousands Protest Against Indian Tiger Reserve". Planet Ark. Reuters. Retrieved 2009-10-30.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  14. ^ "Eight New Tiger Reserves". Press Release. Ministry of Environment and Forests, Press Information Bureau, Govt. of India. November 13, 2008. Retrieved 2009-10-31. 
  15. ^ "Sathyamangalam forests declared as sanctuary". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 24 December 2008. Retrieved 2009-04-14. 
  16. ^ Tamil Nadu Department of Environment (2006) State of the Environment, retrieved 9/9/2007, Report
  17. ^ Tamil Nadu Forest Dept., Bird sanctuaries
  18. ^ UNEP
  19. ^ Migratory birds flock to Vettangudi Sanctuary, The Hindu, 9/11/2005, Hinduonnet.com, Vettangudi
  20. ^ Tamil Nadu Forest Dept., Bird Sanctuaries in Tamil Nadu Vaduvoor
  21. ^ Tamildnadu Tourism Development Corporation and Department of Tourism, retrieved 5/21/2007 Viralimalai Sanctuaries
  22. ^ Rural Development and Panchayat Raj (PR.2) Department, G.O. (Ms) No.19, Dated: 23.1.2008 TNRD.gov.in, Declaring Viralimalai as a heritage place
  23. ^ The Hindu, Hindu.com, December 15, 2005

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Atlas of Tamil Nadu