Outline of alchemy
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to alchemy:
Alchemy – A philosophical tradition recognized as protoscience, that includes the application of Hermetic principles, and practices related to mythology, religion, and spirituality.
- Alchemy and chemistry in medieval Islam
- Chinese Alchemy
- New Age
Influences upon alchemy – alchemy developed dependent on a number of influences and experienced regional and period-specific variations:
- Magic, magick
- Tay al-Ard
- Yoga Nidra
- Alchemical elements – Primarily the four Classical elements of:
- Alchemy in art and entertainment
- Anima mundi
- Filius philosophorum
- Philosopher's stone
- Prima materia
- Septenary of the seven metals and Classical planets in Western alchemy
- Tria Prima (three primes)
- Unity of opposites or coincidentia oppositorum
Magnum opus – great work of alchemy consisting of:
Alchemists also engaged in practical and symbolic processes including:
3. Visual Symbolism
- Biological transmutation
- Nuclear transmutation
- Obsolete scientific theories
- Scientific method
- Synthesis of noble metals
Substances of the alchemists
- phosphorus • sulfur (sulphur) • arsenic • antimony
- vitriol • quartz • cinnabar • pyrites • orpiment • galena
- magnesia • lime • potash • natron • saltpetre • kohl
- ammonia • ammonium chloride • alcohol • camphor
- sulfuric acid (sulphuric acid) • hydrochloric acid • nitric acid • acetic acid • formic acid • citric acid • tartaric acid
- aqua regia • gunpowder
- blue vitriol • green vitriol • vinegar • salt
- Bibliotheca Philosophica Hermetica
- European Society for the Study of Western Esotericism
- Axiom of Maria
- Alchemical Studies (Carl Jung)
- Aurora consurgens
- Buch der heiligen Dreifaltigkeit
- Cantong qi
- Chymical Wedding of Christian Rosenkreutz
- The Hermetical Triumph
- Fasciculus Chemicus
- Kimiya-yi sa'ādat
- Musaeum Hermeticum
- Mutus Liber
- Rosary of the Philosophers
- Splendor Solis
- Theatrum Chemicum
- Theatrum Chemicum Britannicum
- The Mirror of Alchimy
- Turba Philosophorum
The most influential names in the history of alchemy include:
- Hermes Trismegistus – by tradition, the founder of Western alchemy.
- Wei Boyang – authored the earliest known book on theoretical alchemy in China.
- Zosimos of Panopolis – a Gnostic mystic who wrote the oldest known books on Western alchemy.
- Khālid ibn Yazīd – credited with bringing alchemy to Arabia.
- Jābir ibn Hayyān – notable for takwin, sulfur-mercury theory, and emphasis on experimental science.
- Roger Bacon – influenced the reintegration of alchemy and Christianity.
- Paracelsus – developer of iatrochemistry.
- Robert Boyle – alchemist critical of Paracelsus, credited as the father of modern chemistry.
- Mary Anne Atwood – key figure in the occult revival of alchemy.
- Carl Jung – merged alchemy and psychoanalytic thought.
- SHAC: Society for the History of Alchemy and Chemistry
- ESSWE: European Society for the Study of Western Esotericism
- Association for the Study of Esotericism
- The Alchemy Website. – Adam McLean's online collections and academic discussion.
- Inner Garden Alchemy Research Group: a non-profit foundation that aims to transmit the alchemical tradition.
- Alchemy on In Our Time at the BBC
- Dictionary of the History of Ideas: Alchemy
- Book of Secrets: Alchemy and the European Imagination, 1500-2000 – A digital exhibition from the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library at Yale University