Outline of business management

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The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to management:

Business managementmanagement of a business. Business management rule #1 is delegation, assign the best qualified people to each position and trust your staff to do the work instead of trying to do everything yourself. It includes all aspects of overseeing and supervising business operations. Management is the act of allocating resources to accomplish desired goals and objectives efficiently and effectively; it comprises planning, organizing, staffing, leading or directing, and controlling an organization (a group of one or more people or entities) or effort for the purpose of accomplishing a goal.


Types of organizations[edit]

Organization – Social entity established to meet needs or pursue goals

  • Company – Association or collection of individuals
  • Co-operative – Autonomous association of persons united voluntarily to meet their common economic, social, and cultural needs and aspirations through a jointly owned and democratically controlled enterprise
  • Government – System or group of people governing an organized community, often a state
  • Nonprofit organization – Organization operated for a collective benefit

Areas of management application[edit]

Management application can be utilised by a person or a group of people and by a company or a group of companies depending upon the type of management skills being used. Management can be applied to every aspect of activity of a person or an organization:

Self-management skills[edit]

Self-governance is the act of conducting oneself to get things done.[1] Effective management of oneself is a natural prerequisite of effective management.[2] Personal skills related to business activity include:

General organization management skills[edit]

Department management[edit]

Field- or organization-specific management[edit]

Business strategy[edit]

Strategic management

Business analysis[edit]

Business analysis – set of tasks, knowledge, and techniques required to identify business needs and determine solutions to business problems. Solutions often include a systems development component, but may also consist of process improvement or organizational change.

Goal setting[edit]

Goal setting – involves establishing specific, measurable and time targeted objectives

  • Goal – or objective consists of a projected state of affairs which a person or a system plans or intends to achieve or bring about – a personal or organizational desired end-point in some sort of assumed development. Many people endeavor to reach goals within a finite time by setting deadlines.


Planning – in organizations and public policy is both the organizational process of creating and maintaining a plan; and the psychological process of thinking about the activities required to create a desired goal on some scale.





  • Middle management
  • Senior management
  • Balanced scorecard
  • Benchmarking
  • Board of directors
  • Business
  • Business intelligence
  • Business model – a profit-producing system that has an important degree of independence from the other systems within an enterprise.
  • Business operations – are those ongoing recurring activities involved in the running of a business for the purpose of producing value for the stakeholders. They are contrasted with project management, and consist of business processes.
  • Business process – is a collection of related, structured activities or tasks that produce a specific service or product (serve a particular goal) for a particular customer or customers. There are three types of business processes: Management processes, Operational processes, and Supporting processes.
  • Case study – is a research method which involves an in-depth, longitudinal examination of a single instance or event: a case. They provide a systematic way of looking at events, collecting data, analyzing information, and reporting the results.
  • Change control – the procedures used to ensure that changes (normally, but not necessarily, to IT systems) are introduced in a controlled and coordinated manner. Change control is a major aspect of the broader discipline of change management.
  • Corporate image
  • Corporate titles
  • Costs – in economics, business, and accounting are the value of money that has been used up to produce something, and hence is not available for use anymore. In business, the cost may be one of acquisition, in which case the amount of money expended to acquire it is counted as cost.
  • Critical success factor
  • Cross ownership
  • Cultural intelligence
  • Deliverable – contractually required work product, produced and delivered to a required state. A deliverable may be a document, hardware, software or other tangible product.
  • Enterprise modeling – is the process of understanding an enterprise business and improving its performance through creation of enterprise models. This includes the modelling of the relevant business domain (usually relatively stable), business processes (usually more volatile), and Information technology
  • Environmental scanning
  • Focused improvement – in Theory of Constraints is the ensemble of activities aimed at elevating the performance of any system, especially a business system, with respect to its goal by eliminating its constraints one by one and by not working on non-constraints.
  • Fordism – named after Henry Ford, refers to various social theories. It has varying but related meanings in different fields, and for Marxist and non-Marxist scholars.
  • Futures studies
  • Industrial espionage
  • Industry or market research
  • Innovation
  • Leadership
  • Lean manufacturing – or lean production, which is often known simply as "Lean", is the practice of a theory of production that considers the expenditure of resources for any means other than the creation of value for the presumed customer to be wasteful, and thus a target for elimination.
  • Level of Effort – (LOE) is qualified as a support type activity which doesn't lend itself to measurement of a discrete accomplishment. Examples of such an activity may be project budget accounting, customer liaison, etc.
  • Manufacturing
  • Marketing research
  • Motivation – is the set of reasons that determines one to engage in a particular behavior.
  • Operations research – (OR) interdisciplinary branch of applied mathematics and formal science that uses methods such as mathematical modeling, statistics, and algorithms to arrive at optimal or near optimal solutions to complex problems.
  • Operations, see Business operations
  • Organization development – (OD) planned, structured, organization-wide effort to increase the organization's effectiveness and health.
  • Organization – social arrangement which pursues collective goals, which controls its own performance, and which has a boundary separating it from its environment.
  • Poison pill
  • Portfolio – in finance is an appropriate mix of or collection of investments held by an institution or a private individual.
  • Process architecture – structural design of general process systems and applies to fields such as computers (software, hardware, networks, etc.), business processes (enterprise architecture, policy and procedures, logistics, project management, etc.), and any other process system of varying degrees of complexity.
  • Profit
  • Proport – combination of the unique skills of an organisation's members for collective advantage.
  • Quality – can mean a high degree of excellence ("a quality product"), a degree of excellence or the lack of it ("work of average quality"), or a property of something ("the addictive quality of alcohol").[1] Distinct from the vernacular, the subject of this article is the business interpretation of quality.
  • Quality, Cost, Delivery (QCD) as used in lean manufacturing, measures a businesses activity and develops Key performance indicators. QCD analysis often forms a part of continuous improvement programs
  • Reengineering – radical redesign of an organization's processes, especially its business processes. Rather than organizing a firm into functional specialties (like production, accounting, marketing, etc.) and considering the tasks that each function performs; complete processes from materials acquisition, to production, to marketing and distribution should be considered. The firm should be re-engineered into a series of processes.
  • Reverse engineering
  • Risk – is the precise probability of specific eventualities.
  • Shareholder value
  • Systems Development Life Cycle – (SDLC) is any logical process used by a systems analyst to develop an information system, including requirements, validation, training, and user ownership. An SDLC should result in a high quality system that meets or exceeds customer expectations, within time and cost estimates, works effectively and efficiently in the current and planned Information Technology infrastructure, and is cheap to maintain and cost-effective to enhance.[4]
  • Systems engineering – is an interdisciplinary field of engineering that focuses on how complex engineering projects should be designed and managed.
  • Task analysis – is the analysis or a breakdown of exactly how a task is accomplished, such as what sub-tasks are required
  • Timeline – is a graphical representation of a chronological sequence of events, also referred to as a chronology. It can also mean a schedule of activities, such as a timetable.
  • Value engineering – (VE) is a systematic method to improve the "value" of goods and services by using an examination of function. Value, as defined, is the ratio of function to cost. Value can therefore be increased by either improving the function or reducing the cost. It is a primary tenet of value engineering that basic functions be preserved and not be reduced as a consequence of pursuing value improvements.[5]
  • Wideband Delphi – is a consensus-based estimation technique for estimating effort.

Business management education[edit]

Business education – Teaching the skills and operations of the business industry – teaching students the fundamentals, theories, and processes of business.

People in business management[edit]

Management positions[edit]

Persons influential in business management[edit]

  • Pioneers of management methods
    • Jack Welch – American business executive, chemical engineer, and writer (1935-2020), implemented six sigma throughout General Electric, leading to its widespread adoption throughout industry.
    • Stafford Beer – British management consultant and cyberneticist, introduced management cybernetics to British steel industry and was responsible for the first use of computers in management.
  • Business theorists

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Drucker, Peter (March–April 1999). "Managing Oneself". Harvard Business Review.
  2. ^ Power, Rhett (September 3, 2014). "Manage yourself first, then you can effectively manage others". Inc. Retrieved July 9, 2017. If you can't manage your own life, how can you expect to manage other people?
  3. ^ Peter F. Drucker (2006). The Effective Executive: The Definitive Guide to Getting the Right Things Done. New York: Collins.
  4. ^ "Systems Development Life Cycle". In: Foldoc(2000-12-24)
  5. ^ Value Methodology Standard Archived 2009-03-19 at the Wayback Machine
  • Wing, Y, Hsing, M & Chen L (2008).Research on Business Strategy and Performance Evaluation in Collaborative Design. International Journal of Electronic Business Management. 6(2), 57–69.

External links[edit]