Outline of childhood

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The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to childhood:

Children – biologically, a child (plural: children) is generally a human between the stages of birth and puberty. Some definitions include the unborn (termed fetus).[1] The legal definition of "child" generally refers to a minor, otherwise known as a person younger than the age of majority. "Child" may also describe a relationship with a parent or authority figure, or signify group membership in a clan, tribe, or religion; it can also signify being strongly affected by a specific time, place, or circumstance, as in "a child of nature" or "a child of the Sixties."[2]

Child education[edit]



Children eating lunch at school in Penasco, New Mexico (1941)

Methods and theories[edit]

Instruction content and tools[edit]

Children reading at a school in Laos



Nursery playground in Bingley, England (2012)


Extracurricular and informal[edit]

Children doing crafts during an event promoting after-school activities at a youth center linked to Fort Novosel, Alabama

Growth and development[edit]

Stages of formative period[edit]


Social development[edit]

Personal care[edit]

Physical development and growth[edit]

Intellectual and cognitive development[edit]

Complications and divergence[edit]


In life[edit]

Society and Law[edit]

Inupiat Eskimo family in Alaska (1929)

Family and guardianship[edit]



Legal rights, responsibilities and restrictions[edit]

2000s era PEGI notice indicating that a Video game is unsuitable for children under the age of fifteen

Behaviour management[edit]

Child protection and welfare[edit]

Adoption form used in the United Kingdom or dependant territories (the approved stamp seems to have been added for artistic effect)


Child abuse[edit]

Vulnerable situations and possible abuse[edit]

History of children in society[edit]

Engraving from the Roman Empire depicts children playing

Specific times and places[edit]

Children's entertainment and leisure[edit]

Children's toys displayed in a window in Ultrecht (2017)

Media and literature[edit]

Toys and games[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ See Shorter Oxford English Dictionary 397 (6th ed. 2007), which's the first definition is "A fetus; an infant;...". See also ‘The Compact Edition of the Oxford English Dictionary: Complete Text Reproduced Micrographically’, Vol. I (Oxford University Press, Oxford 1971): 396, which defines it as: ‘The unborn or newly born human being; fetus, infant’.
  2. ^ "American Heritage Dictionary". 2007-12-07. Archived from the original on 2007-12-29.