Outline of epistemology
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The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to epistemology:
Epistemology or theory of knowledge – branch of philosophy concerned with the nature and scope of knowledge. The term was introduced into English by the Scottish philosopher James Frederick Ferrier (1808–1864). Epistemology asks the questions: "What is knowledge?", "How is knowledge acquired?", and "What do people know?"
Core topics of epistemology
- Gettier problem
- Sources of knowledge
- Types of knowledge
- Descriptive knowledge - "Knowledge that"
- Procedural knowledge - "Knowledge how"
- Knowledge by acquaintance
- A priori and a posteriori
- Analytic-synthetic distinction
- Internalism and externalism
- Foundationalism – Self-evident basic beliefs justify other non-basic beliefs.
- Coherentism – Beliefs are justified if they cohere with other beliefs a person holds, each belief is justified if it coheres with the overall system of beliefs.
- Regress argument
- Naïve realism
Branches of epistemology
- Formal epistemology – subdiscipline of epistemology that uses formal methods from logic, probability theory and computability theory to elucidate traditional epistemic problems.
- Meta-epistemology – metaphilosophical study of the subject, matter, methods and aims of epistemology and of approaches to understanding and structuring our knowledge of knowledge itself.
- Social epistemology – the study of collective knowledge and the social dimensions of knowledge
- Naturalized epistemology
- What Is Epistemology? – a brief introduction to the topic by Keith DeRose.
- The Epistemological Lifeboat by Birger Hjørland & Jeppe Nicolaisen (eds.)
- Epistemology Papers – a collection of Michael Huemer's papers.
- Teaching Theory of Knowledge (1986) – Marjorie Clay (ed.), an electronic publication from The Council for Philosophical Studies.
- Epistemology: The Philosophy of Knowledge – an introduction at Groovyweb.
- The Peripatetic – A practical introduction to the theory of knowledge
- A Theory of Knowledge by Clóvis Juarez Kemmerich, on the Social Science Research Network, 2006.
- On a Critical Epistemology
- Language Perception and Action: Philosophical Issues
- Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy entry on Foundationalist Theories of Epistemic Justification
- Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy entry on Epistemology, 2. What is Justification?
- Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy entry on Public Justification
- Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy entry on Internalist vs. Externalist Conceptions of Epistemic Justification
- Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy entry on Coherentist Theories of Epistemic Justification