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Outline of human anatomy

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to human anatomy:

Human anatomy – scientific study of the morphology of the adult human. It is subdivided into gross anatomy and microscopic anatomy. Gross anatomy (also called topographical anatomy, regional anatomy, or anthropotomy) is the study of anatomical structures that can be seen by unaided vision. Microscopic anatomy is the study of minute anatomical structures assisted with microscopes, and includes histology (the study of the organization of tissues), and cytology (the study of cells).

The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp, by Rembrandt; depicts an anatomy demonstration using a cadaver.

Essence of human anatomy[edit]

Muscles, illustrated in Compendiosa totius anatomie delineatio by Thomas Geminus, 1559. Anatomia
Back Muscles, illustrated in Compendiosa totius anatomie delineatio by Thomas Geminus, 1559. Anatomia

Branches of human anatomy[edit]

  • Gross anatomy - systemic or region-wise study of human body parts and organs. Gross anatomy encompasses cadaveric anatomy and osteology
  • Microscopic anatomy/histology
  • Cell biology (cytology) and cytogenetics
  • Surface anatomy
  • Radiological anatomy
  • Developmental anatomy/embryology

Anatomy of the human body[edit]

Leonardo da Vinci's Vitruvian Man (1492)

The following list of human anatomical structures is based on the Terminologia Anatomica, the international standard for anatomical nomenclature. While the order is standardized, the hierarchical relationships in the TA are somewhat vague, and thus are open to interpretation.

General anatomy[edit]


Diagram of an adult human skeleton



Alimentary system[edit]

Human gastrointestinal tract

Respiratory system[edit]

Thoracic cavity[edit]

Thoracic cavity

The thoracic cavity is the chamber of the body of vertebrates that is protected by the thoracic wall. The central compartment of the thoracic cavity is the mediastinum.

Urinary system[edit]

Urinary system

Genital systems[edit]

Human reproductive system

Abdominopelvic cavity[edit]

Abdominopelvic cavity

Endocrine glands[edit]

Endocrine system

Cardiovascular system[edit]

Cardiovascular system

Lymphoid system[edit]

Lymphatic system

Nervous system[edit]

Human nervous system

Sense organs[edit]

The integument[edit]

Integumentary system

History of human anatomy[edit]



See also[edit]

External links[edit]