Outline of psychiatry

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The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to psychiatry:

Psychiatrymedical specialty devoted to the study and treatment of mental disorders. These mental disorders include various affective, behavioural, cognitive, and perceptual abnormalities.

What type of thing is psychiatry?[edit]

  • Academic discipline – field of study with academic departments, curricula and degrees; national and international societies; and specialized journals.
  • Scientific field (a branch of science) – widely recognized category of specialized expertise within science, and typically embodies its own terminology and nomenclature. Such a field will usually be represented by one or more scientific journals, where peer reviewed research is published.
    • A natural science – field that seeks to elucidate the rules that govern the natural world using empirical and scientific methods.
      • A biological science – a branch of biology, which is concerned with the study of life and living organisms, including their structure, function, growth, origin, evolution, distribution, and taxonomy.[1]
        • A medical specialty – branch of medical science. After completing medical school, physicians or surgeons usually further their medical education in a specific specialty of medicine by completing a multiple year residency to become a medical specialist.

Branches of psychiatry[edit]

Subspecialties of psychiatry[edit]

  • Addiction psychiatry – focuses on evaluation and treatment of individuals with alcohol, drug, or other substance-related disorders, and of individuals with dual diagnosis of substance-related and other psychiatric disorders.
  • Child and adolescent psychiatry – branch of psychiatry that specialises in work with children, teenagers, and their families.
  • Cross-cultural psychiatry – branch of psychiatry concerned with the cultural and ethnic context of mental disorder and psychiatric services.
  • Emergency psychiatry – clinical application of psychiatry in emergency settings.
  • Forensic psychiatry – interface between law and psychiatry.
  • Geriatric psychiatry – branch of psychiatry dealing with the study, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders in humans with old age.
  • Liaison psychiatry – branch of psychiatry that specializes in the interface between other medical specialties and psychiatry.
  • Military psychiatry – covers special aspects of psychiatry and mental disorders within the military context.
  • Neuropsychiatry – branch of medicine dealing with mental disorders attributable to diseases of the nervous system.
  • Social psychiatry – branch of psychiatry that focuses on the interpersonal and cultural context of mental disorder and mental wellbeing.

Approaches of psychiatry[edit]

  • Biological psychiatry – approach to psychiatry that aims to understand mental disorders in terms of the biological function of the nervous system.
  • Community psychiatry – approach that reflects an inclusive public health perspective and is practiced in community mental health services.[2]
  • Global Mental Health – area of study, research and practice that places a priority on improving mental health and achieving equity in mental health for all people worldwide.[3]

History of psychiatry[edit]

General psychiatry concepts[edit]

Psychiatric practice and standards[edit]

Doctor-patient relationship[edit]

Nosological system[edit]

Psychiatric diagnoses[edit]


Diagnostic practices[edit]

Psychiatric treatment[edit]

Chemical treatment[edit]

Physical treatment[edit]

Electroconvulsive therapy[edit]

Insulin coma therapy[edit]


Fever therapy[edit]

Psychological treatment[edit]

Legal frameworks of psychiatric treatment[edit]





England and Wales[edit]


Politics of psychiatry[edit]

Political movements[edit]

Anti-psychiatry movement[edit]

People in the anti-psychiatry movement[edit]
Anti-psychiatry publications[edit]
Anti-psychiatry organisations[edit]

Psychiatric Institutions[edit]


Australian psychiatric institutions[edit]

Psychiatric organizations[edit]

Psychiatry publications[edit]

Persons influential in psychiatry[edit]


Academic psychiatrists by country[edit]

See also[edit]



  1. ^ Based on definition from Aquarena Wetlands Project glossary of terms.
  2. ^ American Association of Community Psychiatrists About AACP Retrieved on Aug-05-2008
  3. ^ Patel V., Prince M. (2010). "Global mental health - a new global health field comes of age". JAMA. 303 (19): 1976–1977. PMC 3432444Freely accessible. PMID 20483977. doi:10.1001/jama.2010.616. 

External links[edit]