Outline of space exploration

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The European Space Agency's Columbus Module at the International Space Station, launched into space on the U.S. Space Shuttle mission STS-122 in 2008.

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to space exploration:

Space exploration – use of astronomy and space technology to explore outer space.[1] Physical exploration of space is conducted both by human spaceflights and by robotic spacecraft.

Essence of space exploration[edit]

Main article: Space exploration

Branches of space exploration[edit]

History of space exploration[edit]

Main articles: History of space exploration and Timeline of space exploration

Current space exploration[edit]

Space agencies[edit]

The largest-funded space agencies are:

Country Agency Annual
 United States NASA $19.3 billion[2]
GermanyAustriaBelgiumDenmarkSpainFinlandFranceGreeceRepublic of IrelandItalyLuxembourgNorwayNetherlandsPortugalCzech RepublicUnited KingdomSwedenSwitzerland ESA (European Space Agency) $4.260 billion[citation needed]
 France CNES (French space agency) $2.49 billion[citation needed]
 Japan JAXA (Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency) $2.0 billion[citation needed]
 Russia RKA (Russian Federal Space Agency) $1.4 billion[citation needed]
 Germany DLR (German Aerospace Center) $1.242 billion[citation needed]
 India ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization) $1.01 billion[citation needed]
 Italy ASI (Italian Space Agency) $978 million[citation needed]
 China CNSA (Chinese National Space Administration) $500 million[citation needed]
 United Kingdom UKSA (UK Space Agency) $414 million[3]
 Canada CSA (Canadian Space Agency) $321 million[citation needed]
Ukraine Ukraine NSAU (National Space Agency of Ukraine) $250–300 million[citation needed]
 Belgium BELSPO (Belgian Federal Science Policy Office) $230 million[citation needed]
 Spain INTA (National Institute of Aerospace Technology) $175 million[citation needed]
 Netherlands SRON (Netherlands Institute for Space Research) $160 million[citation needed]
 South Korea KARI (Korea Aerospace Research Institute) $150 million[citation needed]
 Brazil AEB (Brazilian Space Agency) $120 million[citation needed]
  Switzerland SSO (Swiss Space Office) $110 million[citation needed]
 Sweden SNSB (Swedish National Space Board) $100 million[citation needed]
 Argentina CONAE (National Space Activities Commission) $96 million[citation needed]

Active space missions[edit]

Future of space exploration[edit]

Lunar (the Moon)





Outer Solar System

Beyond the Solar System

General space exploration concepts[edit]

Space exploration scholars[edit]

Leaders in space exploration[edit]

Space exploration lists[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "How Space is Explored". NASA. 
  2. ^ "An Extraordinary Budget for NASA in 2016". www.planetary.org. Retrieved 2015-12-16. 
  3. ^ "UK space funding". UK Space Agency. Retrieved 2010-08-30. 

External links[edit]