Outline of the State of Palestine

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A map of the State of Palestine with the West Bank and Gaza Strip highlighted in red
An enlargeable map of the West Bank
An enlargeable map of the Gaza Strip

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the State of Palestine:

Palestine is politically under the jurisdiction of the Palestinian government and the Hamas Government in Gaza. Since the Palestinian Declaration of Independence in 1988 and the consequent admission into UN as an observer state in 2012, Palestine is today recognized by three-quarters of the world's countries.[1] Although recently promoted to a non-member state status in the UN, the State of Palestine is not recognized by Israel and some major Western nations, including much of the European Union as well as Canada, Australia, Japan, the United States, and Mexico (For a full list, see International recognition of the State of Palestine).

General reference[edit]

Geography of the State of Palestine[edit]

An enlargeable topographic map of Israel and the Palestine. Outlined in red are the 1949-designated boundaries of the West Bank and Gaza Strip
Main articles: West Bank and Gaza Strip
  • Total: 466 km (290 mi)
 Israel 358 km (222 mi)
 Jordan 97 km (60 mi)
 Egypt 11 km (6.8 mi)

Environment of Palestine[edit]

An enlargeable satellite image of State of Palestine, Israel and surrounding region
Inflorescence of the Pistacia palaestina, a shrub native to Palestine
The Dead Sea on a rough day, with salt deposits on cliffs
Colored postcard of the Jordan River by Karimeh Abbud circa 1925.

Natural geographic features of Palestine[edit]

Regions of Palestine[edit]

Ecoregions of Palestine[edit]

Administrative divisions of Palestine[edit]

Administrative divisions of the State of Palestine[edit]

Demography of Palestine[edit]

Government and politics of Palestine[edit]

Main article: Politics of Palestine

Branches of the government of Palestine[edit]

Legislative branches of the government of Palestine[edit]

Judicial branch of the government of Palestine[edit]

  • According to the Constitution of Palestine, all courts relating to the country shall be independent.

Local governance in Palestine[edit]

Foreign relations of Palestine[edit]

Palestine and the United Nations[edit]

UN 1947 partition plan for Palestine

International organization membership[edit]

UN stamp commemorating the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people

Palestine is a member in a number of international organizations. In others, it enjoys affiliation in a lesser capacity or under another designation (such as PLO or Palestinian National Authority). In the list below, if the membership is not full or not for the state of Palestine, the type and name of affiliation is denoted in parentheses.

International aid to Palestine[edit]

International solidarity movements[edit]

Law and order in Palestine[edit]

Main article: Palestinian Law

Military of Palestine[edit]

Paramilitary forces of Palestine[edit]

Irregular Palestinian forces[edit]

International civilian organizations in Palestine[edit]

History of Palestine[edit]

Main article: History of Palestine and Current events of Palestine
Interior of the house of a Palestinian Christian family in Jerusalem. By W. H. Bartlett, c. 1850
Old postcard of men native to Gaza, Palestine
Propaganda label issued by Fatah, 1968-1969

Palestinian culture[edit]

Main article: Palestinian culture
Mosaic detailing on the Dome of the Rock in the Old City of Jerusalem
Old postcard depicting a woman, in traditional Palestinian costume, and children from Ramallah, British Mandate of Palestine
200pxNabulsi soap, a Palestinian handicraft, stacked for drying in "Camel" factory in Nablus in 2008
The Church of Bir Ya'acub (Jacob's Well) in Nablus, West Bank
Hebron glass on display in a shop in Hebron, West Bank
An artist's rendering of Palestinian pottery practices in Jaffa, Palestine in 1859, entitled, "The Potter and Wheel"
The ruins of Khirbet al-Mafjar, an Umayyad era palace in Jericho, West Bank

Art in Palestine[edit]

Sports in Palestine[edit]

Main article: Sport in Palestine

Economy and infrastructure of Palestine[edit]

Logo of the Taybeh Beer company
The Yasser Arafat International Airport in Gaza. Severely damaged by an Israeli airstrike in 2001, the airport has remained closed ever since.

Healthcare in Palestine[edit]

Housing in Palestine[edit]

Education in the Palestinian territories[edit]

The main building of Bethlehem University in Bethlehem, West Bank
The amphitheatre of An-Najah National University overlooking the city of Nablus, West Bank

Books on Palestine[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ [1] "Note that the term Palestine has historically referred to the region which today incorporates Israel as well as the Palestinian territories. The current position was expressed by Mahmoud Abbas in his September 2011 speech to the United Nations: 'When we adopted this program, we were taking a painful and very difficult step for all of us, especially those, including myself, who were forced to leave their homes and their towns and villages, carrying only some of our belongings and our grief and our memories and the keys of our homes to the camps of exile and the Diaspora in the 1948 Al-Nakba, one of the worst operations of uprooting, destruction and removal of a vibrant and cohesive society that had been contributing in a pioneering and leading way in the cultural, educational and economic renaissance of the Arab Middle East. Yet, because we believe in peace and because of our conviction in international legitimacy, and because we had the courage to make difficult decisions for our people, and in the absence of absolute justice, we decided to adopt the path of relative justice - justice that is possible and could correct part of the grave historical injustice committed against our people. Thus, we agreed to establish the State of Palestine on only 22% of the territory of historical Palestine - on all the Palestinian Territory occupied by Israel in 1967.'"
  2. ^ Martijn Schoonvelde (26 June 2009). "Palestinian Territories". Retrieved 2009-07-26. 
  3. ^ Sela and Ma'oz, 1997, p. 16.


External links[edit]

Wikimedia Atlas of Palestine