In economics, output elasticity is the percentage change of output (GDP or production of a single firm) divided by the percentage change of an input. It is sometimes called partial output elasticity to clarify that it refers to the change of only one input.
As with every elasticity, this measure is defined locally, i.e. defined at a point.
If the production function contains only one input, then the output elasticity is also an indicator of the degree of returns to scale. If the coefficient of output elasticity is greater than 1, then production is experiencing increasing returns to scale. If the coefficient is less than 1, then production is experiencing decreasing returns to scale. If the coefficient is 1, then production is experiencing constant returns to scale. Note that returns to scale may change as the level of production changes.
- Charnes, A.; Cooper, W. W.; Schinnar, A. P. (1976). "A theorem on homogeneous functions and extended Cobb–Douglas forms". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 73 (10): 3747–3748.
- Perloff (2008). Microeconomics Theory & Applications with Calculus. Pearson. p. 193.
- Hirschey (2003) p. 238.[full citation needed]
- Zelenyuk, V. (2013) "A Note on Equivalences in Measuring Returns to Scale," International Journal of Business and Economics 12:1, pp. 85-89. and see references therein
|This economics-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|