Ouwerkerk

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Ouwerkerk
Coat of arms of Ouwerkerk
Coat of arms
The centre (dark green) and the statistical district (light green) of Ouwerkerk in the municipality of Schouwen-Duiveland.
The centre (dark green) and the statistical district (light green) of Ouwerkerk in the municipality of Schouwen-Duiveland.
Coordinates: 51°37′28″N 3°58′58″E / 51.62444°N 3.98278°E / 51.62444; 3.98278Coordinates: 51°37′28″N 3°58′58″E / 51.62444°N 3.98278°E / 51.62444; 3.98278
CountryNetherlands
ProvinceZeeland
MunicipalitySchouwen-Duiveland
Population
(2-1-2008)
663

Ouwerkerk (51°38′N 3°59′E / 51.633°N 3.983°E / 51.633; 3.983) is a village in the southwest Netherlands. It is located in the municipality of Schouwen-Duiveland, Zeeland about 60 km south of Rotterdam.

In 2001, the village of Ouwerkerk had 454 inhabitants. The built-up area of the village was 0.15 km² and contained 202 residences.[1] The statistical area "Ouwerkerk", including the surrounding countryside, has a population of around 690 in 2005.[2]

History[edit]

Ouwerkerk is the oldest village of the former island of Duiveland, possibly founded in the eleventh century. The village got its current name after a church was built in Nieuwerkerk. The name of Ouwerkerk before the establishment of Nieuwerkerk is unknown. Ouwerkerk was built as a rundling with a church in the center of the surviving Ring.

The medieval tower of the church, originally dedicated to Gertrude the Great, was blown up by German troops in 1945, in a blast that seriously damaged the rest of the church. After World War II, the remains of the church and tower were demolished. In 1956 a new church was built. In 1957 the separate tower was completed.

During the North Sea flood of 1953 Ouwerkerk was hit hard: one in six residents died. Many buildings, including a wooden octagonal flour mill, were lost. The breach of the dike at Ouwerkerk was the last one to be closed in the night of 6 to 7 November 1953.

Ouwerkerk was a separate municipality until 1961, when it was merged with the other villages of the former island of Duiveland, into the municipality of Duiveland.[3] On January 1 1997 Duiveland merged with the five other municipalities into Schouwen-Duiveland.

In the four caissons that were used for the closure of the dike, the Dutch Watersnoodmuseum has been established in 2001. In 2003, at the 50th anniversary of the North Sea flood of 1953, Queen Beatrix visited Ouwerkerk.

People from Ouwerkerk[edit]

Culture[edit]

The Watersnoodmuseum on the southside of the village is its main attraction. To the east of the museum (southeast of Ouwerkerk) are Brasserie De Vierbannen and Camping De Vierbannen. West of the museum (southwest of the village) are Ouwerkerk's beaches on Easter Scheldt.

In 1940 an association football club, SV Ouwerkerk, was established in the village. The club played in the Zesde Klasse in the late 1990s and in the Vijfde Klasse in the early 2000s. In 2015 it celebrated its 75th anniversary.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Statistics Netherlands (CBS), Bevolkingskernen in Nederland 2001 "Archived copy". Archived from the original on January 24, 2007. Retrieved January 24, 2007.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link). (Statistics are for the continuous built-up area).
  2. ^ Statistics Netherlands (CBS), Statline: Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2003-2005 "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 24, 2006. Retrieved July 24, 2006.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link). As of 1 January 2005.
  3. ^ Ad van der Meer and Onno Boonstra, Repertorium van Nederlandse gemeenten, KNAW, 2006.

External links[edit]