Ouyang in regular script
|Word/name||geographical place names|
|Derivation||Mount Ouyu (now Mount Sheng) and Yang riverbank|
|Derivative(s)||Âu Dương (Vietnamese)|
Ouyang (simplified Chinese: 欧阳; traditional Chinese: 歐陽; pinyin: Ōuyáng also spelled Oyang, O. Yang, O'Yang, Owyang, Au Yong, Auyong, Ah Yong, Auyang, Auyeung, Au Yeung, Au Yeang, Au Yeong, Au Ieong, Ao Ieong, Eoyang, Oyong, O'Young, Auwjong, Ojong, Owyong, Au Duong, Ou Young, Ow Young) is a Chinese surname. Ouyang is the most common two-character Chinese compound surname, being the only two-character name of the 400-most common Chinese surnames, according to 2013 study, and is one of the twenty-odd two-character surnames that have survived into modern times.
The Song Dynasty historian Ouyang Xiu traced the Ouyang surname to Ti (蹄, Pinyin: Tí), a prince of Yue, the second son of King Wujiang (無疆). After his state was extinguished by the state of Chu, Ti and his family was living in the south side of the Mount Ouyu (歐余山, currently called Mount Sheng 升山 in Huzhou, Zhejiang). In Classical Chinese, the south side of a mountain or the north bank of a river is called Yang (陽), thus the Ti family was called Ouyang. He was called Marquis of Ouyang Village (歐陽亭侯). Traditionally, Ti's ancestry can be traced through his father Wujiang, the King of Yue, to the semi-legendary Yu the Great (大禹).
According to a 2013 study, Ouyang was the 169th most common name in China, being shared by around 910000 people or 0.068% of the total population, with the province with the most people with the name being Hunan.
In terms of distribution Ouyangs have mostly been confined to southern China, especially the areas of southern Jiangxi, central Hubei and eastern Henan, with smaller pockets in Guangdong, Sichuan, Hunan and Guangxi.
The most prominent of the Ouyang clans historically was undoubtedly that of Yongfeng in Jiangxi, which produced a number of scholars who reached prominence in the imperial bureaucracy. Genealogical lineages and family trees have been established for a number of Ouyang clans around China, showing migration patterns from the Song to the Qing dynasty.
Immigration outside of China
There was a large immigration of Ouyangs in the late 19th century and early 20th century to the San Francisco Bay area, Sacramento Delta Area. In summer of 2005, the first extended Ouyang family reunion was held in Locke, near Sacramento. Over 200 Ouyangs attended and included speeches, sharing, family trees and documentation. This group continues to communicate using Ouyang Yahoo! Groups and spans members from across North America and beyond.
Notable people with this surname
- Ouyang Fei Fei, Taiwanese-Japanese singer.
- Ouyang Nana, Taiwanese actress.
- Ouyang Xiadan, CCTV News reporter
- Ouyang Xiu, Song dynasty scholar
- Ouyang Xun, Tang dynasty scholar
- Ouyang Zhan, Tang dynasty scholar
- Ouyang Ziyuan, Chinese cosmochemist and geochemist, chief scientist in charge of the Chinese Lunar Exploration Program
- Au Yeung Yiu Chung, Hong Kong footballer who won a 2009 East Asian Games gold medal
- Bobby Au-yeung, Hong Kong actor
- Jimmy O. Yang, born Au-yeung Man-Sing, Chinese-American stand-up comedian and actor
- MC Jin, born Jin Au-Yeung, hip-hop artist
- Myra Sidharta, born Auwjong Tjhoen Moy, Indonesian historian
- Darryl O'Young, Chinese name Au-Yeung Ruoxi, Canadian-born Hong Kong racing driver
- Petrus Kanisius Ojong, born Auwjong Peng Koen, co-founder of Indonesian newspaper Kompas
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