Ouyang

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Ōuyáng
歐陽姓 - 楷体.svg
Language(s)Chinese
Origin
Language(s)Chinese language
Word/nameGeographical place names
DerivationMount Ouyu (now Mount Sheng) and Yang riverbank
MeaningPeople, country...

Ouyang (traditional Chinese: 歐陽; simplified Chinese: 欧阳; pinyin: Ōuyáng) is a Chinese surname. It is the most common two-character Chinese compound surname, being the only two-character name of the 400-most common Chinese surnames, according to 2013 study, and is one of the twenty-odd two-character surnames that have survived into modern times.[1]

Etymology[edit]

歐陽 was spelled as :

  • Chinese languages : Ouyang, Oyang, O Yang, O'Yang, Owyang, Au Yong, Auyong, Ah Yong, Auyang, Auyeung, Au Yeung, Au Yeang, Au Yeong, Au Ieong, Ao Ieong, Eoyang, Oyong, O'Young, Auwjong, Ojong, Owyong, Ou Young, Ow Yeong, Ow Young
  • Vietnamese languages : An-dương · Arang · Orang · Urang (安陽, in ancient Annam), Âu-dương (in Northern), Âu-giương (in Central), Âu-dzương (in Southern), Âu-rương, Âu-lương, Âu-lang, Âu-giang
  • Korean languages : 구양 (九陽, 固阳, Guyang)
  • Japanese languages : おうよう[2] (鷹揚 / Ōyō), オウヤン[3] (株)
  • Others : ㄡㄤˊ (in Bopomofo)

History[edit]

The Song Dynasty historian Ouyang Xiu traced the Ouyang surname to Ti (, pinyin: Tí), a prince of Yue, the second son of King Wujiang (無疆). After his state was extinguished by the state of Chu, Ti and his family lived in the south side of the Mount Ouyu (歐余山, currently called Mount Sheng 升山 in Huzhou, Zhejiang). In Classical Chinese, the south side of a mountain or the north bank of a river is called Yang (), thus the Ti family was called Ouyang. He was called Marquis of Ouyang Village (歐陽亭侯). Traditionally, Ti's ancestry can be traced through his father Wujiang, the King of Yue, to the semi-legendary Yu the Great (大禹).

According to a 2013 study, Ouyang was the 169th most common name in China, being shared by around 910000 people or 0.068% of the total population, with the province with the most people with the name being Hunan.

Geographical origins[edit]

In terms of distribution Ouyangs have mostly been confined to southern China, especially the areas of southern Jiangxi, central Hubei and eastern Henan, with smaller pockets in Guangdong, Sichuan, Hunan and Guangxi.[4]

Notable clans[edit]

The most prominent of the Ouyang clans historically was undoubtedly that of Yongfeng in Jiangxi, which produced a number of scholars who reached prominence in the imperial bureaucracy. Genealogical lineages and family trees have been established for a number of Ouyang clans around China, showing migration patterns from the Song to the Qing dynasty.

In Vietnam, this clan was often shortcut as Âu (歐), Dương (阳) or Dương/Giàng (陽).

Notable people[edit]

Culture[edit]

By Vietnamese scholars, 歐陽 may be an origin of words văn-lang (minang / 文郎), mê-linh (maleng / 麊泠), âu-lạc (urang, orang, anak / 甌雒, 甌駱) and an-dương (arang / 安陽) what means "people" or "country" in ancient Tai and Malayo-Polynesian languages.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 武洁,杨建春 (2014-06-23). 张、王、李、赵谁最多——2010年人口普查姓氏结构和分布特点 (in Chinese). 北京: 《中国统计》 2014年06期. Archived from the original on 2015-01-19. Retrieved 2015-01-19.
  2. ^ 詞條名稱:鷹揚ㄧㄥㄧㄤˊㄧyīng-yáng
  3. ^ ホーム | オウヤン(株)
  4. ^ 李開菊 (2007-08-28). "本"姓"難移 歐陽後代爭復姓" (in Chinese). 《自由時報》. Archived from the original on 2015-01-28. Retrieved 2015-01-27.