Overland Automobile

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Coordinates: 39°45′32″N 86°10′36″W / 39.758764°N 86.176673°W / 39.758764; -86.176673

Overland Automobile Company
TypeAutomobile Manufacturing
FounderClaude Cox
FateAcquired by John North Willys
HeadquartersIndianapolis, Indiana[1]

The Overland Automobile Company was an American automobile manufacturer. It was one of the world‘s first automobile manufacturers founded in the beginning of the 20th century.


The Overland Automobile "runabout" was founded by Claude Cox, a graduate of Rose Polytechnic Institute, while he was employed by Standard Wheel Company of Terre Haute, Indiana, United States, in 1903. In 1905, Standard Wheel allowed Cox to relocate the Overland Automobile Company to Indianapolis, Indiana, and he got a partner.

In 1908, Overland Motors was purchased by John North Willys. In 1912, it was renamed Willys-Overland.

One of the more unusual uses of an Overland was in 1911 when Milton Reeves used a 1910 model to create his eight-wheel Reeves Octo-Auto.

Overlands continued to be produced until 1926 when the marque was succeeded by the Willys Whippet.

The last vestige of the Overland automobile empire remains in the form of bricks spelling out "Overland" in the smoke stacks at the Toledo factory that once formed the core of Willys automotive empire. But the name would come back when DaimlerChrysler (Now Fiat Chrysler Automobiles) introduced the Overland name for a trim package on the 2002–present (except 2005 model year) Jeep Grand Cherokee. The badging is a recreation of the Overland nameplate from the early twentieth century.


Year Model
1903 Model 13
1904 Model 13, Model 15
1905 Model 15, Model 17, Model 18
1906 Model 16, Model 18
1907 Model 22
1908 Model 24
1909 Model 30, Model 31, Modell 32, Model 34
1910 Model 38, Model 40, Model 41, Model 42
1911 20 hp, 25 hp, 30 hp, 40 hp
1912 Model 58, Model 59, Model 60, Model 61



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