Overmyer Network

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Overmyer Network
The United Network
TypeBroadcast television network
Country
AvailabilityDefunct
FoundedJuly 12, 1966 (1966-07-12)
by Daniel H. Overmyer
Launch date
May 1, 1967 (1967-05-01)
DissolvedJune 1, 1967 (1967-06-01)
(31 days)

The Overmyer Network/United Network was a television network. It was intended to be a fourth national commercial network in the United States, competing with the Big Three television networks. The network was founded by self-made millionaire Daniel H. Overmyer, who started WDHO-TV (now WNWO-TV, an NBC affiliate), in his birthplace, Toledo, Ohio, which signed on the air on May 3, 1966.[1] Overmyer had construction permits for several other UHF stations that were intended to be owned-and-operated stations of the new network. Before going on the air, the majority interest in those stations was sold to AVC Corporation in March of 1967.[2][3][4][5][6][7] A social conservative ("I'm against smut," he declared), Overmyer decided to create a nationwide hookup, enticing existing stations with a 50-50 profit split with potential affiliates (something that the established network's affiliates had been trying to get from ABC, CBS and NBC for years). Under the leadership of former ABC television president Oliver Treyz, the ON was scheduled to debut in the fall of 1967 with anywhere from 75 to 125 affiliates with an 8 hour broadcasting day.[8][9]

From ON to UN[edit]

Original Overmyer Network logo (re-created from an old UPI photograph).

The network planned to offer eight hours of programming per day, seven days per week, to its affiliate stations. A daily news service, from United Press International, would provide each station with news. Cultural and sports programming, including Tales from the Great Book (an animated Bible series) and regional games of the Continental Football League, were also planned.[10][11] By July 1966, 35 stations had agreed to affiliate with the new network.[12]

Before the network even went on the air, Overmyer was forced to sell a majority share to investors, although he remained the largest shareholder. In early 1967, Overmyer tried to persuade the Mutual Broadcasting System (who had toyed with the idea of their own TV network in the late 1940s) to engage in a merger of the two networks, as a way to raise more money in the venture. The Mutual board turned thumbs-down on the merger proposal, but three Mutual stockholders formed a separate group with 11 wealthy western businessmen to buy out Overmyer.[13] Rechristened The United Network, which used an upper-case U inside a television screen as the network's logo, the net hit the air on May 1, 1967 with The Las Vegas Show on 106 stations.[14] Hosted by Bill Dana from the Hotel Hacienda in Las Vegas, the two-hour late-night show featured regulars Ann Elder, Pete Barbutti, Danny Meahan, Joanne Worley, Cully Richards and Jack Sheldon.[15]

The network itself, except for a few independent stations in the larger markets, was mostly made up of CBS stations who aired The Las Vegas Show at 11:30 local time, tape delayed from the 11:00 start seen on United-only east coast stations. The network called WPIX in New York City and KHJ-TV in Los Angeles their flagship stations, even though neither was owned by Overmyer/United.[16] Additionally, the WPIX broadcast was often delayed until the weekend due to their commitment to New York Yankees baseball.[17] The network also lacked clearance in some large cities, including San Francisco (which was waiting for KEMO to be approved by the FCC).

The end[edit]

The average viewership for The Las Vegas Show was 2.6 million.[18] Despite the hype, initially good reviews and high-caliber guest stars, the network quickly started to bleed money; the transmission lines leased from the Bell System, which was the main carrier for television network transmissions at the time, proved to be too expensive. Sources close to the network also claimed that the network launch was too close to the end of the traditional broadcast season, when major sponsors were near the end of their advertising budgets. (During the last days of operation, network president Oliver Treyz made an on-air appeal to potential sponsors, pointing out that air time on Las Vegas was a mere $6,000 a minute, barely a third of what NBC was charging for The Tonight Show.)[19] Both show and network disappeared after the June 1 (some sources say June 3 or June 5) broadcast.[20][21]

A notice was sent to the network's 107 affiliate stations the first week of June. The notice stated:[22]

The executive committee of our board of directors, instructed me to inform you that with deep regret we are obliged to advise you that the United Network ceased its interconnected program operations as of May 31, 1967.

"Please be advised that the United Network staff has done everything possible in connection without [sic] efforts to plan and launch the Las Vegas program and other United Network endeavors.

"Station co-operation has been magnificent. We are indeed indebted to you for all your help. Regretfully, Oliver Treyz.

At the time of the company's bankruptcy declaration, the United Network had accrued a nearly $700,000 debt.[23]

Overmyer / United affiliates[edit]

The Las Vegas Show was aired in the following markets as verified by citations:

Station City and Network Affiliation
WPIX 11 New York Independent [24]
KHJ-TV 9 Los Angeles Independent [25][26]
WGN-TV 9 Chicago Independent [27]
WPHL-TV 17 Philadelphia Independent [28]
KEMO-TV 20 San Francisco Independent [29][30][31] ; original affiliate but did not sign on until 1968, The Las Vegas Show did not air in San Francisco[32]
WKBD-TV 50 Detroit Independent [33]
WBMO-TV 36 Atlanta Independent [34] ; original affiliate but did not sign on until 1969 as WATL-TV, Las Vegas Show actually aired on WAGA-TV Ch. 5 (CBS)
WDHO 24 Toledo, Ohio Independent [35]
KTNT 11 Seattle-Tacoma, Washington Independent [36]
KZAZ 11 Tucson, Arizona Independent [37]
KWGN-TV 2 Denver Independent [38][39]
WECO-TV 53 Pittsburgh Independent [40] [41]; original affiliate but did not sign on until 1969 as WPGH-TV, Las Vegas Show actually aired on WIIC-TV Ch. 11 (NBC)
WMET-TV 24 Baltimore Independent [42]
WTTG 5 Washington, D.C. Independent [43]
KPHO-TV 5 Phoenix, Arizona Independent [44]
KICU-TV 43 Visalia, California Independent [45]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Broadcasting May 9, 1966 Page 60 and 61" (PDF). americanradiohistory.com.
  2. ^ "Broadcasting April 3, 1967 Page 80" (PDF). americanradiohistory.com.
  3. ^ "Once again" (PDF). americanradiohistory.com. Broadcasting Magazine November 13, 1967 Closed Circuit Section.
  4. ^ "Second looks" (PDF). americanradiohistory.com. Broadcasting Magazine November 20, 1967 Closed Circuit Section.
  5. ^ "Overmyer stalled" (PDF). americanradiohistory.com. Broadcasting Magazine November 27, 1967 Closed Circuit Section.
  6. ^ "Squeaky vote" (PDF). americanradiohistory.com. Broadcasting Magazine December 11, 1967 Closed Circuit Section.
  7. ^ "Broadcasting January 22, 1968 Page 37 Overmyer sale papers are signed" (PDF). Overmyer sale papers are signed.
  8. ^ "Bold Venture in TV Networking" (PDF). Overmyer sale papers are signed. Broadcasting Magazine July 18, 1966 p. 25.
  9. ^ "Screenings Bob Foster The Times San Mateo, CA December 5, 1966 p. 27". Newspapers.com.
  10. ^ "CFL Signs Network TV Contract For 1967 Orlando Evening Star Orlando, FL November 23, 1966 p. 10". Newspapers.com.
  11. ^ "The Fourth Steps Forth". Sports Illustrated. August 15, 1966. Retrieved January 8, 2011.
  12. ^ "Plan Fourth TV Network The Des Moines Register Des Moines, IA July 13, 1966 p. 7". Newspapers.com.
  13. ^ "New Blood in New Network" (PDF). americanradiohistory.com. Broadcasting Magazine March 13, 1967 p. 23.
  14. ^ "Fledgling United Network Set to Resume Broadcasts Independent Long Beach, CA July 3, 1967 p. 12". Newspapers.com.
  15. ^ "High Stakes in Las Vegas Show The Los Angeles Times Los Angeles, CA May 1, 1967 p. 78". Newspapers.com.
  16. ^ "Overmyer signs key Coast outlet" (PDF). americanradiohistory.com. Broadcasting Magazine October 3, 1966 p. 36.
  17. ^ "The Bridgeport Telegram Bridgeport, CT May 1, 1967 p. 15". Newspapers.com.
  18. ^ "Dana Clarifying Downfall of 'The Las Vegas Show' Nashua Telegraph Nashua, NH June 7, 1967 p. 15". Newspapers.com.
  19. ^ "Late Night Las Vegas Show, Started May 1, Bites Dust". Associated Press (via The Morning Record). Meriden, CT. 1967-06-02. p. 3. Retrieved 27 July 2013.
  20. ^ "United Network forced to quit" (PDF). Broadcasting Magazine June 5, 1967 p. 34.
  21. ^ "Corpus Christi Caller-Times June 4, 1967 p.106 TV Investors Lose $2.2 Million". Newspapers.com. Retrieved September 18, 2019.
  22. ^ Gysel, Dean (June 4, 1967). "Services Held For Infant Network". The Corpus Christi Caller-Times. Corpus Christi, TX. p. 106.
  23. ^ "Broadcasting Magazine June 26, 1967 p. 80 $690,000 deficit in UN bankruptcy filing" (PDF). americanradiohistory.com.
  24. ^ "Daily News May 3, 1967 p. 53". Newspapers.com. Daily News New York, New York.
  25. ^ "Valley Times May 1, 1967 p. 20". Newspapers.com. Valley Times North Hollywood, California.
  26. ^ "Los Angeles Times May 3, 1967 p.78". Newspapers.com. Los Angeles Times Los Angeles, California.
  27. ^ "Chicago Tribune May 6, 1967 p.69". Newspapers.com. Chicago Tribune Chicago, Illinois.
  28. ^ "The Philadelphia Enquirer May 17, 1967 p.23". Newspapers.com.
  29. ^ Independent "KEMO-TV Due in S.F." Newspapers.com. The San Francisco Examiner September 27, 1966 p. 35. Retrieved September 17, 2018.
  30. ^ "Birth of A Network". Newspapers.com. The San Francisco Examiner October 2, 1966 p. 41. Retrieved September 17, 2018.
  31. ^ "ON claims 123 affiliates" (PDF). americanradiohistory.com. Broadcasting Magazine December 5, 1966 p. 42.
  32. ^ Article mentions The Las Vegas Show is not airing in San Francisco. "The San Francisco Examiner May 2, 1967 p. 25 New Network Bows in Vegas". Newspapers.com. The San Francisco Examiner San Francisco, California.
  33. ^ "Detroit Free Press May 21, 1967 p.108". Newspapers.com. The Detroit Free Press Detroit, MI.
  34. ^ "ON claims 123 affiliates" (PDF). americanradiohistory.com. Broadcasting Magazine December 5, 1966 p. 42.
  35. ^ "The News-Messenger May 16, 1967 p. 17". Newspapers.com. The News-Messenger Fremont, Ohio.
  36. ^ "Port Angeles Evening News May 15, 1967 p.13". Newspapers.com. Port Angeles Evening News Port Angeles , WA.
  37. ^ "The Tuscon Daily Citizen Tuscon, AZ May 5, 1967 p. 16". Newspapers.com.
  38. ^ "Ft. Collins Coloradoan May 8, 1967 p.6". Newspapers.com. Ft. Collins Coloradoan Ft. Collins, Colorado.
  39. ^ "Colorado Springs Gazette-Telegraph May 20, 1967 p. 37". Newspapers.com. Colorado Springs Gazette-Telegraph Colorado Springs, Colorado.
  40. ^ "ON claims 123 affiliates" (PDF). americanradiohistory.com. Broadcasting Magazine December 5, 1966 p. 42.
  41. ^ The Pittsburgh Post Gazette July 13, 1966 p. 31. "A Fourth Network To Debut Sept. '67". Newspapers.com. Retrieved September 13, 2019.
  42. ^ "The Baltimore Sun May 1, 1967 p.24". Newspapers.com. The Baltimore Sun.
  43. ^ "The Baltimore Sun May 1, 1967 p.24". Newspapers.com. The Baltimore Sun.
  44. ^ "Arizona Republic May 26, 1967 p. 61". Newspapers.com. Arizona Republic Phoenix, Arizona.
  45. ^ "Tulare Advance-Register Tulare, CA May 13, 1967 p. 13 Bill Dana at 8:30 pm". Newspapers.com.
  46. ^ "The Lompoc Record Lompoc, CA May 29, 1967 p. 11 Bill Dana at 11:30 pm". Newspapers.com.
  47. ^ "El Paso Herald-Post El Paso, TX May 1, 1967 p. 4". Newspapers.com.
  48. ^ "The Daily Oklahoman May 24, 1967 p. 17". Newspapers.com. The Daily Oklahoman Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.
  49. ^ "The Capital Journal May 3, 1967 p. 16". Newspapers.com. The Capital Journal (Salem, Oregon).
  50. ^ "Hartford Courant May 1, 1967 p.10". Newspapers.com. Hartford Courant Hartford, CT.
  51. ^ "The Courier-Gazette May 10, 1967 p.7". Newspapers.com. The Courier-Gazette McKinney, Texas.
  52. ^ "Star-Tribune May 1, 1967 p.53". Newspapers.com. Star-Tribune Minneapolis, MN.
  53. ^ "Ft. Lauderdale News May 12, 1967 p.66". Newspapers.com. Ft. Lauderdale News Ft. Lauderdale, FL.
  54. ^ "The Boston Globe May 16, 1966 p. 38". Newspapers.com. The Boston Globe Boston, Massachusetts.
  55. ^ "The Journal Times May 2, 1967 p. 18". Newspapers.com. The Journal Times Racine, Wisconsin.
  56. ^ "The Lawton Constitution Lawton, OK May 26, 1967 p. 25". Newspapers.com.
  57. ^ "Green Bay Press-Gazette May 14, 1967 p. 61". Newspapers.com. Green Bay Press-Gazette Green Bay, Wisconsin.
  58. ^ "Reno Gazette-Journal Reno. NV May13, 1967 p. 24". Newspapers.com.
  59. ^ "The Ogden Standard-Examiner May 15, 1967 p. 19". Newspapers.com. The Ogden Standard-Examiner Ogden, Utah.
  60. ^ "Warren Times-Mirror and Observer Warren, PA May 4, 1967 p. 17". Newspapers.com.
  61. ^ "Wellsville Daily Reporter May 18, 1967 p. 7". Newspapers.com. Wellsville Daily Reporter Wellsville, New York.
  62. ^ "Broadcasting Magazine March 27, 1967 p. 59" (PDF). americanradiohistory.com.
  63. ^ "Democrat and Chronicle Rochester, NY May 8, 1967 p. 8". Newspapers.com.
  64. ^ "Democrat and Chronicle Rochester, NY May 8, 1967 p. 8". Newspapers.com.
  65. ^ Kalispell Daily Interlake, 1 May 1967
  66. ^ "The Greenville News Greenville, SC May 2, 1967 p. 9". Newspapers.com.
  67. ^ "The Danville Register Danville, VA May 10, 1967 p.13". Newspapers.com.
  68. ^ "Cincinnati Enquirer May 7, 1967 p.274". Newspapers.com. Cincinnati Enquirer Cincinnati, Ohio.
  69. ^ "The Daily Advertiser Lafayette, LA May 3, 1967 p. 22". Newspapers.com.
  70. ^ "The Corpus Christi Caller-Times Corpus Christi, TX May 8, 1967 p. 28". Newspapers.com.
  71. ^ "The Sedalia Democrat May 26, 1967 p.14". Newspapers.com. The Sedalia Democrat Sedalia, MO.
  72. ^ "The Progress-Index Petersburg, VA May 13, 1967 p. 12". Newspapers.com.
  73. ^ "Northwest Arkansas Times Fayetteville, AR May 20, 1967 p. 2". Newspapers.com.
  74. ^ "The Delta Democrat-Times Greenville, Mississippi May 17, 1967 p. 10". Newspapers.com.
  75. ^ "Monday TV Log". Newspapers.com. The Atlanta Constitution May 13, 1967 p. 52. Retrieved September 16, 2018.
  76. ^ "Pensacola News Journal Pensacola, FL May 14, 1967 p. 98". Newspapers.com.
  77. ^ Winnipeg Free Press, 10 June 1967
  78. ^ "San Antonio Express San Antonio, TX May 2, 1967 p. 39".
  79. ^ "Battle Creek Enquirer May 1, 1967 p. 7". Newspapers.com. Battle Creek Enquirer Battle Creek, Michigan.
  80. ^ "Daily Press May 14, 1967 p. 130". Newspapers.com. Daily Press Newport News, Virginia.
  81. ^ "The Daily Independent May 15, 1967 p. 4". Newspapers.com. The Daily Independent Kannapolis, North Carolina.
  82. ^ "The Salina Journal Salina, KS May 12, 1967 p. 24". Newspapers.com.
  83. ^ "The Emporia Gazette Emporia, KS May 8, 1967 p. 8". Newspapers.com.
  84. ^ "Hope Star Hope, AR May 27, 1967 p. 3". Newspapers.com.
  85. ^ "Colorado Springs Gazette-Telegraph Colorado Springs, CO May 6, 1967 p. 37". Newspapers.com.
  86. ^ "The Orlando Sentinel Orlando, FL May 21, 1967 p. 129". Newspapers.com.
  87. ^ "The Orlando Sentinel Orlando, FL May 21, 1967 p. 129". Newspapers.com.
  88. ^ "The Dispatch Moline, IL May 15, 1967 p. 16". Newspapers.com.
  89. ^ "The Jackson Sun May 23, 1967 p. 9". Newspapers.com. The Jackson (TN) Sun.
  90. ^ "The Jackson Sun May 23, 1967 p. 9". Newspapers.com. The Jackson (TN) Sun.
  91. ^ "The Montgomery Advertiser May 4, 1967 p.37". Newspapers.com. The Montgomery Advertiser Montgomery, Alabama.
  92. ^ "The Montgomery Advertiser May, 29, 1967 p. 10". Newspapers.com. The Montgomery Advertiser Montgomery, Alabama.
  93. ^ "Spokane Chronicle May 3, 1967 p. 7". Newspapers.com. Spokane Chronicle Spokane, Washington.
  94. ^ "Tampa Bay Times May 18, 1967 p. 31". Newspapers.com. Tampa Bay Times St. Petersburg, Florida.
  95. ^ "The Tallahassee Democrat May 22, 1967 p. 6". Newspapers.com. The Tallahassee Democrat Talahassee, Florida.
  96. ^ "The Bismark Tribune May 27, 1967 p. 8". Newspapers.com. The Bismark Tribune Bismark, North Dakota.
  97. ^ "The Jackson Sun May 30, 1967 p. 15". Newspapers.com. The Jackson Sun Jackson, Tennessee.
  98. ^ "Hobbs Daily News-Sun May 14, 1967 p. 2". Newspapers.com. Hobbs Daily News-Sun Hobbs, New Mexico.
  99. ^ "Belvidere Daily Republican May 1, 1967 p. 2". Newspapers.com. Belvidere Daily Republican Belvidere, Illinois.
  100. ^ "The Pantagraph May 6, 1967 p.29". Newspapers.com. The Pantagraph Bloomington, Illinois.
  101. ^ "Journal Gazette May 1, 1967 p. 7". Newspapers.com. Journal Gazette Matoon, Illinois.
  102. ^ "The Hillsdale Daily News May 27, 1967 p. 7". Newspapers.com. The Hillsdale Daily News Hillsdale, Michigan.
  103. ^ "The Terra Haute Tribune May 31, 1967 p. 27". Newspapers.com. The Terra Haute Tribune Terra Haute, Indiana.
  104. ^ "Rocky Mount Telegram May 19, 1967 p. 9". Newspapers.com. Rocky Mount Telegram Rocky Mount, North Carolina.
  105. ^ "Indepenent Star-News Pasadena, CA May14, 1967 p. 83". Newspapers.com.
  106. ^ "Tyler Morning Telegraph Tyler, TX May 3, 1967 p. 14". Newspapers.com.
  107. ^ "The Daily Journal Fergus Falls, MN May 17, 1967 p. 2". Newspapers.com.
  108. ^ "The Baytown Sun May 28, 1967 p. 17". Newspapers.com. The Baytown Sun Baytown, Texas.
  109. ^ "Las Vegas Optic Las Vegas, NM May 29, 1967 p. 2". Newspapers.com.
  110. ^ "Las Vegas Show Set on WIIC-TV". Newspapers.com. The Pittsburgh Post Gazette May 5, 1967 p. 33. Retrieved September 17, 2018.
  111. ^ "Vegas, Torre Shows List Week's Guests". Newspapers.com. The Pittsburgh Post Gazette May 11, 1967 p. 45. Retrieved September 17, 2018.
  112. ^ "Sioux City Journal Sioux City, IA May 11, 1967 p. 27". Newspapers.com.
  113. ^ "The St. Louis Post-Dispatch May 20, 1967 p.18". Newspapers.com. The St. Louis Post-Dispatch.
  114. ^ "The South Bend Tribune South Bend, IN April 25, 1967 p. 16". Newspapers.com.
  115. ^ "The South Bend Tribune South Bend, IN April 29, 1967 p. 29". Newspapers.com.
  116. ^ "The Anderson Herald May 13, 1967 p. 23". Newspapers.com. The Anderson Herald Anderson Indiana.
  117. ^ "The Tampa Times May 20, 1967 p. 21". Newspapers.com. The Tampa Times Tampa, Florida.
  118. ^ Times-Picayune, May 2, 1967,
  119. ^ "Wausau Daily Herald May 5, 1967 p. 4". Newspapers.com. Wausau Daily Herald Wausau, Wisconsin.
  120. ^ "The Akron Beacon Journal May 6, 1967 p. 32". Nespapers.com. The Akron Beacon Journal Akron, Ohio.
  121. ^ "The Greenwood Commonwealth Greenwood, MS May 2, 1967 p. 5". Newspapers.com.
  122. ^ a b Lima News, 1 May 1967
  123. ^ "Dayton Daily News Dayton, OH April 24, 1967 p. 26". Newspapers.com.
  124. ^ "Dayton Daily News Dayton, OH May 16, 1967 p. 51". Newspapers.com.
  125. ^ "The Des Moines Register Des Moines, IA April 30, 1967 p. 56". Newspapers.com.
  126. ^ "The Courier-Journal May 9, 1967 p. 20 Dana Not Seen in Louisville". Newspapers.com. The Courier-Journal Louisville, Kentucky.
  127. ^ "The Anniston Star May 6, 1967 p.7". The Anniston Star Anniston, Alabama.

External links[edit]