Overseas Community Affairs Council

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Overseas Community Affairs Commission
僑務委員會
Qiáo Wù Wěiyuánhuì (Mandarin)
Khièu-vu Vî-yèn-fi (Hakka)
ROC Overseas Community Affairs Council Emblem.svg
Logo
Joint Central Government Office Building, Executive Yuan 20130708.jpg
Agency overview
FormedOctober 1926 (in Guangzhou, Republic of China)
JurisdictionTaiwan (Republic of China)
HeadquartersZhongzheng, Taipei
Ministers responsible
Parent agencyExecutive Yuan
Websitewww.ocac.gov.tw

The Overseas Community Affairs Commission (OCAC; Chinese: 僑務委員會; pinyin: Qiáo Wù Wěiyuánhuì; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Kiâu-bū Úi-oân-hōe) is a cabinet-level council of the Executive Yuan of the Republic of China (Taiwan). Its main objective is to serve as a cultural, education, economic and informational exchanges organization between Taiwan and the overseas Taiwanese and Chinese descent communities. Its remit is not limited to expatriates from Taiwan, but includes all ethnic Taiwanese and Chinese living in a foreign country who "identify with the Republic of China (ROC)".[1]

With the evolution of the political landscape and the Taiwanese localization movement, the organization now puts emphasis not only in Standard Chinese, but also on Taiwanese, Hakka, and other Taiwanese cultural expressions.[clarification needed] It offers information about aboriginal tribes in Taiwan, and its overseas offices may serve, in addition to the Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Offices.

Organizational structures[edit]

  • Department of Policy Research and Development
  • Department of Overseas Chinese Network Services
  • Department of Overseas Chinese Education
  • Department of Overseas Chinese Business
  • Department of Overseas Chinese Student Counseling
  • Secretariat Office
  • Personnel Office
  • Civil Service Ethics Office
  • Accounting and Statistics Office
  • Information Management Office
  • Overseas Chinese News Agency
  • Legal Affairs Committee

Title changes[edit]

Name Time in use
Overseas Chinese Affairs Commission October 1926 – April 2006
Overseas Compatriot Affairs Commission April 2006 – 1 September 2012
Overseas Chinese Affairs Commission 1 September 2012 – 12 November 2012
Overseas Community Affairs Council Since 12 November 2012[2]

The English title of the council was changed from "Overseas Chinese Affairs Commission" to "Overseas Compatriot Affairs Commission" in 2006, officially to "avoid being confused as a governmental body of the People's Republic of China", under the desinicization policies of President Chen Shui-bian. However, its English acronym OCAC and Chinese name remained the same, to reduce the expense for its official title change. After the Kuomintang renewed its mandate in the 2012 election, the official English name was changed back to the original.

However, in November 2012 there was a controversy when it was discovered that the OCAC used simplified Chinese characters in some of its teaching materials. Amid threats in November 2012 from Democratic Progressive Party legislators to freeze the OCAC's budget, its director relented to demands to rename the OCAC to the ROC (Taiwan) Overseas Community Affairs Council.[1]

Ministers[edit]

Wu Hsin-hsing, the incumbent Minister of Overseas Community Affairs Council.

Political Party:   Kuomintang   Democratic Progressive Party   Non-partisan/ unknown

Name Term of Office Days Political Party Cabinet
14 Chang Fu-mei (張富美) 20 May 2000 19 May 2008 2921[3] Democratic Progressive Party Tang Fei
Chang Chun-hsiung I
Yu Shyi-kun
Frank Hsieh
Su Tseng-chang I
Chang Chun-hsiung II
15 Wu Ying-yih (吳英毅) 20 May 2008 1 August 2013 1899 Kuomintang Liu Chao-shiuan
Wu Den-yih
Chen Chun
Jiang Yi-huah
16 Chen Shyh-kwei (陳士魁) 1 August 2013 19 May 2016 1022 Kuomintang Jiang Yi-huah
Mao Chi-kuo
Chang San-cheng
17 Wu Hsin-hsing (吳新興) 20 May 2016 Incumbent 1001 Lin Chuan
William Lai
Su Tseng-chang II

Access[edit]

The council is accessible within walking distance North East from NTU Hospital Station of the Taipei Metro.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Shih Hsiu-chuan (2012-11-13). "DPP slams OCAC's use of simplified characters". Taipei Times. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
  2. ^ "News Ticker". Taiwan Today. Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of China (Taiwan). 13 November 2012.
  3. ^ Longest serving female cabinet member.

External links[edit]