Overton Lodge

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Overton Lodge Masonic Temple
RogersvilleMasonicTemple.jpg
Overton Lodge is located within Rogersville Historic District
Location 103 East Main Street, Rogersville, Tennessee
Nearest city Rogersville, Tennessee
Coordinates 36°24′52″N 82°59′51″W / 36.41444°N 82.99750°W / 36.41444; -82.99750Coordinates: 36°24′52″N 82°59′51″W / 36.41444°N 82.99750°W / 36.41444; -82.99750
Built 1840
Architectural style Neoclassical, with Federal influence
Part of Rogersville Historic District (#73001787)
Designated CP February 23, 1973

Overton Lodge is No. 5 in the Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons of Tennessee. Overton is located on the Courthouse Square in Rogersville Historic District in downtown Rogersville, Tennessee.

History[edit]

Early history and name[edit]

Founded December 14, 1805, Overton Lodge was, at the time of its formation, a part of the Grand Lodge of North Carolina and Tennessee.

The Lodge was named in honor of John Overton, 1766-1833, by John Williams. Overton was a prominent Tennessee jurist and Freemason, who practiced law with another young lawyer and Freemason, Andrew Jackson.

Overton was appointed by Tennessee governor John Sevier to succeed Jackson, in 1804, as the judge of the superior court in Nashville. He held this post until 1810, and in 1811 was elected a justice of the Supreme Court of Tennessee, which office he filled till his resignation in 1816. During this period he wrote "Overton's Reports," which include the time from 1791 to 1817, and are of great value as a repository of the land laws of Tennessee.

When the eight lodges in Tennessee came together to form the new Grand Lodge of Tennessee in Knoxville on December 27, 1813, Overton Lodge sent representatives to the convention that established the new grand lodge, and as such, it is one of Tennessee's founding lodges.

Acquiring a home[edit]

It is unclear where Overton Lodge met in the first years of its existence, but it is plain that they eventually acquired the former Branch Office of the Bank of Tennessee, located on the Courthouse Square in downtown Rogersville. This building, circa 1840, is an example of Federal, neoclassical architecture that dominates the Historic District of Rogersville.

During the Civil War[edit]

Overton Lodge was one of the few Lodges in the State to remain active during each year of the American Civil War, and it is by virtue of this distinction that Overton may claim to be the oldest, continuously-operated lodge in the State: all four of the older Lodges, including the currently extant Greeneville Lodge No. 3, had their charters revoked or have since gone defunct.

Bicentennial year[edit]

In 2005, Overton Lodge celebrated its two-hundredth year of Freemasonry in the heart of Rogersville. The Lodge recognized the achievements of its forebears, and offered special commemorative memorabilia as a part of the celebration.

National Register of Historic Places[edit]

The Masonic Temple sits on the northeast corner of the Courthouse Square in downtown Rogersville.

The Lodge's building (the Overton Lodge Masonic Temple) is listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places as a contributing property in the Rogersville Historic District; as such, it is an historically-significant part of the reason that the district was itself included on the National Register.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  • History of Tennessee from the Earliest Time to the Present. Nashville: Goodspeed. 1887. OCLC 7914830. 
  • Price, Henry R (2002). Old Rogersville: An Illustrated History of Rogersville, Tennessee. 1. Rogersville: H R Price. OCLC 51158046. 
  • Price, Henry R (1996). Hawkins County: A Pictoral History. Virginia Beach: Donnings Co. ISBN 0-89865-974-4.