|Location||Milton, West Dunbartonshire, Scotland|
|Built for||James White|
|Architectural style(s)||Scots Baronial|
|Designated||3 March 1971|
Overtoun House is a 19th-century country house and estate in West Dunbartonshire, Scotland. Situated on a hill overlooking the River Clyde, it is two kilometres (1.2 mi) north of the village of Milton and three kilometres (1.9 mi) east of the town of Dumbarton. The house, an example of Scottish Baronial architecture, was built in the 1860s, and was donated to the people of Dumbarton in 1938. It was subsequently a maternity hospital, and now houses a Christian centre. The house is protected as a category A listed building, while the grounds are included in the Inventory of Gardens and Designed Landscapes in Scotland.
Overtoun Bridge, an arched approach bridge over the Overtoun Burn within the estate, has gained media attention because of the unusually large number of dogs that have reportedly leaped to their deaths there.
In 1859, James White, a retired lawyer and a co-owner of the J & J White Chemical Works in Rutherglen, bought Overtoun Farm with the purpose of building a mansion there. He intended for it to be a country retreat, and initially acquired 900 acres (360 ha); he soon increased this to 2,000 acres (810 ha). White hired the Glasgow-based architect James Smith (1808–1863) (father of the murder suspect Madeleine Smith) to design and construct the house. A farmhouse on the site was demolished to make way for the mansion. Overtoun House was built between 1860 and 1863, though Smith died before work was completed, and the house was completed by one of his partners. White's family began living in the mansion in 1862. It is recorded that the grounds were laid out by Mr C Kemp of Birkenhead, which is thought to refer to the landscape gardener Edward Kemp (1817–1891), who was superintendent of Birkenhead Park for Joseph Paxton.
In 1884 James White died, and his son John moved to the estate in 1891 after the death of his mother. John White wanted the house to be expanded further, so he came to an agreement in 1892 with a local pastor, Reverend Dixon Swan, the heir to the adjacent Garshake Farm lands. Under the deal, John White was able to lay out the West Drive and its lodge. The eastern and western sides of the estate were split by a waterfall on the Overtoun Burn. To connect the two sides, a road was built and the Overtoun Bridge erected to designs by Henry Milner, son of Edward Milner.
John White took the additional surname of Campbell, and was elevated to the peerage as Baron Overtoun in 1893. However, he died childless in 1908, and was succeeded by his nephew Dr Douglas White, a London-based General practitioner. Lady Overtoun continued to live in the house until 1931, after which Dr White, who seldom visited Scotland, gave the house to the people of Dumbarton in 1938.
During the Second World War Overtoun was turned into a convalescent home for injured soldiers and locals. The house remained mainly isolated, and it was not damaged by the bombings of the nearby Clydeside shipyards.
In 1947 Overtoun was turned into a maternity hospital. A fire destroyed part of the house in 1948, although there were no deaths, and the hospital remained in operation until 1 September 1970. By this time many of the garden structures, including a folly castle and the walled garden, had been demolished. In 1975 the British government decided to use the house as a base for its Quality of Life Experiment. From 1978 to 1983, a religious group, the Spire Fellowship, utilised the home, and from 1984 to 1994, the estate was used by a group named Youth with a Mission.
The house fell into abandonment soon after Youth with a Mission left the area, but in 2001 Pastor Bob Hill from Fort Worth, Texas, leased the property from West Dunbartonshire Council to use as a Christian centre for Scottish youth. The house was used in the 2012 film Cloud Atlas, where it doubled for the house of Vyvyan Ayrs in the 1936 segment, and Aurora House in the 2012 segment. "Regeneration", which was partially filmed in Overtoun House, is a 1997 film adaptation of the novel of the same name by Pat Barker.
In October 1994, a man named Kevin Moy threw his two-week-old son to his death from the bridge because he believed that his son was an incarnation of the Devil. He then attempted to commit suicide several times, first by attempting to jump off the bridge, later by slashing his wrists.
Overtoun Bridge is a category B listed structure over the Overtoun Burn on the approach road to the house.[a] Studies have shown that since the 1950s or 1960s numerous dogs have leapt from the bridge at the rate of about one dog per year. Dogs that leap over the bridge parapet fall 50 feet (15 m) onto the waterfalls below. Some dogs that survived this drop were then taken back to the bridge, and jumped again. The only linking factors for this unexplained event are that dogs mostly jump from the same side of the bridge, in clear weather, and they are breeds with long snouts.
- Category B structures are "Buildings of regional or more than local importance, or major examples of some particular period, style or building type which may have been altered."
- "Overtoun House: Listed Building Report". Historic Scotland. Retrieved 22 March 2011.
- "Overtoun". An Inventory of Gardens and Designed Landscapes in Scotland. Historic Scotland. Retrieved 5 November 2013.
- Sands, David. "Overtoun Bridge Mystery". Animal Behaviour Clinic. Retrieved 22 March 2011.
- "Overtoun: Site history". An Inventory of Gardens and Designed Landscapes in Scotland. Historic Scotland. Archived from the original on 14 April 2015. Retrieved 20 March 2013.
- "Overtoun House". West Dunbartonshire Council. Archived from the original on 14 April 2015. Retrieved 10 December 2012.
- McConnell, Ian (7 March 2013), "Company seeks lift from Hollywood film role", Glasgow Herald
- "The War Poets at Craiglockhart". SCRAN. Archived from the original on 14 April 2015. Retrieved 14 April 2015.
- "Father who threw 'devil' baby from bridge sent to Carstairs". The Herald. 1 February 1995.
- "What is Listing?". Historic Scotland. Retrieved 9 April 2015.
- "Why have so many dogs leapt to their deaths from Overtoun Bridge?". Daily Mail. 17 October 2006.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Overtoun House.|
- Overtoun House: A Christian Centre For Hope And Healing
- West Dunbartonshire's Parks, including Overtoun Estate