Overwatch Contenders

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Overwatch Contenders
Overwatch Contenders logo.svg
GameOverwatch
Founded2017
Owner(s)Blizzard Entertainment
Related
competitions
Official websiteoverwatchcontenders.com

Overwatch Contenders (OWC) is an international esports league for the video game Overwatch that is organized by Blizzard Entertainment. The series acts as the development league for aspiring Overwatch League (OWL) professionals. Founded in 2017, Contenders was created in part to consolidate existing regional tournaments into a structure to support the Overwatch League, including the Overwatch Apex tournament, Overwatch Premier Series, and Overwatch Pacific Championship.

History[edit]

The Contenders league was launched in 2017 to be a developmental league for players aspiring to play in the Overwatch League, with regions in North America and Europe. Teams competed in an online open qualifier known as 2017 Season Zero, where the top eight teams from Europe, the top six teams from North America, and invited teams Team Envy and Rogue would compete in 2017 Season 1.[1]

In 2018, Blizzard merged Contenders with existing regional tournaments into a structure to support the Overwatch League; it was divided into five divisions with 12 teams each: Korea (replacing the Overwatch Apex tournament), China (replacing the Overwatch Premier Series), and Pacific (replacing Overwatch Pacific Championship for other Asian-Pacific countries), and adding in North America and European divisions. Prior to the second 2018 Contenders season, Blizzard added two additional divisions, Australia and South America, bringing the total to seven. Further, Blizzard gave the opportunity to the top eight teams from the Open Division within each region to compete in Contenders Trials, which would be held at the end of each Contenders season; the qualified teams would take place in a promotion-relegation tournament for the chance to compete in the next Contenders season.[2]

For its second year in 2019, Blizzard adjusted the format by reducing the number of teams in each region to eight, while dividing the North American region into East and West divisions. Blizzard also added a regional limit of the number of "import players", which are those that live outside the division's region, to a maximum of three.[3]

Blizzard made several changes for Contenders for the 2020 year. The North America East and West regions were merged back into the single North America region, reducing the total amount of regions back to seven, and the Atlantic and Pacific Divisions were renamed to the Atlantic and Pacific Conferences. Aside from China, the regional player restrictions was also reverted, now allowing any number of players from any region to be on a team in any region. The number of two-way players allowed to compete on a given day for a team was increased from two to four. Blizzard also made a major format change for 2020 year. The qualification to make regional playoffs was changed from a round-robin format to a point system, which includes four Contenders tournaments that will dictate the number of points a team earns based on their finishing place.[4]

Structure and seasons[edit]

Promotion and relegation flow chart of an Overwatch Contenders season.
  Contenders Playoffs
  Contenders
  Contenders Trials
  Open Division
T Top
B Bottom

The league is divided into two conferences, the Atlantic Conference and the Pacific Conferences. Each division is divided into a total of seven regions; the Pacific Division consists of the Australia, China, Korea, and Pacific regions, and the Atlantic Division consists of the Europe, North America, and South America regions.[5]

Each region is broken down into three divisions:

  • Open Division: a six-week Swiss-system tournament open to any player of any skill level. The Swiss culminates with a one-week, single-elimination tournament.
  • Contenders Trials (or simply Trials): a one-week, twelve-team, single-elimination tournament.
  • Contenders: a twelve-team, single-elimination tournament.

Additionally, each region's promotion and relegation into several phases:[5]

  1. Open Division: The top eight (8) teams advance to Trials Week 1.
  2. Trials Week 1: The top eight (8) teams from advance to Contenders Week 1, while the bottom four (4) move to Trials Week 2.
  3. Contenders Week 1: The top four (4) teams move to Contenders Week 2, while the bottom eight (8) drop into Trials Week 2.
  4. Trials Week 2: The top eight (8) teams advance to Contenders Week 2, while the bottom four (4) drop into Open Division.
  5. Contenders Week 2: The top four (4) teams move to Contenders Week 3, while the bottom eight (8) drop into Trials Week 3.
  6. Open Division: The top four (4) teams advance to Trials Week 3.
  7. Trials Week 3: The top eight (8) teams advance to Contenders Week 3, while the bottom four (4) move to Trials Week 4.
  8. Contenders Week 3: The top four (4) teams move to Contenders Week 4, while the bottom eight (8) drop into Trials Week 4.
  9. Trials Week 4: The top eight (8) teams advance to Contenders Week 4.
  10. Contenders Week 4.

Points are awarded only in Contenders and are based on placements in the tournament. First place is awarded 100 points, second is awarded 50 points, third and fourth are awarded 25 points, fifth through eighth are awarded 20 points, and ninth through twelfth are awarded 10 points.[6]

Championship and interregional play[edit]

Each region's playoffs, known as the Contenders Playoffs, is a double-elimination tournament. The top eight teams, based on points, from each region will qualify for their region's playoffs. Each playoff match winner is determined by which team win three maps first until the Grand Finals, which is first-to-four. The top four teams from Playoffs move on to the next season's Contenders Week 1, while the bottom four teams drop to the next season's Trials Week 1. Additionally, the top performers in each regional playoff has the chance to qualify for international events.[6]

Since 2019, the top teams from the Pacific and Atlantic Conference in each year's first season have competed in double-elimination tournaments, called the Pacific Showdown and Atlantic Showdown, respectively.[7] Similarly, at the end of each year's second season, the top teams from the every region compete in The Gauntlet, which consists of group stages culminating in a double-elimination tournament.[8]

Academy teams[edit]

Ownership models vary across Overwatch Contenders. Any team that moves from the Open Division to Contenders Trials must have a proper team owner; that is, the owner must not be player or by an individual acting as a proxy for a player.[9] Contenders teams may be affiliated with an OWL team, known as an "academy team", and players can be freely moved between these affiliated teams during set periods of each OWL season.[10] As such, there are three main models for ownership of a Contenders team: OWL affiliates, third-party sponsored teams, and unsigned rosters.[11]

Current[edit]

Academy team OWL team Region Years active Relationship Ref
Bilibili Gaming Hangzhou Spark China 2019–present Ownership [12]
British Hurricane London Spitfire Europe 2018–present Ownership [13]
Gen.G esports Seoul Dynasty Korea 2018–present Ownership [14]
Ignite One Guangzhou Charge China 2020–present Ownership [15]
T1 Philadelphia Fusion Korea 2019–present Partnership [16]
Team CC Shanghai Dragons China 2018–present Ownership [17]
Uprising Academy Boston Uprising North America 2019–present Ownership [18]

Former[edit]

Academy team OWL team Region Years active Relationship Ref
ATL Academy Atlanta Reign North America 2019–2020 Ownership [19]
Eternal Academy Paris Eternal Europe 2019, 2020 Ownership [20]
GG Esports Academy Houston Outlaws North America 2018 Ownership [21]
Gladiators Legion Los Angeles Gladiators North America 2018–2019 Ownership [22]
LGE.Huya[a] Chengdu Hunters China 2019–2020 Partnership [23]
Mayhem Academy Florida Mayhem North America 2018–2019 Ownership [24]
Montreal Rebellion Toronto Defiant North America 2019–2020 Ownership [25]
NRG Esports San Francisco Shock North America 2018–2019 Ownership [26]
T1w.GZA[a] Guangzhou Charge China 2019–2020 Partnership [27]
Team Envy Dallas Fuel North America 2018–2020 Ownership [28]
XL2 Academy New York Excelsior North America 2018–2019 Ownership [29]
  1. ^ a b Ended partnership with OWL team but did not disband

Player allocations[edit]

While there is no limit to how many players may be signed to a team, all Contenders teams may have only eight players designated as eligible to compete in a given week.[30] The minimum age to play in Contenders is 13,[31] except in the China region, where the minimum age is 16.[9]

Two-way contracts[edit]

In 2018, the Overwatch League allowed OWL teams to sign up to four players to two-way contracts with their associated academy team.[10] A maximum of four of the two-way players can play in a single Contenders match, and a two-way player cannot play in a Contenders match and Overwatch League match in the same week. These players will spend the majority of their time on a team's Contenders roster, but can freely move to their respective OWL team for up to two matches in any stage of regular season. Players under two-way contracts count against both the OWL team's roster limit and OWC team's roster limit. In addition, two-way players must be paid the same minimum salary ($50,000 as of 2018)[4][32] and benefits as any other Overwatch League player.[33]

Buyouts[edit]

Any Overwatch League team may contact, tryout, and sign any player competing in Contenders during specified periods, but must give a one-day notice to the player's current team before doing so. Should the OWL team decide to sign a Contenders player, the OWL team may have to pay a one-time buyout fee to the Contenders team, which is up to 100% of the players annual base salary. Contenders teams and their affiliate OWL team have "right-to-match" clauses, which will allow the parent team to match any other OWL offer within seven days of the offer being made.[34]

Past seasons[edit]

Regional champions[edit]

Year Season Pacific Atlantic
Australia China Korea Pacific Europe North America South America
2017 0 eUnited Immortals
1 Team Gigantti Team EnVyUs
2018 1 Sydney Drop Bears Lucky Future Zenith X6-Gaming DeToNator.KOREA British Hurricane Fusion University Brasil Gaming House
2 Sydney Drop Bears Lucky Future Zenith RunAway Talon Esports Eagle Gaming Fusion University Brasil Gaming House
3 Sydney Drop Bears The One Winner RunAway Hong Kong Attitude Team Gigantti Fusion University LFTOWL
2019 1 ORDER LGE.Huya Element Mystic Talon Esports Angry Titans Fusion University[NA 1] Team Envy[NA 2] Lowkey Esports
2 ORDER LGE.Huya RunAway Talon Esports HSL Esports ATL Academy[NA 1] Team Envy[NA 2] Lowkey Esports
2020 1 Mindfreak Team CC O2 Blast Talon Esports British Hurricane Team Doge Dignity
2 Ground Zero Gaming Flag Gaming WGS Phoenix Majestados

Interregional champions[edit]

Year Season Event Location Champions Score Runners-up Prize pool
2018 1 Atlantic Showdown Alwernia, Poland British Hurricane 3–1 Fusion University $0
2019 1 Pacific Showdown Shanghai, China Element Mystic 4–2 O2 Blast $125,000
Atlantic Showdown Krefeld, Germany Fusion University 4–0 Team Envy $125,000
2 The Gauntlet Seoul, Korea Element Mystic 4–1 ATL Academy $250,000
2020 2 The Gauntlet Online Team CC 4–1 Gen.G $150,000
British Hurricane 4–0 Obey Alliance $100,000
American Tornado 4–0 Odyssey $100,000
War Pigs 4–2 Majestados $75,000

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b North America East winner.
  2. ^ a b North America West winner.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Asarch, Steven (May 22, 2017). "Blizzard Announces 'Overwatch' Contenders: How Is It Different From The 'Overwatch' League Or World Cup?". International Business Times. Retrieved July 18, 2019.
  2. ^ Chalk, Andy (November 27, 2017). "Australia and South America will join Overwatch Contenders in 2018". PC Gamer. Archived from the original on November 27, 2017. Retrieved November 27, 2017.
  3. ^ "Blizzard confirms changes to Contenders". ESPN. Reuters. October 30, 2018. Archived from the original on November 1, 2018. Retrieved October 31, 2018.
  4. ^ a b Richardson, Liz (December 13, 2019). "Regions, residency restrictions change in Overwatch Contenders 2020". Dot Esports. Retrieved December 14, 2019.
  5. ^ a b Blizzard Entertainment (October 10, 2019). "A Peek at Overwatch Contenders in 2020". Overwatch League. Retrieved December 14, 2019.
  6. ^ a b Blizzard Entertainment (December 13, 2019). "A New Path to Pro Ecosystem". Overwatch League. Retrieved December 14, 2019.
  7. ^ Amos, Andrew (May 23, 2019). "How to watch the Overwatch Contenders Pacific and Atlantic Showdowns". Dot Esports. Retrieved July 19, 2019.
  8. ^ Amos, Andrew (May 26, 2019). "Overwatch Contenders Gauntlet to be held in Seoul". Dot Esports. Retrieved July 19, 2019.
  9. ^ a b Overwatch Contenders. "Overwatch Contenders Official Rules, Version 2.0" (PDF). Retrieved June 3, 2019.
  10. ^ a b Byers, Preston (June 14, 2018). "OWL sets free agency start date, new Contenders rules, and introduces two-way players". Dot Esports. Archived from the original on August 2, 2018. Retrieved August 2, 2018.
  11. ^ Carpenter, Nicole (October 30, 2018). "Overwatch Contenders is changing in 2019, and the community is worried". Dot Esports. Retrieved July 19, 2019.
  12. ^ Joyce, Darby (March 15, 2019). "Overwatch: Hangzhou Spark Announces Academy Team". The Game Haus. Retrieved March 20, 2019.
  13. ^ Marshall, Cass (February 15, 2018). "Meet Spitfire's all-European Contenders team: British Hurricane". Heroes Never Die. Retrieved July 18, 2019.
  14. ^ Esguerra, Lawerence (November 4, 2018). "Seoul Dynasty Reveals Korean Contenders Roster". Daily Esports. Retrieved July 18, 2019.
  15. ^ "Charge Sign Krystal, Spark Sue Him". Hotspawn.com. July 14, 2020. Retrieved July 21, 2020.
  16. ^ O'Dwyer, Samuel (December 3, 2019). "T1 joins Overwatch Contenders Korea for the 2020 season". Dot Esports. Retrieved December 5, 2019.
  17. ^ "2018 Overwatch Contenders China Teams" (in Chinese). 守望先锋 电竞. January 10, 2018. Retrieved July 18, 2019 – via Sina Weibo.
  18. ^ Tahan, Chelsey (February 19, 2018). "Toronto Esports aligns with the Boston Uprising for Overwatch Contenders 2018". Overwatch Wire. Archived from the original on October 21, 2018.
  19. ^ Alford, Aaron (March 22, 2020). "ATL Academy opts out of current 2020 Overwatch Contenders season". Dot Esports. Retrieved April 26, 2020.
  20. ^ Chen, Ethan (December 15, 2019). "Eternal Academy return to Overwatch Contenders Europe". Daily Esports. Retrieved February 6, 2020.
  21. ^ Genova, Vincent (October 6, 2018). "OpTic Gaming's GGEA kicked out of OW Contenders after roster mishap". Dexerto. Retrieved March 17, 2019.
  22. ^ Richardson, Liz (December 5, 2019). "Gladiators Legion latest to drop out of Overwatch Contenders". Dot Esports. Retrieved December 5, 2019.
  23. ^ "成都猎人队阵容前瞻". weibo.com (in Chinese). Retrieved April 13, 2020. Our cooperation with LGE.Huya has come to an end.
  24. ^ Richardson, Liz (May 20, 2019). "Mayhem Academy drop out of Contenders season 2". Dot Esports. Retrieved July 4, 2019.
  25. ^ Richardson, Liz (April 6, 2020). "Montreal Rebellion drops entire Overwatch Contenders roster". Dot Esports. Retrieved April 6, 2020.
  26. ^ Samples, Rachel (May 8, 2019). "NRG Esports to no longer field Overwatch Contenders team". Dot Esports. Retrieved May 9, 2019.
  27. ^ O'Dwyer, Samuel (February 7, 2020). "Guangzhou Charge cuts ties with T1W, plans to build new branded Contenders team". Dot Esports. Retrieved April 13, 2020.
  28. ^ Peres, Pedro (April 28, 2020). "Team Envy drops out of Overwatch Contenders". Dot Esports. Retrieved May 7, 2020.
  29. ^ Richardson, Liz (November 11, 2019). "XL2 Academy drop out of Overwatch Contenders". Dot Esports. Retrieved November 11, 2019.
  30. ^ Cecconi, Dave (June 15, 2018). "Overwatch League Further Incentivizes Contenders Academy Structure with Latest Announcement". The Bench Mob. Retrieved July 18, 2019.
  31. ^ Grayson, Nathan (August 24, 2017). "Top Genji Player Can't Compete In Blizzard's Overwatch League Because He's Just 16". Kotaku. Retrieved July 18, 2019.
  32. ^ Wolf, Jacob (July 26, 2017). "Overwatch League announces standard player contract terms". ESPN. Retrieved July 18, 2019.
  33. ^ Stenzel, Zach (September 28, 2019). "Two-Way Players in the Overwatch League". The Game Haus. Retrieved July 18, 2019.
  34. ^ Olmstead, Sydney (June 14, 2018). "Blizzard Reveals Information About Overwatch League Offseason". VGR. Retrieved July 19, 2019.

External links[edit]