Lochnagar Crater Memorial
|Intercommunality||Pays du Coquelicot|
|• Mayor (2008)||Line Wattraint|
|Area1||9.61 km2 (3.71 sq mi)|
|• Density||38/km2 (98/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|INSEE/Postal code||80615 /80300|
80–153 m (262–502 ft) |
(avg. 115 m or 377 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The commune of Ovillers-la-Boisselle is situated 22 kilometres (14 mi) northeast of Amiens and extends to the north and south of the D 929 Albert–Bapaume road.
The constituent village of La Boisselle, which had 35 houses in 1914, lies across the D 929, to the south-west of Ovillers at the junction of the D 104 to Contalmaison.
|Starting in 1962: Population without duplicates|
The village of La Boisselle is a settlement dating back to pre-Roman times, and the D 929 Albert–Bapaume road follows the course of a Roman road. During the Franco-Prussian War (1870–1871), the area suffered serious damage after the Battle of Bapaume.
In World War I, the area was the site of intense and sustained fighting between German and Allied forces. Between 1914 and 1916, the Western Front ran through the commune, and its villages were completely destroyed. In 1916, the commune was the site of particularly heavy fighting during the Battle of the Somme (see Ovillers-la-Boisselle in World War I). After the Armistice of 11 November 1918, the former inhabitants returned and gradually rebuilt most of the infrastructure as it had been before the war.
In 2011, British researchers around Peter Barton started the La Boisselle Project, a long-term archaeological, historical, technological and genealogical study with special focus on L'îlot de La Boisselle, a 3.12-hectare (7.7-acre) historic site on the south-western tip of La Boisselle which was known during World War I as L'îlot to the French, Granathof to the Germans and Glory Hole to the British. The site still holds mine craters as well as traces of trenches, shelters and tunnels related to underground warfare, but is private property and not open to the public.
Places of interest
- Ovillers British Military Cemetery
- The Gordon Dump Cemetery
- Lochnagar Crater, one of the sites of the mines exploded on the first day of the Battle of the Somme.
William Orpen: Mines and the Bapaume Road, La Boisselle
- Communes of the Somme department
- Sausage Valley
- Capture of Ovillers
- Capture of La Boisselle
- L'îlot de La Boisselle
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ovillers-la-Boisselle.|
- Ovillers-la-Boisselle on the Quid website (in French)
- La Boisselle Study Group and La Boisselle Project (in English)
- Ilot de La Boisselle (in French)
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|This World War I article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|