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Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Viperidae
Subfamily: Crotalinae
Genus: Ovophis
Burger, 1981
  • Ovophis Burger
    In Romano-Hoge, 1981
Common names: mountain pit vipers.

Ovophis is a genus of venomous pitvipers found in Asia.[1] Three species are currently recognized.[2]

Geographic range[edit]

Found in Asia in Nepal and Seven Sisters (Assam), India, eastward through Myanmar, Cambodia, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, West Malaysia, Taiwan, Okinawa, Sumatra and Borneo.[1]


Species[2] Taxon author[2] Subsp.*[2] Common name Geographic range[1]
O. chaseni (M.A. Smith, 1931) 0 Mount Kinabalu pit viper Borneo in Indonesia: northern Sabah in the region of Mount Kinabalu.
O. monticolaT (Günther, 1864) 4 Mountain pit viper Nepal, India (Assam, Sikkim), Myanmar, China (Zhejiang, Fujian, Sichuan, Yunnan and Tibet), Hong Kong, Taiwan, Cambodia, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, West Malaysia, and Sumatra in Indonesia.
O. okinavensis (Boulenger, 1892) 0 Okinawa pit viper Japan (Ryukyu Islands: Okinawa and the Amami Islands).

*) Not including the nominate subspecies.
T) Type species.[1]


Species placed in this group have long been associated with the genus Trimeresurus.[1] One other species that is included in some other taxonomies is O. tonkinensis (Bourret, 1934). It is commonly called the Tonkin pit viper and is found in Vietnam and China.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, vol. 1. Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
  2. ^ a b c d "Ovophis". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 4 November 2006. 

External links[edit]