Owens Cross Roads, Alabama

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Owens Cross Roads, Alabama
OCRflyover.png
View of Old 431 in the center of Owens Cross Roads
A field in Owens Cross Roads
A neighborhood pond in Owens Cross Roads
An Owens Cross Roads neighborhood street
View on a Sunday morning at Redemption Church
Clockwise from top:
  • Overlooking Owens Cross Roads US 431
  • Old Highway 431 in the Center of Owens Cross Roads
  • A field in Owens Cross Roads
  • A neighborhood pond
  • A neighborhood street
  • Sunday morning sunrise
Location of Owens Cross Roads in Madison County, Alabama.
Location of Owens Cross Roads in Madison County, Alabama.
Coordinates: 34°35′10″N 86°27′31″W / 34.58611°N 86.45861°W / 34.58611; -86.45861
CountryUnited States
StateAlabama
CountyMadison
Area
 • Total8.45 sq mi (21.89 km2)
 • Land8.33 sq mi (21.58 km2)
 • Water0.12 sq mi (0.31 km2)
Elevation
581 ft (177 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total2,594
 • Density311.33/sq mi (120.20/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
35763
Area code(s)256
FIPS code01-57504
GNIS feature ID0155184
WebsiteOwensCrossRoadsAL.gov

Owens Cross Roads is a city in Madison County, Alabama, United States, and is included in the Huntsville-Decatur Combined Statistical Area. It was incorporated in 1967.[2] As of the 2020 census, the population of the city was 2,594. The City has a mayor-council form of government. The City Hall, including City Clerk, Municipal Court and Police Departments are located at 9032 US Highway 431.[3]

History[edit]

The area has a history that can be dated back to the early 1800’s. Pioneers had drifted into the area from Tennessee, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia with names such as Wood, Parker, Craig, Craft, Maples, Carpenter and Brannum, but a gentleman named Thomas J. Owens had migrated from Virginia and was the first to build his family home near an intersection of two roads.

The name Owens Cross Roads was very appropriately chosen since the Owens home was at “the cross roads”. The community grew in size at a steady pace over the years as a large frame business house was erected near the intersection, containing a post office (established 1861[4]), general store and blacksmith shop.[5] Owens Cross Roads first appeared on maps in 1850.[6]

Following the Civil War, the population grew as businesses sprang up and a new school was erected to replace the original log schoolhouse. With the turn of the 20th century came new growth to the neighboring towns of Huntsville and Guntersville, making Owens Cross Roads a welcome stop for travelers between the two larger towns. The town relied heavily on cotton cultivation throughout much of its early history, with some crop diversification coming in the 1920s and 1930s.[7]

Incorporation[edit]

Owens Cross Roads Police and Volunteer Fire on a scene

Incorporated in 1967, the Owens Cross Roads City Hall sits facing Highway 431 South, a busy corridor of modern life. The city proudly boasts of having the first Blue Ribbon School in Madison County, a highly praised Volunteer Fire Department and a Police Department dedicated to serve and protect the citizens of Owens Cross Roads.[8]

Geography[edit]

Looking off Green Mountain to the Owens Cross Roads area below.

Owens Cross Roads is located at 34°35′10″N 86°27′31″W / 34.58611°N 86.45861°W / 34.58611; -86.45861 (34.586071, -86.458561).[9] The city is situated in a broad valley carved by the Flint River. Rugged hills and mountains surround the town, including Green Mountain to the west, and Keel Mountain to the east. Huntsville lies across Green Mountain to the northwest, New Hope lies just to the southeast, and Paint Rock lies across Keel Mountain to the northeast. U.S. Route 431 passes through Owens Cross Roads, connecting the town with Huntsville and Guntersville. Owens Cross Roads met the threshold to become a city in 2020 with the population exceeding 2,000 persons under Alabama law [10]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 8.4 square miles (21.8 km2), of which 8.3 square miles (21.5 km2) is land and 0.12 square miles (0.3 km2), or 1.42%, is water.[11]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1970767
19808044.8%
1990695−13.6%
20001,12461.7%
20101,52135.3%
20202,59470.5%
U.S. decennial census [12]

2010 census[edit]

At the 2010 census there were 1,521 people, 593 households, and 409 families in the town. The population density was 183 people per square mile (70.7/km2). There were 650 housing units at an average density of 78.3 per square mile (30.2/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 91.5% White, 3.6% Black or African American, 1.0% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 3.0% from two or more races. 2.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[13] Of the 593 households 30.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.3% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.0% were non-families. 27.0% of households were one person and 8.7% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.91.

The age distribution was 23.1% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 23.9% from 45 to 64, and 16.9% 65 or older. The median age was 38.1 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.0 males.

The median household income was $40,625 and the median family income was $43,750. Males had a median income of $43,889 versus $33,393 for females. The per capita income for the town was $21,542. About 23.6% of families and 31.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 60.9% of those under age 18 and 6.1% of those age 65 or over.

2020 census[edit]

From the 2020 census data released thus far (September, 2021) there were 2,594 people in the city. The population density was 312 people per square mile. There were 1,032 housing units at an average density of 124.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 85.6% White, 7.7% Black or African American, 1.3% Native American, 1.0% Asian, 0.01% from other races, and 2.9% from two or more races. 2.0% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[12]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 29, 2021.
  2. ^ a b Christopher Maloney, "Owens Cross Roads," Encyclopedia of Alabama, 1 July 2014.
  3. ^ https://www.owenscrossroadsal.gov
  4. ^ "Owens Cross Roads".
  5. ^ "History of OCR – Owens Cross Roads, Alabama".
  6. ^ "Owens Cross Roads".
  7. ^ "Owens Cross Roads".
  8. ^ "History of OCR – Owens Cross Roads, Alabama".
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  10. ^ "Code of Alabama". Code of Alabama 11-40-6. Alabama Legislature. Retrieved 15 September 2021.
  11. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Owens Cross Roads town, Alabama". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved February 1, 2013.
  12. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2021-09-16.
  13. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-08-01.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°35′10″N 86°27′31″W / 34.586071°N 86.458561°W / 34.586071; -86.458561