Oxenholme Lake District railway station

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Oxenholme Lake District National Rail
Oxenholme Lake District railway station in spring 2013 (1).JPG
Location
Place Oxenholme
Local authority District of South Lakeland
Coordinates 54°18′18″N 2°43′19″W / 54.305°N 2.722°W / 54.305; -2.722Coordinates: 54°18′18″N 2°43′19″W / 54.305°N 2.722°W / 54.305; -2.722
Grid reference SD531901
Operations
Station code OXN
Managed by Virgin Trains
Number of platforms 3
DfT category D
Live arrivals/departures, station information and onward connections
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2011/12 Increase 0.436 million
2012/13 Decrease 0.421 million
2013/14 Increase 0.436 million
2014/15 Increase 0.489 million
2015/16 Increase 0.522 million
– Interchange   0.277 million
History
Original company Lancaster and Carlisle Railway[1]
Pre-grouping London and North Western Railway
Post-grouping London, Midland and Scottish Railway
July 1847 Opened as Kendal Junction[1]
c. 1860 Renamed Oxenholme[1]
1988 Renamed Oxenholme The Lake District[1]
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Oxenholme Lake District from Office of Rail and Road statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.
170433 at Edinburgh Waverley.JPG UK Railways portal

Oxenholme Lake District railway station (often shortened to Oxenholme) is a railway station in Oxenholme, near Kendal, in Cumbria, England. The station is situated on the West Coast Main Line and is also the start of the Windermere Branch Line to Windermere. All platforms are electrified, however platform 3 on the Windermere branch has limited capacity for longer trains. The station serves as a main line connection point for Kendal, and is managed by Virgin Trains.[2]

History[edit]

The station was constructed as part of the Lancaster and Carlisle Railway (which is now a section on the West Coast Main Line from London to Glasgow). Initially the railway was earmarked to go via Kendal. However, a 2.1 mi (3.4 km) tunnel would have had to been built north of the town to accommodate this route. As it was deemed too expensive an option, a line running 1 mi (1.6 km) east of Kendal was adopted. The line between Lancaster and Oxenholme opened in September 1846. Trains from Lancaster passed through Oxenholme to a temporary terminus at Kendal. This ended when the line to Carlisle was completed in December 1847.

With the decision to avoid Kendal, the Kendal and Windermere Railway was promoted instead with Oxenholme becoming a junction station. The branch line would be between Oxenholme and its terminus at Windermere (although it actually is in Birthwaite about 0.75 mi (1.21 km) from the actual lake). It opened in April 1847.

The station's popularity with visitors to The Lakes was fictionalised by Arthur Ransome in the Swallows and Amazons series of children's books, where it was renamed Strickland Junction.[3] In Pigeon Post Roger releases a homing pigeon there.

Incidents[edit]

On 10 February 1965 fugitive John Middleton, who was hiding in the waiting room, shot and killed Carlisle policeman Alex Archibald at the station, his colleague, George Russell, who was also shot, died a few hours later in hospital.[4]

On 27 May 2006 a 19-year-old man was fatally stabbed aboard a Glasgow-Paignton train as it was entering the station. A 22-year-old man was jailed for 21 years for the murder in November 2006.[5]

The Grayrigg rail crash happened on 23 February 2007 when a Virgin Pendolino train derailed shortly after it had left Oxenholme Lake District railway station; one person died and 22 others were injured in the crash.[6]

Services[edit]

Most Virgin Trains services from London to Glasgow or Edinburgh call here to provide connections with the Windermere branch. There is normally a train at least every two hours to London (either direct or via Birmingham New Street) and every hour to Edinburgh or Glasgow. TransPennine Express services between Manchester Airport and Glasgow/Edinburgh also serve the station once per hour each way, as well as Northern services to and from Windermere. Most Windermere services start and terminate here, but some occasionally run through to Lancaster, Preston and Manchester Airport.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC 60251199. 
  2. ^ National Rail Enquiries (2 December 2007). "Station Facilities: Oxenholme Lake District (OXN)". National Rail Enquiries. Retrieved 2007-12-02. 
  3. ^ Christina Hardyment Arthur Ransome and Capt. Flint's Trunk, Jonathan Cape 1984
  4. ^ Deborah Kuiper (28 December 2007). "Hero PC dies". Hexham Courant. Retrieved 2008-03-15. [dead link]
  5. ^ "Life sentence for train murder of student". The Guardian. Guardian News and Media Limited. 11 October 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-02. 
  6. ^ "How Cumbria rail crash unfolded". BBC News. 24 February 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-02. 
  7. ^ GB National Rail Timetable May 2016 Edition, Tables 65, 82 & 83 (Network Rail)

External links[edit]

Preceding station   National Rail National Rail   Following station
Lancaster   Virgin Trains
West Coast Main Line
  Penrith North Lakes or
Carlisle
Lancaster   TransPennine Express
TransPennine North West
 
Terminus   Northern
Windermere Branch Line
  Kendal
Lancaster