Temporal range: Early Oligocene–Late Oligocene
|Range of Oxetocyon based on fossil distribution|
Oxetocyon ("beginning dog") is an extinct genus of the subfamily Borophaginae and a terrestrial canine which inhabited North America during the Whitneyan stage (33.3 Mya)—(30.8 Mya) of the Oligocene epoch. Oxetocyon existed for approximately .
The teeth of Oxetocyon indicate a more hypocarnivorous diet, as is found in the living raccoon dog, and suggest a potential relationship to the unusual borophagine Otarocyon. Oxetocyon is distinguished from Otarocyon by its own set of dental specializations for an omnivorous diet, particularly by the presence of a cleft that divides each upper molar into front and back halves.
Fossil specimens of two individuals' body mass were examined by Legendre and Roth. The first specimen was estimated to weigh 1.04 kg (2.29 lbs). The second specimen was estimated to weigh 1.1 kg (2.44 lbs).
- Roundhouse Rock, Brule Formation, Morrill County, Nebraska ~33.3—30.8 Ma.
- UNSM Sx-28, Brule Formation, Sioux County, Nebraska ~33.3—30.8 Ma.
- Brule Formation, Oglala Lakota County, South Dakota ~33.3—30.8 Ma.
- Harris Ranch Unit C, Brule Formation, Fall River County, South Dakota ~33.3—30.8 Ma.
- PaleoBiology Database: Oxetocyon Taxonomy, Species
- Xiaoming Wang, R.H. Tedford, and B.E. Taylor. 1999. Phylogenetic systematics of the Borophaginae
- S. Legendre and C. Roth. 1988. Correlation of carnassial tooth size and body weight in recent carnivores (Mammalia). Historical Biology
- Paleobiology Database: Oxetocyon (see Morphology)
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